ball vs lump what difference

what is difference between ball and lump

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bôl, IPA(key): /bɔːl/
  • (Canada, cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /bɑl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːl
  • Homophone: bawl

Etymology 1

From Middle English bal, ball, balle, from Old English *beall, *bealla (round object, ball) or Old Norse bǫllr (a ball), both from Proto-Germanic *balluz, *ballô (ball), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰoln- (bubble), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to blow, inflate, swell). Cognate with Old Saxon ball, Dutch bal, Old High German bal, ballo (German Ball (ball); Ballen (bale)). Related forms in Romance are borrowings from Germanic. See also balloon, bale.

Noun

ball (countable and uncountable, plural balls)

  1. A solid or hollow sphere, or roughly spherical mass.
    1. A quantity of string, thread, etc., wound into a spherical shape.
    2. (ballistics, firearms) A solid, spherical nonexplosive missile for a cannon, rifle, gun, etc.
      1. A jacketed non-expanding bullet, typically of military origin.
      2. (uncountable, obsolete) Such bullets collectively.
        • 1659, Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, England’s Confusion, London, p. 7,[1]
          [] the Good Old Cause, which, as they seemed to represent it, smelt of Gunpowder and ball []
        • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, London: W. Taylor, p. 294,[2]
          I gave each of them a Musket with a Firelock on it, and about eight Charges of Powder and Ball, charging them to be very good Husbands of both, and not to use either of them but upon urgent Occasion.
        • 1803, Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, Letter 5, p. 148,[3]
          [] some headstrong Maroons were using a soldier of Captain Craskell’s ill, and compelling him to write to his commander, that it was too late to do any thing good, and that they wanted nothing, having got plenty of powder and ball []
    3. A roundish protuberant portion of some part of the body.
    4. (anatomy) The front of the bottom of the foot, just behind the toes.
    5. The globe; the earthly sphere.
      • c. 1712′, Joseph Addison, Ode to the Creator of the World
        What, though in solemn Silence, all
        Move round the dark terrestrial Ball!
      • 1717, Alexander Pope, “Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady”
        Thus, if eternal Justice rules the ball, / Thus shall your wives, and thus your children fall;
    6. (mathematics) The set of points in a metric space lying within a given distance (the radius) of a given point; specifically, the homologue of the disk in a Euclidean space of any number of dimensions.
    7. (mathematics, more generally) The set of points in a topological space lying within some open set containing a given point; the analogue of the disk in a Euclidean space.
    8. An object, generally spherical, used for playing games in which it may be thrown, caught, kicked, etc.
  2. (sports) A round or ellipsoidal object.
    1. Any sport or game involving a ball.
    2. (baseball) A pitch that falls outside of the strike zone.
    3. (pinball) An opportunity to launch the pinball into play.
    4. (cricket) A single delivery by the bowler, six of which make up an over.
    5. (soccer) A pass; a kick of the football towards a teammate.
  3. (mildly vulgar, slang, usually in the plural) A testicle.
    1. (in the plural) Nonsense.
    2. (in the plural) Courage.
  4. (printing, historical) A leather-covered cushion, fastened to a handle called a ballstock; formerly used by printers for inking the form, then superseded by the roller.
  5. (farriery, historical) A large pill, a form in which medicine was given to horses; a bolus.
    • 1842, James White, A compendium of the veterinary art
      The laxative alterative has not this advantage, the aloes, of which it is composed, being extremely bitter, and therefore requiring to be given in the form of a ball.
Synonyms
  • sphere
  • globe
  • (testicle): See Thesaurus:testicle
  • (nonsense): See Thesaurus:nonsense
  • (courage): chutzpah, guts, nerve
Derived terms

(solid or hollow sphere):

(testicle):

Translations

Verb

ball (third-person singular simple present balls, present participle balling, simple past and past participle balled)

  1. (transitive) To form or wind into a ball.
    Synonyms: roll up, wad
  2. (metalworking) To heat in a furnace and form into balls for rolling.
  3. (transitive, vulgar) To have sexual intercourse with.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:copulate with
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To gather balls which cling to the feet, as of damp snow or clay; to gather into balls.
  5. (slang, usually in present participle) To be hip or cool.
  6. (nonstandard, slang) To play basketball.
  7. (transitive) To punish by affixing a ball and chain.
    • 1865, Camp Sumpter, Andersonville National Historic Site, Rules and Regulations of the Prison
      any man refusing to do police duty will be punished by the sergts by balling him the rest of the day.
Translations

Interjection

ball

  1. (Australian rules football) An appeal by the crowd for holding the ball against a tackled player. This is heard almost any time an opposition player is tackled, without regard to whether the rules about “prior opportunity” to dispose of the ball are fulfilled.

Etymology 2

From Middle French bal, from Middle French baler (to dance), from Old French baller, from Late Latin ballō (to dance).

Noun

ball (plural balls)

  1. A formal dance.
  2. (informal) A very enjoyable time.
    Synonyms: blast, whale of a time
  3. A competitive event among young African-American and Latin American LGBTQ+ people in which prizes are awarded for drag and similar performances. See ball culture.
Derived terms
Related terms
  • ballad
  • ballade
Translations

Catalan

Etymology

From French bal (a dance)

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈbaʎ/
  • Rhymes: -aʎ

Noun

ball m (plural balls)

  1. dance
  2. ball, formal dance

Synonyms

  • dansa

Derived terms

  • ball de bastons

Related terms

  • ballar

Crimean Tatar

Etymology

Borrowed from French balle (ball).

Noun

ball

  1. estimation, score

Declension

References

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[5], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Icelandic

Etymology

From French bal (a dance)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /palː/
  • Rhymes: -alː

Noun

ball n (genitive singular balls, nominative plural böll)

  1. dance

Declension


Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish ball, from Proto-Celtic *ballos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to blow, swell, inflate); compare English ball, Greek φαλλός (phallós, penis).

Pronunciation

  • (Munster) IPA(key): /bˠəul̪ˠ/
  • (Galway) IPA(key): /bˠɑːl̪ˠ/
  • (Mayo) IPA(key): /bˠal̪ˠ/
  • (Ulster) IPA(key): /bˠal̪ˠ/

Noun

ball m (genitive singular baill, nominative plural baill)

  1. (anatomy) organ
  2. component part
  3. member
  4. article
  5. spot, place
  6. spot, mark
  7. (sets) element, member

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

References

  • “ball” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ball”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English *beall.

Noun

ball

  1. Alternative form of bal

Etymology 2

Probably from Old French bale.

Noun

ball

  1. Alternative form of bale (bale)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bǫllr.

Noun

ball m (definite singular ballen, indefinite plural baller, definite plural ballene)

  1. ball (solid or hollow sphere)
  2. ball (object, usually spherical, used for playing games)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French bal.

Noun

ball n (definite singular ballet, indefinite plural ball or baller, definite plural balla or ballene)

  1. ball (formal social occasion involving dancing)
Derived terms
  • ballkjole
  • ballsal

References

  • “ball” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bǫllr.

Noun

ball m (definite singular ballen, indefinite plural ballar, definite plural ballane)

  1. a ball (solid or hollow sphere)
  2. a ball (object, usually spherical, used for playing games)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French bal.

Noun

ball n (definite singular ballet, indefinite plural ball, definite plural balla)

  1. ball (formal social occasion involving dancing)
Derived terms
  • ballkjole
  • ballsal

References

  • “ball” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *ballos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bal͈/

Noun

ball m

  1. a body part
  2. member of a group
  3. part, portion
  4. a colored spot

Declension

Descendants

  • Irish: ball
  • Scottish Gaelic: ball

Mutation

Further reading

  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ball”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From Old Irish ball m (limb, member, organ; member of community; part, portion, piece; article, object; place, spot; passage (of a book); spot, mark, blemish) (compare Irish ball), from Proto-Celtic *ballo-, from Proto-Indo-European *bhel- (to blow, swell, inflate) (compare English ball, Ancient Greek φαλλός (phallós, penis)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /paul̪ˠ/

Noun

ball m (genitive singular buill, plural buill)

  1. ball
  2. member (of a group)
  3. article, item
  4. (anatomy) organ; limb

Derived terms

  • ball-coise (football, soccer)
  • ball-basgaid (basketball)
  • ball-beusa (baseball)
  • ball-stèidhe (baseball)
  • ball-bholaidh (volleyball)
  • ball-goilf (golf ball)
  • Ball Pàrlamaid, BP (Member of Parliament, MP)
  • ballrachd (membership)
  • BPA

Mutation

References

  • “ball” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ball”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Swedish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbalː/

Adjective

ball

  1. (slang) cool, hip, fun, entertaining
    Synonym: cool

Declension


English

Etymology

From Middle English lumpe. Compare Dutch lomp (rag), German Low German Lump (rag), German Lumpen (rag) and Lump (ragamuffin).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lʌmp/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp

Noun

lump (plural lumps)

  1. Something that protrudes, sticks out, or sticks together; a cluster or blob; a mound or mass of no particular shape.
    Stir the gravy until there are no more lumps.
    a lump of coal; a lump of clay; a lump of cheese
  2. A swelling or nodule of tissue under the skin or in an internal part of the body.
  3. A group, set, or unit.
    The money arrived all at once as one big lump sum payment.
  4. A small, shaped mass of sugar, typically about a teaspoonful.
    Do you want one lump or two with your coffee?
  5. A dull or lazy person.
    Don’t just sit there like a lump.
  6. (informal, as plural) A beating or verbal abuse.
    He’s taken his lumps over the years.
  7. A projection beneath the breech end of a gun barrel.
  8. A kind of fish, the lumpsucker.
  9. (obsolete, slang) Food given to a tramp to be eaten on the road.
    • 1923, Arthur Preston Hankins, Cole of Spyglass Mountain, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, Chapter 12,[1]
      “A lump,” explained The Whimperer [] “is wot a kin’ lady slips youse w’en youse batter de back door. If she invites youse in and lets youse t’row yer feet unner de table, it’s a set-down. If she slips youse a lunch in a poiper bag, it’s a lump. See? []

Hyponyms

  • nubble

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

lump (third-person singular simple present lumps, present participle lumping, simple past and past participle lumped)

  1. (transitive) To treat as a single unit; to group together in a casual or chaotic manner (as if forming an ill-defined lump of the items).
  2. (transitive) To bear a heavy or awkward burden; to carry something unwieldy from one place to another.
    • 1876, Belgravia (volume 30, page 131)
      Well, a male body was brought to a certain surgeon by a man he had often employed, and the pair lumped it down on the dissecting table, and then the vendor received his money and went.
  3. (transitive, slang) To hit or strike (a person).
    • 1962, Floyd Patterson, Victory Over Myself (page 63)
      If that’s the only way you can fight, then you’d better be prepared to get lumped.

Derived terms

  • lump together

Translations

See also

  • take one’s lumps
  • lump it
  • like it or lump it

Further reading

  • lump in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • lump in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Plum, plum

Czech

Etymology

From German Lump.

Noun

lump m

  1. scoundrel, rascal

Synonyms

  • See also darebák

Related terms

  • ničemný

Further reading

  • lump in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lump in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French

Etymology

From English lumpfish.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lœ̃p/

Noun

lump m (plural lumps)

  1. lumpfish

References

  • “lump” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Hungarian

Etymology

From German Lump.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈlump]
  • Hyphenation: lump
  • Rhymes: -ump

Adjective

lump (comparative lumpabb, superlative leglumpabb)

  1. rakish, dissolute, debauched (regularly engaging in late night drunken social gatherings)
    Synonyms: korhely, mulatós, kicsapongó, italos, részeges

Declension

Derived terms

  • lumpol

Noun

lump (plural lumpok)

  1. (colloquial, derogatory, chiefly of a man) rascal, carouser, roisterer, raver, drunkard (a person who regularly attends late night drunken social gatherings)

Declension

References

Further reading

  • lump in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Polish

Etymology

From German Lump.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lump/

Noun

lump m pers

  1. (colloquial, derogatory) ne’er-do-well

Declension

Noun

lump m inan

  1. (Poznań) clothing
  2. (colloquial) Clipping of lumpeks.

Further reading

  • lump in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial