ban vs prohibition what difference

what is difference between ban and prohibition

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /bæn/
  • (æ-tensing) IPA(key): [bɛən], [beən]
  • Rhymes: -æn

Etymology 1

From Middle English bannen (to summon; to banish; to curse), partly from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out) and partly from Old Norse banna (to prohibit; to curse), both from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (to proclaim, to order; to summon; to ban; to curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-new-ti ~ bʰh₂-n̥w-énti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade athematic present of *bʰeh₂- (to say).

Cognate with Dutch bannen (to ban, exile, discard), German bannen (to exile, to exorcise, captivate, excommunicate), Swedish banna (to ban, scold), Vedic Sanskrit भनति (bhánati), Armenian բան (ban) and perhaps Albanian banoj (to reside, dwell). See also banal, abandon.

Verb

ban (third-person singular simple present bans, present participle banning, simple past and past participle banned)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To summon; to call out.
  2. (transitive) To anathematize; to pronounce an ecclesiastical curse upon; to place under a ban.
  3. (transitive) To curse; to execrate.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  4. (transitive) To prohibit; to interdict; to proscribe; to forbid or block from participation.
    • 1816, Lord Byron, The Prisoner of Chillon
      To whom the goodly earth and air Are banned
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To curse; to utter curses or maledictions.
    • {RQ:Scott Waverley|passage=:“I seldom ban, sir,” said he to the man; “but if you play any of your hound’s-foot tricks, and leave puir Berwick before he’s sorted, to rin after spuilzie, deil be wi’ me if I do not give your craig a thraw”
Synonyms
  • forbid
  • prohibit
  • disallow
Derived terms
  • forban
Translations

Noun

ban (plural bans)

  1. Prohibition.
  2. A public proclamation or edict; a summons by public proclamation. Chiefly, in early use, a summons to arms.
    Bans is common and ordinary amongst the Feudists, and signifies a proclamation, or any public notice.
  3. The gathering of the (French) king’s vassals for war; the whole body of vassals so assembled, or liable to be summoned; originally, the same as arrière-ban: in the 16th c., French usage created a distinction between ban and arrière-ban, for which see the latter word.
    He has sent abroad to assemble his ban and arriere ban.
    The Ban and the Arrierban are met armed in the field to choose a king.
    France was at such a Pinch..that they call’d their Ban and Arriere Ban, the assembling whereof had been long discussed, and in a manner antiquated.
    The ban was sometimes convoked, that is, the possessors of the fiefs were called upon for military services.
    The act of calling together the vassals in armed array, was entitled ‘convoking the ban.
  4. (obsolete) A curse or anathema.
  5. A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban, such as a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.
Related terms
  • black ban
  • total fire ban
Translations

See also

  • banns

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Romanian ban of uncertain origin, perhaps from Serbo-Croatian bân.

Noun

ban (plural bani)

  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Romanian leu.
  2. A subdivision of currency, equal to one hundredth of a Moldovan leu.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Banburismus; coined by Alan Turing.

Noun

ban (plural bans)

  1. A unit measuring information or entropy based on base-ten logarithms, rather than the base-two logarithms that define the bit.
Synonyms
  • dit, hartley
Derived terms
  • deciban
See also
  • bit, nat, qubit

Etymology 4

From South Slavic (compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

Noun

ban (plural bans)

  1. A title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
Related terms
  • banat, banate, Banat
Translations

Anagrams

  • -nab, -nab-, ABN, BNA, NAB, NBA, nab, nab-

Bambara

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [bã˦]

Verb

ban

  1. to finish

References

  • 2007. The UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Department of Linguistics.

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈban/

Etymology 1

Noun

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (a public proclamation or edict)
Derived terms
  • bandejar

Etymology 2

Noun

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (a title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century)
Derived terms
  • banat

Further reading

  • “ban” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “ban” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “ban” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “ban” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Chibcha

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /βan/

Noun

ban

  1. shame, sorrow, outrage

References

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.
  • Quesada Pacheco, Miguel Ángel. 1991. El vocabulario mosco de 1612. En estudios de Lingüística Chibcha. Programa de investigación del departamento de lingüística de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Serie Anual Tomo X San José (Costa Rica). Universidad de Costa Rica.
  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico Gramática de Lugo. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

Dutch

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch ban. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑn/
  • Hyphenation: ban
  • Rhymes: -ɑn

Noun

ban m (plural bannen)

  1. excommunication, denunciation, shunning
  2. anathema which is cast upon one who is excommunicated
  3. magic spell
  4. (historical) legal or feudal domain
  5. (historical) public declaration
  6. (archaic) exile
Derived terms
  • balling
  • banneling
  • huwelijksban
Related terms
  • banaal

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English ban.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛn/
  • Hyphenation: ban
  • Rhymes: -ɛn
  • Homophone: ben

Noun

ban m (plural bans)

  1. a revocation of permission to access or participate
    Synonym: toegangsverbod
Usage notes

Mostly common within internet communities.

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑn/

Verb

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛn/

Verb

ban

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bannen
  2. imperative of bannen

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑ̃/
  • Homophones: banc, bancs, bans

Etymology 1

From Old French ban, from Frankish *ban.

Noun

ban m (plural bans)

  1. (dated) public declaration
  2. (dated) announcement of a marriage; banns
  3. (East of France, Belgium) territory
Derived terms
  • arrière-ban
  • en rupture de ban
  • mettre au ban

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian bȃn. See English ban.

Noun

ban m (plural bans)

  1. ban (nobleman)

Further reading

  • “ban” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Haitian Creole

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

ban

  1. give

Synonyms

  • ba
  • bay

Iberian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ban]

Numeral

ban

  1. A particle interpreted as the numeral ‘one’ by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer, and compared to Basque bat (one).

Further reading

  • Eduardo Orduña [Aznar], Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco
  • Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

Indonesian

Etymology 1

  • From Dutch band, from Middle Dutch bant.
  • The sense band is a semantic loan from English band.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈban]
  • Hyphenation: ban

Noun

ban (first-person possessive banku, second-person possessive banmu, third-person possessive bannya)

  1. tyre, tire.
  2. tape
    Synonym: pita
  3. belt
    Synonyms: ikat pinggang, sabuk
  4. (physics) band, a part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
    Synonym: pita

Derived terms

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Dutch baan, from Middle Dutch bāne, from Old Dutch *bana, from Proto-Germanic *banō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈban]
  • Hyphenation: ban

Noun

ban (first-person possessive banku, second-person possessive banmu, third-person possessive bannya)

  1. a road, way, path
    Synonyms: jalan, jalur
  2. a track, lane
    Synonym: lintasan
  3. (sports, ball games) court, field (place for playing sports or games, in particular non-team ball games)

Etymology 3

From English ban.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛn]
  • Hyphenation: ban

Noun

ban

  1. (Internet slang) a ban
    Synonym: blok

Verb

ban

  1. (Internet slang) to ban
    Synonym: blokir

Further reading

  • “ban” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ban]

Noun

ban f pl

  1. genitive plural of bean

Mutation

References

  • “ban” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Japanese

Romanization

ban

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バン

Maguindanao

Noun

ban

  1. sneeze

Mandarin

Romanization

ban

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of bǎn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bàn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun

Noun

ban (Raguileo spelling)

  1. death

Verb

ban (Raguileo spelling)

  1. To die.
  2. first-person singular realis form of ban; I died; I have died.

Conjugation

References

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Maranao

Verb

ban

  1. to sneeze

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English bana.

Noun

ban

  1. Alternative form of bane

Etymology 2

From Old English bān.

Noun

ban

  1. Alternative form of bon

Min Nan


Northern Kurdish

Etymology

Related to Persian بام(bâm).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑːn/

Noun

ban ?

  1. roof

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

ban

  1. imperative of bane (Etymology 3)

O’odham

Etymology

Cognate with Southeastern Tepehuan bhan, Northern Tepehuan bánai.

Noun

ban (plural ba꞉ban)

  1. coyote

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *bain, Proto-Germanic *bainą.

Cognate with Old Frisian bēn (West Frisian bien), Old Saxon bēn (Low German been, bein), Dutch been (bone, leg), Old High German bein (German Bein (leg)), Old Norse bein (Icelandic bein (bone)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑːn/

Noun

bān n (nominative plural bān)

  1. bone

Declension

Derived terms

  • bānhūs
  • bānlēas
  • hryċġbān
  • sċinbān

Descendants

  • Middle English: bon, ban, bone, bane, boon
    • English: bone
      • Geordie English: byen
    • Scots: bane, bean, bain
    • Yola: bane

Old Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ban/

Noun

ban

  1. genitive dual/plural of ben

Verb

ban

  1. first-person plural imperative of is

Alternative forms

  • baán

Mutation


Phalura

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ban/

Adjective

ban (invariable, Perso-Arabic spelling بن)

  1. closed
  2. blocked, stopped

Alternative forms

  • band

References

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[1], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ban/

Etymology 1

From Romanian ban.

Noun

ban m anim

  1. ban (subdivision of currency)
Declension

Etymology 2

From English ban, from Middle English bannen (to summon; to bannish; to curse), partly from Old English bannan (to summon, command, proclaim, call out) and partly from Old Norse banna (to prohibit; to curse), both from Proto-Germanic *bannaną (to proclaim, to order; to summon; to ban; to curse, forbid), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-new-ti ~ bʰh₂-n̥w-énti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade athematic present of *bʰeh₂- (to say).

Noun

ban m anim

  1. (Internet) ban
Declension
Derived terms
  • (verbs) banować, zbanować

Etymology 3

From Serbo-Croatian ban, from Late Proto-Slavic *banъ, from Turkic.

Noun

ban m pers

  1. ban (title used in several states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century)
Declension

Further reading

  • ban in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Etymology

Unknown. Perhaps from Medieval Latin *bannus (communication), perhaps through a German intermediate. Other theories derive the word from Proto-Slavic *banъ (master, lord) (via Serbo-Croatian or Hungarian). Ultimate Mongolian origin (баян (bayan, rich lord; plutocrat)) has also been proposed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ban/

Noun

ban m (plural bani)

  1. money; coin
  2. ban (unit of currency, one hundredth of a leu)

Usage notes

Usually used in the plural form, bani

Declension

See also

  • bancnotă (paper money, bank note)
  • monedă

References


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Late Proto-Slavic *banъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bâːn/
  • Rhymes: -âːn

Noun

bȃn m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑н)

  1. ban (title)

Declension


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɓaːn˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɓaːŋ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɓaːŋ˧˧]

Etymology 1

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun

ban

  1. (historical) branch of administration in the feudal court (of which there are two types: the civil administrators and the martial office holders)
  2. group (of people doing the same work); band; board; squad; committee
  3. shift; work period
  4. (only in compounds) time period; section of the day
    Synonym: buổi
  5. (dated) (college-level) subject; (academic) department

Etymology 2

Noun

(classifier cây, hoa) ban

  1. orchid tree (Bauhinia variegata)

Etymology 3

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun

ban

  1. (medicine) rash

Etymology 4

Noun

ban

  1. (Central Vietnam) ball

Etymology 5

Noun

ban

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of pan

Etymology 6

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Verb

ban

  1. (archaic) to confer on; to bestow
  2. (archaic) to announce; to herald; to proclaim

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from French bain.

Noun

ban (nominative plural bans)

  1. bath

Declension

Derived terms

  • banön

Welsh

Etymology

From Middle Welsh bann, from Proto-Brythonic *bann, from Proto-Celtic *bandā.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ban/

Noun

ban m (plural bannau or bannoedd)

  1. peak

Derived terms

  • Pen y Fan
  • Bannau Brycheiniog (Brecon Beacons)

Mutation

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ban”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yagara

Adjective

ban

  1. dirty
  2. nasty
  3. very angry

References

  • State Library of Queensland, ABORIGINAL LANGUAGES OF THE GREATER BRISBANE AREA, 16 March 2015.

Zazaki

Noun

ban

  1. dome, cupola
  2. room

Zou

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ban˧˩/

Noun

bàn

  1. arm

References

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41


English

Etymology

From Anglo-Norman and Old French prohibicion, from Latin prohibitiō.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌpɹəʊ(h)ɪˈbɪʃən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌpɹoʊ(h)ɪˈbɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -ɪʃən
  • Hyphenation: pro‧hi‧bi‧tion

Noun

prohibition (countable and uncountable, plural prohibitions)

  1. An act of prohibiting, forbidding, disallowing, or proscribing something.
  2. A law prohibiting the manufacture or sale of alcohol.
  3. A period of time when specific socially disapproved consumables are considered controlled substances.

Synonyms

  • forbode

Antonyms

  • permission

Related terms

  • prohibit

Translations


French

Etymology

First attested in Old French, borrowed from Latin prohibitiō

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pʁɔ.i.bi.sjɔ̃/

Noun

prohibition f (plural prohibitions)

  1. prohibition
    1. (specifically) prohibition of alcohol

Related terms

  • prohiber

Further reading

  • “prohibition” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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