Astronaut vs Cosmonaut what difference

what is difference between Astronaut and Cosmonaut

English

Etymology

From astro- +‎ -naut. Coined from Ancient Greek ἄστρον (ástron, star) and ναύτης (naútēs, sailor).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: ăsʹtrənôt’
    • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæstɹəˌnɔːt/
    • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈæstɹəˌnɔt/, /ˈæʃtɹəˌnɔt/
    • (Canada) IPA(key): /ˈæstɹəˌnɒt/

Noun

astronaut (plural astronauts)

  1. A member of the crew of a spaceship or other spacecraft that travels beyond Earth’s atmosphere, or someone trained to serve that purpose.
    1. An American space traveler, when contrasted against equivalent terms from other countries such as cosmonaut, taikonaut, spationaut, and vyomanaut.
      • 2013, Edward Clinton Ezell, Linda Neuman Ezell, The Partnership: A NASA History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, Courier Corporation →ISBN
        Though from different social, economic, and political worlds, the astronauts and cosmonauts had much in common, both as professionals and human beings.
  2. (Hong Kong) A returnee who frequently flies back and forth between Hong Kong and their adopted home country.

Synonyms

  • cosmonaut

Hyponyms

  • astronautess
  • spationaut
  • taikonaut
  • vyomanaut

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations


Albanian

Noun

astronaut ?

  1. astronaut, cosmonaut
    Synonym: kosmonaut

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈastronau̯t]

Noun

astronaut m

  1. astronaut, cosmonaut
    Synonym: kosmonaut

Related terms

  • astronautika

Further reading

  • astronaut in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • astronaut in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /astronavt/, [asd̥ʁoˈnɑwˀd̥]

Noun

astronaut c (singular definite astronauten, plural indefinite astronauter)

  1. astronaut

Inflection

Related terms

  • kosmonaut

Further reading

  • astronaut on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English astronaut.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɑ.stroːˈnɑu̯t/, /ˌɑs.troːˈnɑu̯t/
  • Hyphenation: as‧tro‧naut
  • Rhymes: -ɑu̯t

Noun

astronaut m (plural astronauten, diminutive astronautje n, feminine astronaute)

  1. a (male) astronaut [from early 1950s]
    Synonyms: kosmonaut, ruimtevaarder

Derived terms

  • astronautisch

Related terms

  • astronautiek

Indonesian

Etymology

Borrowed from English astronaut.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /astronau̯t̚/, /astronɔt̚/
  • Hyphenation: as‧tro‧naut

Noun

astronaut (first-person possessive astronautku, second-person possessive astronautmu, third-person possessive astronautnya)

  1. astronaut.
    Synonyms: angkasawan, antariksawan, kosmonaut

Further reading

  • “astronaut” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From English astronaut.

Noun

astronaut m (definite singular astronauten, indefinite plural astronauter, definite plural astronautene)

  1. an astronaut
    Synonym: romfarer

References

  • “astronaut” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From English astronaut.

Noun

astronaut m (definite singular astronauten, indefinite plural astronautar, definite plural astronautane)

  1. an astronaut
    Synonym: romfarar

References

  • “astronaut” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French astronaute, English astronaut.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /as.troˈnaut/

Noun

astronaut m (plural astronauți, feminine equivalent astronaută)

  1. astronaut
    Synonym: cosmonaut

Declension

Related terms

See also

  • taikonaut

References

  • astronaut in DEX online – Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /astronǎut/

Noun

astronàut m (Cyrillic spelling астрона̀ут)

  1. astronaut
    Synonyms: kozmonàut, kosmonàut

Declension


Swedish

Etymology

From astro- +‎ -naut.

Noun

astronaut c

  1. an astronaut

Declension

See also



English

Etymology

Borrowed from Russian космона́вт (kosmonávt), from Ancient Greek κόσμος (kósmos, universe) + ναύτης (naútēs, sailor), may be decomposed as cosmos +‎ -naut

Pronunciation

  • enPR: kŏz’mənôt, IPA(key): /ˈkɒzməˌnɔːt/

Noun

cosmonaut (plural cosmonauts)

  1. An astronaut, especially a Russian or Soviet one.

Derived terms

  • cosmonautic
  • cosmonautical
  • cosmonautics

Related terms

  • cosmos
  • astronaut
  • taikonaut
  • spationaut
  • aeronaut

Translations


Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French cosmonaute.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ko.smo.na.ˈut/

Noun

cosmonaut m (plural cosmonauți, feminine equivalent cosmonaută)

  1. cosmonaut

Declension

Synonyms

  • astronaut

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