bake vs broil what difference

what is difference between bake and broil

English

Etymology

From Middle English baken, from Old English bacan (to bake), from Proto-West Germanic *bakan, from Proto-Germanic *bakaną (to bake), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₃g- (to roast, bake).

Cognate with West Frisian bakke (to bake), Dutch bakken (to bake), Low German backen (to bake), German backen (to bake), Norwegian Bokmål bake (to bake), Danish bage (to bake), Swedish baka (to bake), Ancient Greek φώγω (phṓgō, roast, verb).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /beɪk/
  • Rhymes: -eɪk

Verb

bake (third-person singular simple present bakes, present participle baking, simple past baked or (dialectal) book, past participle baked or (dialectal) baken)

  1. (ditransitive or intransitive, with person as subject) To cook (something) in an oven.
    I baked a delicious cherry pie.
    She’s been baking all day to prepare for the dinner.
  2. (intransitive, with baked thing as subject) To be cooked in an oven.
    The cake baked at 350°F.
  3. (intransitive) To be warmed to drying and hardening.
    The clay baked in the sun.
  4. (transitive) To dry by heat.
    They baked the electrical parts lightly to remove moisture.
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) To be hot.
    It is baking in the greenhouse.
    I’m baking after that workout in the gym.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) To cause to be hot.
  7. (intransitive, slang) To smoke marijuana.
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To harden by cold.
  9. (computer graphics, transitive) To fix (lighting, reflections, etc.) as part of the texture of an object to improve rendering performance.
  10. (figuratively, with “in” or “into”) To incorporate into something greater.
    • 2014, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security, Airline Industry Consolidation: Hearing (page 36)
      Disagreements between pilots’ unions are baked into the merger cake.
    • 2016, David B. Woolner, John M. Thompson, Progressivism in America: Past, Present and Future (page 100)
      Many of the causes of governmental dysfunction are simply baked into the cake of American politics and will never change.

Usage notes

In the dialects of northern England, the simple past book and past participle baken are sometimes encountered.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:cook

Derived terms

Related terms

  • roast

Translations

Noun

bake (plural bakes)

  1. The act of cooking food by baking.
  2. (especially Britain, Australia, New Zealand) Any of various baked dishes resembling casserole.
    • 2009, Dictionary of Food: International Food and Cooking Terms from A to Z →ISBN:
      A fish bake made with cod chunks, sliced parboiled potatoes, []
    • 2009, Rosalind Peters, Kate Pankhurst, Clive Boursnell, Midnight Feast Magic: Sleepover Fun and Food
      If you happen to have small, heat-proof glass or ceramic pots in your kitchen (known as ramekins) then you can make this very easy pasta bake in fun-size, individual portions.
  3. Any food item that is baked.
    • 2016, Annie Rigg, Great British Bake Off: Children’s Party Cakes & Bakes:
      Baking parchment should not be confused with greaseproof paper — the former has a non-stick coating and will ensure that your bakes lift out of the tin or off the baking sheets easily, the latter will have the opposite effect!
  4. (US) A social event at which food (such as seafood) is baked, or at which baked food is served.
    • 1904, Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology:
      The central episode is the temporary burial of the novitiate; a shallow pit is excavated, and in this a fire is made, as for a fish bake; []
    • 1939, The American Photo-engraver, volume 31, page 289:
      I am about to launch a scheme for our local to invest a few dollars in a spot where the boys will know where to find company and pass a few hours or a week-end out in the fresh air and partake of shrimp bakes or fish fries and so forget the on-creeping years.
    • 2006, Jeffery P. Sandman, Peter R. Sandman, Soaring and Gliding: The Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Area:
      [] also featured a fish bake, a dance, and a beach party[.]
  5. (Barbados, sometimes US and UK) A small, flat (or ball-shaped) cake of dough eaten in Barbados and sometimes elsewhere, similar in appearance and ingredients to a pancake but fried (or in some places sometimes roasted).
    • For quotations using this term, see Citations:bake.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Baek, beak, beka

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bake/, [ba.ke̞]

Etymology 1

From Latin pāx, pācem.

Noun

bake inan

  1. peace
  2. tranquillity, serenity
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

bake

  1. Infinitive of baketu.

Further reading

  • “bake” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • “bake” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Middle English

Etymology 1

Unknown; see bakke for more.

Noun

bake (plural bakes)

  1. Alternative form of bakke (bat)

Etymology 2

From Old English bacan.

Verb

bake

  1. Alternative form of baken (to bake)

Etymology 3

From baken, the past participle of the above verb.

Noun

bake

  1. Alternative form of baken (meal involving pastry)

Etymology 4

From Old English bæc.

Noun

bake

  1. Alternative form of bak

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse baka

Verb

bake (imperative bak, present tense baker, passive bakes, simple past bakte, past participle bakt)

  1. to bake (something)

Derived terms

  • bakebolle
  • bakepapir
  • bakepulver

Related terms

  • baker (noun)
  • baking

References

  • “bake” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • baka

Etymology

From Old Norse baka

Verb

bake (present tense bakar or baker, past tense baka or bakte, past participle baka or bakt, passive infinitive bakast, present participle bakande, imperative bak)

  1. to bake (something)

Derived terms

  • bakebolle
  • bakepapir
  • bakepulver

Related terms

  • bakar (noun)
  • baking

References

  • “bake” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Serbo-Croatian

Noun

bake (Cyrillic spelling баке)

  1. inflection of baka:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Wolio

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɓake/

Noun

bake

  1. heart
  2. fruit

References

  • Anceaux, Johannes C. 1987. Wolio Dictionary (Wolio-English-Indonesian) / Kamus Bahasa Wolio (Wolio-Inggeris-Indonesia). Dordrecht: Foris.


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɹɔɪl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪl

Etymology 1

Middle English broillen, brulen (to broil, cook), from Anglo-Norman bruiller, broiller (to broil, roast), Old French brusler, bruller (to broil, roast, char), a blend of two Old French verbs:

  • bruir (to burn), from Frankish *brōjan (to burn, scald)
  • usler (to scorch), from Latin ustulō (to scorch)

Verb

broil (third-person singular simple present broils, present participle broiling, simple past and past participle broiled)

  1. (transitive, Canada, US) To cook by direct, radiant heat.
    Synonym: (British) grill
  2. (transitive, Canada, US) To expose to great heat.
  3. (intransitive, Canada, US) To be exposed to great heat.
Translations

Noun

broil (plural broils)

  1. Food prepared by broiling.

Etymology 2

Middle English broilen (to quarrel, present in disorder), from Anglo-Norman broiller (to mix up), from Vulgar Latin *brodiculāre (to jumble together) from *brodum (broth, stew), from Frankish *broþ (broth), from Proto-Germanic *bruþą (broth).

Alternative forms

  • broyl (obsolete)

Verb

broil (third-person singular simple present broils, present participle broiling, simple past and past participle broiled)

  1. (transitive) To cause a rowdy disturbance; embroil.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To brawl.

Noun

broil (plural broils)

  1. (archaic) A brawl; a rowdy disturbance.
    • 1819, John Keats, Otho the Great, Act I, verses 1-2
      So, I am safe emerged from these broils! / Amid the wreck of thousands I am whole
    • 1820, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe, Chapter 27
      “Away with this prating dotard,” said Front-de Boeuf, “lock him up in the chapel, to tell his beads till the broil be over. It will be a new thing to the saints in Torquilstone to hear aves and paters; they have not been so honoured, I trow, since they were cut out of stone.”
    • 1840, Robert Chambers, William Chambers, Chambers’s Edinburgh Journal (volume 8, page 382)
      Since the provinces declared their independence, broils and squabblings of one sort and another have greatly retarded the advancement which they might otherwise have made.
    • 1756, Edmund Burke, A Vindication of Natural Society
      I will own that there is a haughtiness and fierceness in human nature which will cause innumerable broils, place men in what situation you please.
Synonyms
  • skirmish
Translations

Anagrams

  • LIBOR, libro-

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