Archduke vs Duke what difference

what is difference between Archduke and Duke

English

Etymology

From Middle French archeduc (modern French archiduc), from Latin archidux. Equivalent to arch- +‎ duke.

Noun

archduke (plural archdukes)

  1. (historical) The son or male-line grandson of an emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  2. (historical) The ruler of an archduchy, in particular the Archduchy of Austria.

Related terms

Translations



English

Etymology

From Old French duc, through Middle English duke, from Latin dux, ducis. Displaced native Old English heretoga. Was present as duc in late Old English, from the same Latin source. Doublet of dux and doge.

The “fist” sense is thought to be Cockney rhyming slang where “Duke(s) of York” = fork. Fork is itself cockney slang for hand, and thus fist.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /djuːk/, /dʒuːk/
  • (US) IPA(key): /d(j)uːk/
  • Rhymes: -uːk
  • Homophone: juke (with yod coalescence)

Noun

duke (plural dukes)

  1. The male ruler of a duchy (female equivalent: duchess).
  2. The sovereign of a small state.
  3. A high title of nobility; the male holder of a dukedom.
    Hypernyms: title, holder
    Coordinate terms: baron, count, countess, earl, marquis, marquess, viscount, prince, monarch
  4. A grand duke.
  5. Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the Asian genera Bassarona and Dophla.
  6. (slang, usually in the plural) A fist.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

duke (third-person singular simple present dukes, present participle duking, simple past and past participle duked)

  1. (transitive, informal) To hit or beat with the fists.
  2. (slang, transitive) To give cash to; to give a tip to.
    Synonym: tip

Derived terms

References


Albanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈdukɛ]

Particle

duke

  1. A particle which precedes a participle to form a gerundive adverbial phrase.
    duke kënduar — (while) singing, by singing

Bikol Central

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish duque (duke).

Noun

duke

  1. duke

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • duk, duc, duyk, doyk, dug

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French duc, from Latin dux.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diu̯k/

Noun

duke (plural dukes)

  1. leader, guide, commander, boss
  2. noble, lord
  3. duke (rank of nobility)

Related terms

  • duchesse
  • dukedom
  • duche

Descendants

  • English: duke
  • Scots: duik, duke

References

  • “dūk, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-02.

Scots

Verb

duke (third-person singular present dukes, present participle dukin, past dukit, past participle dukit)

  1. to cut into a queue, without permission (intransitive); to cut into a queue in front of someone (transitive)
    Oi, dinnae duke us!

Tagalog

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish duque (duke).

Noun

duke

  1. duke

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