ball vs clod what difference

what is difference between ball and clod

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bôl, IPA(key): /bɔːl/
  • (Canada, cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /bɑl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːl
  • Homophone: bawl

Etymology 1

From Middle English bal, ball, balle, from Old English *beall, *bealla (round object, ball) or Old Norse bǫllr (a ball), both from Proto-Germanic *balluz, *ballô (ball), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰoln- (bubble), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to blow, inflate, swell). Cognate with Old Saxon ball, Dutch bal, Old High German bal, ballo (German Ball (ball); Ballen (bale)). Related forms in Romance are borrowings from Germanic. See also balloon, bale.

Noun

ball (countable and uncountable, plural balls)

  1. A solid or hollow sphere, or roughly spherical mass.
    1. A quantity of string, thread, etc., wound into a spherical shape.
    2. (ballistics, firearms) A solid, spherical nonexplosive missile for a cannon, rifle, gun, etc.
      1. A jacketed non-expanding bullet, typically of military origin.
      2. (uncountable, obsolete) Such bullets collectively.
        • 1659, Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, England’s Confusion, London, p. 7,[1]
          [] the Good Old Cause, which, as they seemed to represent it, smelt of Gunpowder and ball []
        • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, London: W. Taylor, p. 294,[2]
          I gave each of them a Musket with a Firelock on it, and about eight Charges of Powder and Ball, charging them to be very good Husbands of both, and not to use either of them but upon urgent Occasion.
        • 1803, Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, Letter 5, p. 148,[3]
          [] some headstrong Maroons were using a soldier of Captain Craskell’s ill, and compelling him to write to his commander, that it was too late to do any thing good, and that they wanted nothing, having got plenty of powder and ball []
    3. A roundish protuberant portion of some part of the body.
    4. (anatomy) The front of the bottom of the foot, just behind the toes.
    5. The globe; the earthly sphere.
      • c. 1712′, Joseph Addison, Ode to the Creator of the World
        What, though in solemn Silence, all
        Move round the dark terrestrial Ball!
      • 1717, Alexander Pope, “Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady”
        Thus, if eternal Justice rules the ball, / Thus shall your wives, and thus your children fall;
    6. (mathematics) The set of points in a metric space lying within a given distance (the radius) of a given point; specifically, the homologue of the disk in a Euclidean space of any number of dimensions.
    7. (mathematics, more generally) The set of points in a topological space lying within some open set containing a given point; the analogue of the disk in a Euclidean space.
    8. An object, generally spherical, used for playing games in which it may be thrown, caught, kicked, etc.
  2. (sports) A round or ellipsoidal object.
    1. Any sport or game involving a ball.
    2. (baseball) A pitch that falls outside of the strike zone.
    3. (pinball) An opportunity to launch the pinball into play.
    4. (cricket) A single delivery by the bowler, six of which make up an over.
    5. (soccer) A pass; a kick of the football towards a teammate.
  3. (mildly vulgar, slang, usually in the plural) A testicle.
    1. (in the plural) Nonsense.
    2. (in the plural) Courage.
  4. (printing, historical) A leather-covered cushion, fastened to a handle called a ballstock; formerly used by printers for inking the form, then superseded by the roller.
  5. (farriery, historical) A large pill, a form in which medicine was given to horses; a bolus.
    • 1842, James White, A compendium of the veterinary art
      The laxative alterative has not this advantage, the aloes, of which it is composed, being extremely bitter, and therefore requiring to be given in the form of a ball.
Synonyms
  • sphere
  • globe
  • (testicle): See Thesaurus:testicle
  • (nonsense): See Thesaurus:nonsense
  • (courage): chutzpah, guts, nerve
Derived terms

(solid or hollow sphere):

(testicle):

Translations

Verb

ball (third-person singular simple present balls, present participle balling, simple past and past participle balled)

  1. (transitive) To form or wind into a ball.
    Synonyms: roll up, wad
  2. (metalworking) To heat in a furnace and form into balls for rolling.
  3. (transitive, vulgar) To have sexual intercourse with.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:copulate with
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To gather balls which cling to the feet, as of damp snow or clay; to gather into balls.
  5. (slang, usually in present participle) To be hip or cool.
  6. (nonstandard, slang) To play basketball.
  7. (transitive) To punish by affixing a ball and chain.
    • 1865, Camp Sumpter, Andersonville National Historic Site, Rules and Regulations of the Prison
      any man refusing to do police duty will be punished by the sergts by balling him the rest of the day.
Translations

Interjection

ball

  1. (Australian rules football) An appeal by the crowd for holding the ball against a tackled player. This is heard almost any time an opposition player is tackled, without regard to whether the rules about “prior opportunity” to dispose of the ball are fulfilled.

Etymology 2

From Middle French bal, from Middle French baler (to dance), from Old French baller, from Late Latin ballō (to dance).

Noun

ball (plural balls)

  1. A formal dance.
  2. (informal) A very enjoyable time.
    Synonyms: blast, whale of a time
  3. A competitive event among young African-American and Latin American LGBTQ+ people in which prizes are awarded for drag and similar performances. See ball culture.
Derived terms
Related terms
  • ballad
  • ballade
Translations

Catalan

Etymology

From French bal (a dance)

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈbaʎ/
  • Rhymes: -aʎ

Noun

ball m (plural balls)

  1. dance
  2. ball, formal dance

Synonyms

  • dansa

Derived terms

  • ball de bastons

Related terms

  • ballar

Crimean Tatar

Etymology

Borrowed from French balle (ball).

Noun

ball

  1. estimation, score

Declension

References

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[5], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Icelandic

Etymology

From French bal (a dance)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /palː/
  • Rhymes: -alː

Noun

ball n (genitive singular balls, nominative plural böll)

  1. dance

Declension


Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish ball, from Proto-Celtic *ballos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to blow, swell, inflate); compare English ball, Greek φαλλός (phallós, penis).

Pronunciation

  • (Munster) IPA(key): /bˠəul̪ˠ/
  • (Galway) IPA(key): /bˠɑːl̪ˠ/
  • (Mayo) IPA(key): /bˠal̪ˠ/
  • (Ulster) IPA(key): /bˠal̪ˠ/

Noun

ball m (genitive singular baill, nominative plural baill)

  1. (anatomy) organ
  2. component part
  3. member
  4. article
  5. spot, place
  6. spot, mark
  7. (sets) element, member

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

References

  • “ball” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ball”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English *beall.

Noun

ball

  1. Alternative form of bal

Etymology 2

Probably from Old French bale.

Noun

ball

  1. Alternative form of bale (bale)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bǫllr.

Noun

ball m (definite singular ballen, indefinite plural baller, definite plural ballene)

  1. ball (solid or hollow sphere)
  2. ball (object, usually spherical, used for playing games)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French bal.

Noun

ball n (definite singular ballet, indefinite plural ball or baller, definite plural balla or ballene)

  1. ball (formal social occasion involving dancing)
Derived terms
  • ballkjole
  • ballsal

References

  • “ball” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bǫllr.

Noun

ball m (definite singular ballen, indefinite plural ballar, definite plural ballane)

  1. a ball (solid or hollow sphere)
  2. a ball (object, usually spherical, used for playing games)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French bal.

Noun

ball n (definite singular ballet, indefinite plural ball, definite plural balla)

  1. ball (formal social occasion involving dancing)
Derived terms
  • ballkjole
  • ballsal

References

  • “ball” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *ballos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bal͈/

Noun

ball m

  1. a body part
  2. member of a group
  3. part, portion
  4. a colored spot

Declension

Descendants

  • Irish: ball
  • Scottish Gaelic: ball

Mutation

Further reading

  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ball”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From Old Irish ball m (limb, member, organ; member of community; part, portion, piece; article, object; place, spot; passage (of a book); spot, mark, blemish) (compare Irish ball), from Proto-Celtic *ballo-, from Proto-Indo-European *bhel- (to blow, swell, inflate) (compare English ball, Ancient Greek φαλλός (phallós, penis)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paul̪ˠ/

Noun

ball m (genitive singular buill, plural buill)

  1. ball
  2. member (of a group)
  3. article, item
  4. (anatomy) organ; limb

Derived terms

  • ball-coise (football, soccer)
  • ball-basgaid (basketball)
  • ball-beusa (baseball)
  • ball-stèidhe (baseball)
  • ball-bholaidh (volleyball)
  • ball-goilf (golf ball)
  • Ball Pàrlamaid, BP (Member of Parliament, MP)
  • ballrachd (membership)
  • BPA

Mutation

References

  • “ball” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ball”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Swedish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbalː/

Adjective

ball

  1. (slang) cool, hip, fun, entertaining
    Synonym: cool

Declension


English

Etymology

From Middle English clod, a late by-form of clot, from Old English clot, from Proto-West Germanic *klott (mass, ball, clump). Compare clot and cloud; cognate to Dutch klodde (rag) and kloot (clod).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /klɒd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /klɑd/
  • Rhymes: -ɒd, -ɑːd

Noun

clod (plural clods)

  1. A lump of something, especially of earth or clay.
    • 1600, Edward Fairfax (translator), originally published in 1581 by Torquato Tasso, s:Jerusalem Delivered
      clods of blood
    • 1903, Warwick Deeping, Uther and Igraine
      As for yon clod of clay, we will bury it later, lest it should pollute so goodly a pool.
    • 1906, Mark Twain, Eve’s Diary
      One of the clods took it back of the ear, and it used language. It gave me a thrill, for it was the first time I had ever heard speech, except my own.
    • 2010, Clare Vanderpool, Moon Over Manifest
      “What a bunch of hooey,” I said under my breath, tossing a dirt clod over my shoulder against the locked-up garden shed.
  2. The ground; the earth; a spot of earth or turf.
    • 1723, Jonathan Swift, Pethox the Great
      the clod where once their sultan’s horse hath trod
  3. A stupid person; a dolt.
    • 1906, Robert Barr, The Triumphs of Eugène Valmont
      ‘What was its number?’
      ‘I don’t know, sir.’
      ‘You clod! Why didn’t you call one of our men, whoever was nearest, and leave him to shadow the American while you followed the cab?’
    • 1986 February 14, Bill Watterson, Calvin and Hobbes
      So here’s a valentine for you, you insensitive clod!!
    • 1998, Chickenpox (episode of South Park TV series)
      Gerald Broflovski: You see Kyle, we humans work as a society, and in order for a society to thrive, we need gods and clods.
    • 2015, “Jail Break” (episode of Steven Universe TV series)
      Peridot: Don’t touch that! You clods don’t know what you’re doing!
  4. Part of a shoulder of beef, or of the neck piece near the shoulder.

Translations

Verb

clod (third-person singular simple present clods, present participle clodding, simple past and past participle clodded)

  1. (transitive) To pelt with clods.
    • 1906, Mark Twain, Eve’s Diary
      “When I went there yesterday evening in the gloaming it had crept down and was trying to catch the little speckled fishes that play in the pool, and I had to clod it to make it go up the tree again and let them alone.”
    • 1959, Louis L’Amour, The First Fast Draw
      when I came out and started to hoist it to the mule’s back they rushed at me and jerked my suspenders down and then they clodded me with chunks of dirt
  2. (transitive, Scotland) To throw violently; to hurl.
  3. To collect into clods, or into a thick mass; to coagulate; to clot.
    • 1610, Template:Giles Fletcher, Christ’s Victorie and Triumph
      Clodded in lumps of clay.

References

clod in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • cold, loc’d

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • clodd, clodde, cludde

Etymology

A late by-form of clot of unclear provenance. Compare Old English *clod, a form of clot found in compounds and placenames.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /klɔd/

Noun

clod (plural cloddes)

  1. A clod; a ball of earth or clay.
  2. (rare) A clot or clump of blood.
  3. (rare) A shoulder of beef.

Derived terms

  • clodred
  • clodden
  • cloddre

Descendants

  • English: clod
  • Scots: clod

References

  • “clod, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *klod, from Proto-Celtic *klutom (rumour; fame), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (heard, famous) (whence also clywed (to hear)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kloːd/

Noun

clod m (plural clodydd)

  1. praise, renown, credit
  2. distinction (in exam results)

Derived terms

  • anghlod (dispraise)
  • canu clodydd (to sing the praises of)
  • clodfawr (famous, renowned)
  • clodwiw (praiseworthy)

Mutation

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “clod”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

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