backbone vs gumption what difference

what is difference between backbone and gumption

English

Etymology

From Middle English bakbon, bakebon, bac-bon, equivalent to back +‎ bone. Compare the semantically analogous Old English hryċġbān (backbone; spine), West Frisian rêchbonke (backbone).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbækˌbəʊn/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbækˌboʊn/

Noun

backbone (countable and uncountable, plural backbones)

  1. The series of vertebrae, separated by disks, that encloses and protects the spinal cord, and runs down the middle of the back in vertebrate animals.
  2. (figuratively) Any fundamental support, structure, or infrastructure.
  3. (figuratively) Courage, fortitude, or strength.

Synonyms

  • spine
  • spinal column
  • vertebral column
  • See also Thesaurus:backbone

Translations



English

Etymology

From Scots gumption (common sense, shrewdness; drive, initiative); further etymology unknown, possibly connected with Middle English gome (attention, heed), from Old Norse gaumr (attention, heed). English cognates include gaum (to comprehend, understand) and goam (to recognize, see).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡʌmpʃən/
  • Hyphenation: gump‧tion

Noun

gumption (usually uncountable, plural gumptions)

  1. (Britain) Common sense, initiative, resourcefulness. [from early 18th c.]
    Synonym: gumph
  2. (US) Boldness of enterprise; aggressiveness or initiative.
    Synonyms: chutzpah, gumph, guts, spunk
  3. (US) Energy of body and mind, enthusiasm.
    Synonym: gumph

Derived terms

Translations

References

Further reading

  • gumption on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • gumption in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • gumption at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “gumption”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

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