barb vs shaft what difference

what is difference between barb and shaft

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑː(ɹ)b/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)b

Etymology 1

From Middle English barbe, from Middle French barbe, from Old French barbe (beard, beard-like element). Doublet of beard.

Noun

barb (plural barbs)

  1. The point that stands backward in an arrow, fishhook, etc., to prevent it from being easily extracted. Hence: Anything which stands out with a sharp point obliquely or crosswise to something else.
    • 1545, Roger Ascham, Toxophilus
      Having two barbs or points.
  2. (figuratively) A hurtful or disparaging remark.
  3. A beard, or that which resembles it, or grows in the place of it.
    • The barbel is so called [] by reason of his barbs, or wattles at his mouth.
  4. (ornithology) One of the many side branches of a feather, which collectively constitute the vane.
  5. (ichthyology) Any of various species of freshwater carp-like fish that have barbels and belong to the cyprinid family.
  6. (US) The sciaenid fish Menticirrhus americanus, found along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States.
    Synonyms: Carolina whiting, king whiting, southern kingcroaker, southern kingfish
  7. (botany) A hair or bristle ending in a double hook.
  8. (obsolete) A muffler, worn by nuns and mourners.
  9. Paps, or little projections, of the mucous membrane, which mark the opening of the submaxillary glands under the tongue in horses and cattle. The name is mostly applied when the barbs are inflamed and swollen.
    Synonyms: barbel, barble
  10. (obsolete) A bit for a horse.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  11. A plastic fastener, shaped roughly like a capital I (with serifs), used to attach socks etc. to their packaging.
Translations

Verb

barb (third-person singular simple present barbs, present participle barbing, simple past and past participle barbed)

  1. To furnish with barbs, or with that which will hold or hurt like barbs, as an arrow, fishhook, spear, etc.
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 6, lines 544-6, [2]
      [] for this day will pour down, / If I conjecture aught, no drizzling shower, / But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire.
    • 1944, Emily Carr, The House of All Sorts, “Meg the Worker,” [3]
      Her coat was a tangled mass, barbed with last year’s burs, matted disgustingly with cow dung.
  2. (Nigeria) To cut (hair).
  3. (obsolete) To shave or dress the beard of.
  4. (obsolete) To clip; to mow.
    • 1603, John Marston, The Malcontent
      The stooping scythe-man , that doth barb the field
Translations

Etymology 2

Clipping of Barbary.

Noun

barb (plural barbs)

  1. The Barbary horse, a superior breed introduced from Barbary into Spain by the Moors.
  2. A blackish or dun variety of pigeon, originally brought from Barbary.

Etymology 3

Clipping of barbiturate.

Noun

barb (plural barbs)

  1. (informal, pharmacology) A barbiturate.
    Coordinate term: benzo

Etymology 4

Corruption of bard.

Noun

barb (plural barbs)

  1. Armor for a horse.
    • 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 29:
      The defensive armor with the horses of the ancient knights … These are frequently, though improperly, stiled barbs.
Translations

Verb

barb (third-person singular simple present barbs, present participle barbing, simple past and past participle barbed)

  1. To cover a horse in armor.

Further reading

  • barb on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • barb (fish) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Barb in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Anagrams

  • BBAR, Rabb, abbr, abbr.

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈbaɾp/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈbarp/

Etymology 1

From Latin barbus.

Noun

barb m (plural barbs)

  1. barbel (freshwater fish of the genus Barbus)

Etymology 2

From Latin varus, influenced by barba (beard).

Noun

barb m (plural barbs)

  1. blackhead (skin blemish)

Further reading

  • “barb” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Manx

Etymology

From Old Irish borb (foolish, rude).

Adjective

barb (plural barbey, comparative barbey)

  1. sharp, drastic
  2. cruel, rough

Derived terms

  • neuvarb

Noun

barb m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. sharp point, javelin

Mutation


English

Etymology

From Middle English schaft, from Old English sċeaft, from Proto-Germanic *skaftaz. Cognate with Dutch schacht, German German Schaft, Swedish skaft.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ʃɑːft/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ʃæft/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːft

Noun

shaft (plural shafts)

  1. (obsolete) The entire body of a long weapon, such as an arrow.
    • c. 1343-1400,, Geoffrey Chaucer:
      His sleep, his meat, his drink, is him bereft, / That lean he wax, and dry as is a shaft.
    • c. 1515-1568,, Roger Ascham:
      A shaft hath three principal parts, the stele, the feathers, and the head.
  2. The long, narrow, central body of a spear, arrow, or javelin.
  3. (by extension) Anything cast or thrown as a spear or javelin.
    • c. 1608-1674,, John Milton:
      And the thunder, / Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage, / Perhaps hath spent his shafts.
    • c. 1752-1821,, Vicesimus Knox:
      Some kinds of literary pursuits [] have been attacked with all the shafts of ridicule.
  4. Any long thin object, such as the handle of a tool, one of the poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle, the driveshaft of a motorized vehicle with rear-wheel drive, an axle, etc.
  5. A beam or ray of light.
    • 1912, Willa Cather, The Bohemian Girl:
      They were a fine company of old women, and a Dutch painter would have loved to find them there together, where the sun made bright patches on the floor and sent long, quivering shafts of gold through the dusky shade up among the rafters.
  6. The main axis of a feather.
  7. (lacrosse) The long narrow body of a lacrosse stick.
  8. A vertical or inclined passage sunk into the earth as part of a mine
  9. A vertical passage housing a lift or elevator; a liftshaft.
  10. A ventilation or heating conduit; an air duct.
  11. (architecture) Any column or pillar, particularly the body of a column between its capital and pedestal.
    • c. 1803-1882,, Ralph Waldo Emerson:
      Bid time and nature gently spare / The shaft we raise to thee.
  12. The main cylindrical part of the penis.
  13. The chamber of a blast furnace.

Usage notes

In Early Modern English, the shaft referred to the entire body of a long weapon, such that an arrow’s “shaft” was composed of its “tip”, “stale” or “steal”, and “fletching”. Palsgrave (circa 1530) glossed the French j[‘]empenne as “I fether a shafte, I put fethers upon a steale”. Over time, the word came to be used in place of the former “stale” and lost its original meaning.

Synonyms

  • stale, stail, steal, stele, steel (arrows, spears)
  • (main axis of a feather): rachis
  • mineshaft (vertical underground passage)

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

shaft (third-person singular simple present shafts, present participle shafting, simple past and past participle shafted)

  1. (transitive, slang) To fuck over; to cause harm to, especially through deceit or treachery.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:deceive
  2. (transitive) To equip with a shaft.
  3. (transitive, slang) To fuck; to have sexual intercourse with.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:copulate with
    • 2018 Christian Cooke as Mickey Argyle, “Episode 2”, Ordeal by Innocence (written by Sarah Phelps) 23 minutes
      Well at least I can get it up. No wonder Mary’s going out of her head. Stuck with you sponging off her and not even a decent shafting for her trouble.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Faths, hafts

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English sċeaft (shaft).

Noun

shaft

  1. Alternative form of schaft (shaft)

Etymology 2

From Old English sċeaft (creation).

Noun

shaft

  1. Alternative form of schaft (creation)

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