barm vs yeast what difference

what is difference between barm and yeast

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɑːm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /bɑɹm/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)m

Etymology 1

From Middle English barm, barme, berm, bearm, from Old English bearm (lap; bosom), from Proto-Germanic *barmaz (lap; bosom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear). Cognate with German Barm (lap; bosom).

Noun

barm (plural barms)

  1. (obsolete outside dialects) Bosom, lap.

Etymology 2

From Middle English berme, berm, from Old English beorma, from Proto-West Germanic *bermō (yeast; barm); related to the dialectal Low German Bärm (yeast), from Middle Low German barm, berm. The cake sense is possibly a shortened form of barmcake, which would be made with yeast as described in that sense, or possibly it is from the Irish bairín breac, a type of bread.

Noun

barm (countable and uncountable, plural barms)

  1. Foam rising upon beer, or other malt liquors, when fermenting, and used as leaven in making bread and in brewing; yeast.
    • 1590?, William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act II. scene i. line 25:
      …and sometimes make the drink to bear no barm.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 620:
      In 1577 yeast, called barm, is bought at 9d. the pail.
    • 1913, DH Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, Penguin 2006, p. 65:
      And he chaffed the women as he served them their ha’porths of barm.
  2. A small, flat, round individual loaf or roll of bread.

Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English bermen, from the noun (see above).

Verb

barm (third-person singular simple present barms, present participle barming, simple past and past participle barmed)

  1. To spurge; foam

See also

Anagrams

  • AMBR, Bram

Albanian

Alternative forms

  • barmë

Etymology

A masculine variant of barmë

Noun

barm m

  1. bast

Related terms

  • bardhë
  • berk

References


Cimbrian

Etymology

From Middle High German warm, from Old High German warm, from Proto-Germanic *warmaz (warm). Cognate with German warm, Dutch warm, English warm, Icelandic varmur.

Adjective

barm (comparative bérmor, superlative dar bérmorste)

  1. (Luserna, Sette Comuni) warm, hot

Declension

References

  • “barm” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo
  • “barm” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse baðmr (bosom).

Noun

barm c (singular definite barmen, plural indefinite barme)

  1. bosom
Inflection

Etymology 2

From Old Norse barmr (rim).

Noun

barm c (singular definite barmen, plural indefinite barme)

  1. (nautical, archaic) a corner of a sail
Inflection

Gothic

Romanization

barm

  1. Romanization of ????????????????

Icelandic

Noun

barm

  1. indefinite accusative singular of barmur

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English bearm, from Proto-Germanic *barmaz.

Alternative forms

  • berm, berme, barme, bearm

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /barm/, /bɛrm/

Noun

barm (plural barmes)

  1. The lap (The portion of one’s legs that lies flat while sitting)
    • Late 14th century: And with that word this faucon gan to crie / And swowned eft in Canacees barm. — Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Squire’s Tale’, Canterbury Tales
  2. chest, torso, abdomen
    • Late 14th century: […] kisse hire child er that it deyde / And in hir barm this litel child she leyde. — Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Clerk’s Tale’, Canterbury Tales
  3. belly, stomach
  4. (rare) A flat surface that serves as a resting-place.
Descendants
  • English: barm
  • Scots: berme, berm, barm
References
  • “barm, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-05-06.

Etymology 2

From Old English beorma.

Noun

barm

  1. Alternative form of berme (yeast)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse baðmr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑrm/

Noun

barm m (definite singular barmen, indefinite plural barmar, definite plural barmane)

  1. a bosom

References

  • “barm” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse baðmr (bosom).

Noun

barm c

  1. bosom

Declension


English

Etymology

From Middle English yest, yeest, gest, gist, from Old English ġist, ġyst, from Proto-West Germanic *jestu, from Proto-Germanic *jestuz. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Jääst (yeast), West Frisian gêst, gist (yeast), Dutch gist (yeast), German Low German Gest (yeast), German Gischt (sea foam), Swedish jäst (yeast), Norwegian jest (yeast), Icelandic jöstur (yeast).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: yēst, IPA(key): /jiːst/
  • (rare) IPA(key): /iːst/
  • Rhymes: -iːst

Noun

yeast (countable and uncountable, plural yeasts)

  1. An often humid, yellowish froth produced by fermenting malt worts, and used to brew beer, leaven bread, and also used in certain medicines.
  2. A single-celled fungus of a wide variety of taxonomic families.
    1. A true yeast or budding yeast in order Saccharomycetales.
      1. baker’s yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
        1. A compressed cake or dried granules of this substance used for mixing with flour to make bread dough rise.
      2. brewer’s yeast, certain species of Saccharomyces, principally Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces carlsbergensis.
    2. Candida, a ubiquitous fungus that can cause various kinds of infections in humans.
      1. The resulting infection, candidiasis.
  3. (figuratively) A frothy foam.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick:
      But what most puzzled and confounded you was a long, limber, portentous, black mass of something hovering in the centre of the picture over three blue, dim, perpendicular lines floating in a nameless yeast.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • leaven
  • nutritional yeast

Verb

yeast (third-person singular simple present yeasts, present participle yeasting, simple past and past participle yeasted)

  1. To ferment.
  2. (of something prepared with a yeasted dough) To rise.
  3. (African-American Vernacular, slang) To exaggerate

References

Anagrams

  • Yates, Yeats, as yet, teasy, yates, yeats

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