barilla vs kali what difference

what is difference between barilla and kali

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish barrilla.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɪlə

Noun

barilla (countable and uncountable, plural barillas)

  1. (botany) Any of several unrelated saltmarsh plants that were once burnt to obtain soda ash.
  2. The alkali produced from the plant, an impure carbonate of soda, used for making soap, glass, etc., and for bleaching.
  3. Impure soda obtained from the ashes of any seashore plant, or kelp.
    • 1860, Andrew Ure, Ure’s Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines, page 252:
      Good barilla usually contains, according to Dr. Ure’s analysis, 20 per cent. of real alkali, associated with muriates and sulphates, chiefly of soda, some lime, and alumina, with very little sulphur.

Derived terms

  • barilla plant
  • copper barilla

Further reading

  • barilla on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • air ball, airball


English

Etymology 1

Arabic قِلْي(qily). See alkali.

Noun

kali (uncountable)

  1. The prickly glasswort (Kali turgida, formerly Salsola kali).
    • 1765, Temple H. Croker, Thomas Williams, Samuel Clarke, The Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Volume 2
      But the kali is principally regarded, on account of its yielding copiously, when burnt, the fixed alkaline salt called soda []
  2. Alkali, particularly soda ash or potash.

Etymology 2

Uncertain; see arnis#Name at Wikipedia for more.

Noun

kali (uncountable)

  1. Traditional Philippine stick fighting, a martial art.
    Synonyms: arnis, eskrima

Etymology 3

Uncertain; possibly a reference to the appearance of soda ash produced by burning kali (Etymology 1).

Noun

kali (uncountable)

  1. A type of British crystalline sweet or candy, similar in appearance to sherbet but made with larger sugar crystals.

Anagrams

  • Kail, Laki, Lika, ilka, kail, kila, laik

Anguthimri

Noun

kali

  1. (Mpakwithi) hole

References

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 186

Betawi

Noun

kali

  1. river

Central Huasteca Nahuatl

Pronunciation

Noun

kali

  1. building, house.

Dupaningan Agta

Noun

kali

  1. kind of large bird

Estonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *kalja. Possibly a pre-Balto-Slavic Indo-European loan, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂al-ew-yo-.

Noun

kali (genitive kalja, partitive kalja)

  1. kvass

Declension


Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑli/, [ˈkɑli]
  • Rhymes: -ɑli
  • Syllabification: ka‧li

Noun

kali

  1. potassium
  2. potassium oxide

Declension

Anagrams

  • laki, lika

Ilocano

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Verb

kali (used in the form ikali)

  1. to dig (to move hard-packed earth out of the way)

Indonesian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ka.li/

Etymology 1

From Malay kali. Indonesian perkalian ‘multiplication’ was only coined after independence, being cited for example in Poerwadarminta (1976) of which the first edition appeared in 1953, though not yet in Zain (1957).

Noun

kali (first-person possessive kaliku, second-person possessive kalimu, third-person possessive kalinya)

  1. times
    Aku pergi ke sana dua kali sebulan.

    • I go there twice a month.

Preposition

kali

  1. (mathematics) times
Usage notes

When multiplication is not commutative, dikali may be preferred. Otherwise, kali and dikali are interchangable.

Etymology 2

From Javanese kali.

Noun

kali (first-person possessive kaliku, second-person possessive kalimu, third-person possessive kalinya)

  1. river
    Synonym: sungai

Etymology 3

clipping of sekali.

Adverb

kali

  1. (Medan, slang) very
    Synonyms: amat, banget, sangat, sungguh

Etymology 4

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

kali

  1. catfish
    Synonym: lele

Etymology 5

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

kali

  1. high official in South Sulawesi

Further reading

  • “kali” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Javanese

Alternative forms

  • Carakan: ꦏꦭꦶ

Noun

kali (ngoko kali, krama lèpèn)

  1. river
    Hyponyms: bangawan, kalèn

References

  • “kali” in Tim Balai Bahasa Yogyakarta, Kamus Basa Jawa (Bausastra Jawa). Kanisius, Yogyakarta

Latvian

Verb

kali

  1. 2nd person singular past indicative form of kalt

Malay

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kali/
  • Rhymes: -ali, -li, -i

Etymology 1

From Proto-Malayic *kali, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kali, from Proto-Austronesian *kalih.

Alternative forms

  • gali

Verb

kali (used in the form mengali)

  1. Obsolete form of gali.
Synonyms
  • korek

Etymology 2

Noun

kali (Jawi spelling کالي‎, plural kalikali, informal 1st possessive kaliku, impolite 2nd possessive kalimu, 3rd possessive kalinya)

  1. river (large stream which drains a landmass)
Synonyms
  • alir
  • alur
  • batang
  • bengawan
  • ci
  • sungai
  • wai

Etymology 3

Noun

kali

  1. times

Verb

kali

  1. to times, to multiply

Further reading

  • “kali” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.

Mauritian Creole

Etymology

From Tamil கள்ளி (kaḷḷi)

Noun

kali

  1. cactus

Ngiyambaa

Noun

kali

  1. (Waangaybuwan) water
    • 2001, Mood and Modality →ISBN:
      ɡaliː-ŋinda-ɡila ŋiyanu balu-y-aɡa

      water-CARIT-HYPOTH we+PL+NOM die-CM-IRR

      we’ll probably die for lack of water

Alternative forms

  • gali (Wayilwan)

Further reading

  • Barry Alpher, Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma, in Claire Bowern, Harold James Koch, Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method (2004, →ISBN

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.lʲi/

Verb

kali

  1. third-person singular present of kalić

Romani

Adjective

kali

  1. feminine singular of kalo

Serbo-Croatian

Verb

kali (Cyrillic spelling кали)

  1. inflection of káliti:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person singular imperative

Noun

kali (Cyrillic spelling кали)

  1. nominative/vocative plural of kal

Sundanese

Verb

kali

  1. to dig

Swahili

Pronunciation

Adjective

-kali (declinable)

  1. sharp
  2. fierce
  3. acidic
  4. harsh, cruel
  5. savage
  6. intense

Inflection


Vietnamese

Etymology

Ultimately from New Latin kalium, with the suffix -um removed as with most chemical elements.

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [kaː˧˧ li˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [kaː˧˧ lɪj˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [kaː˧˧ lɪj˧˧]
  • Phonetic: ca li

Noun

kali

  1. potassium

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