baffle vs regulate what difference

what is difference between baffle and regulate

English

Alternative forms

  • bafful, baffol (both obsolete)

Etymology

Origin uncertain. Perhaps related to French bafouer (to scorn) or obsolete French befer (to mock), via Scots bauchle (to disgrace).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbæfl̩/
  • Hyphenation: baf‧fle
  • Rhymes: -æfəl

Verb

baffle (third-person singular simple present baffles, present participle baffling, simple past and past participle baffled)

  1. (obsolete) To publicly disgrace, especially of a recreant knight. [16th-17th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.7:
      He by the heeles him hung upon a tree, / And baffuld so, that all which passed by / The picture of his punishment might see […].
  2. (obsolete) To hoodwink or deceive (someone). [16th-18th c.]
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, The Duty of Prayer (sermon)
      pretences to baffle with his goodness
  3. To bewilder completely; to confuse or perplex. [from 17th c.]
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:confuse
    • 1843, William H. Prescott, The History of the Conquest of Mexico
      computations, so difficult as to have baffled, till a comparatively recent period, the most enlightened nations
    • Every abstruse problem, every intricate question will not baffle, discourage or break it [the mind]
  4. (now rare) To foil; to thwart. [from 17th c.]
    • 1798, William Cowper, On the Receipt of My Mother’s Picture
      the art that baffles time’s tyrannic claim
    • a suitable scripture ready to repel and baffle them all
    • 1915, Edward Plunkett, Lord Dunsany, Fifty-One Tales
      So they had to search the world again for a sphinx. And still there was none. But they were not men that it is easy to baffle, and at last they found a sphinx in a desert at evening watching a ruined temple whose gods she had eaten hundreds of years ago when her hunger was on her.
  5. (intransitive) To struggle in vain. [from 19th c.]

Translations

Derived terms

  • bafflegab
  • bafflement

Noun

baffle (plural baffles)

  1. A device used to dampen the effects of such things as sound, light, or fluid. Specifically, a baffle is a surface which is placed inside an open area to inhibit direct motion from one part to another, without preventing motion altogether.
  2. An architectural feature designed to confuse enemies or make them vulnerable.
  3. (US, dialect, coal mining) A lever for operating the throttle valve of a winding engine.

Descendants

  • French: baffle
  • Spanish: bafle

Translations

Further reading

  • “baffle”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

References


French

Etymology

Borrowed from English baffle.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bafl/

Noun

baffle m or f (plural baffles)

  1. speaker (audio)
    Synonym: haut-parleur


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin regulatus, past participle of regulō (to direct, rule, regulate), from regula (rule), from regō (to keep straight, direct, govern, rule). Compare regle, rail.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛɡjəleɪt/
  • Hyphenation: re‧gu‧late

Verb

regulate (third-person singular simple present regulates, present participle regulating, simple past and past participle regulated)

  1. To dictate policy.
  2. To control or direct according to rule, principle, or law.
    • 1834, George Bancroft, History of the United States of America, from the Discovery of the Continent
      The herdsmen near the frontier adjudicated their own disputes, and regulated their own police.
  3. To adjust to a particular specification or requirement: regulate temperature.
  4. To adjust (a mechanism) for accurate and proper functioning.
    to regulate a watch, i.e. adjust its rate of running so that it will keep approximately standard time
    to regulate the temperature of a room, the pressure of steam, the speed of a machine, etc.
  5. To put or maintain in order.
    to regulate the disordered state of a nation or its finances
    to regulate one’s eating habits

Derived terms

  • deregulate
  • downregulate
  • upregulate

Related terms

  • rule
  • ruler
  • regular
  • regulation
  • regulator

Translations

Further reading

  • regulate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • regulate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • legature

Latin

Verb

rēgulāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of rēgulō

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