barmy vs yeasty what difference

what is difference between barmy and yeasty

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɑː.mi/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(r)mi
  • Homophone: balmy

Etymology 1

Probably an alteration of balmy. The meaning “foolish” is from late 19th c. so this usage may be derived from Barming in Kent, the location of the county’s psychiatric hospital (then called Barming Asylum) from 1833. Before baker’s yeast was available from breweries, bakers would have a ‘barm tub’ where they would toss in spare bits of dough and let it ferment to produce a yeasty liquid to leaven their bread. Bakers would drink from this freshly fermented alcoholic brew and it had a powerful effect, making the consumer ‘barmy.’

Adjective

barmy (comparative barmier, superlative barmiest)

  1. (chiefly Britain, Ireland) Odd, strange, or crazy.
    Synonyms: (US) balmy, dotty, goofy, wacko
Derived terms
  • barmily
  • barminess
  • Barmy Army

Usage notes

  • In US English, balmy is usual; elsewhere this is occasionally found but some authorities consider it erroneous, despite its probable etymology.

Etymology 2

From Old English beorma (yeast).

Adjective

barmy (comparative barmier, superlative barmiest)

  1. (rare) Containing barm, i.e. froth from fermented yeast.
    • Their jovial Nights, in frollicks and in play
      They pass, to drive the tedious Hours away:
      And their cold Stomachs with crown’d Goblets cheer,
      Of windy Cider, and of barmy Beer.
    • 1907, Arthur Machen, The Hill of Dreams
      [] and he stood for a while on the quivering footbridge and watched the rush of dead wood and torn branches and wisps of straw, all hurrying madly past him, to plunge into the heaped spume, the barmy froth that had gathered against a fallen tree.
    • 1997, Margriet S. Westerterp-Plantenga, Food in Europe: Food] production, processing and consumption
      Here the yeast is added to convert the sugars to alcohol, also producing carbon dioxide. After about 24 hours the fermentation has created a thick head of barmy foam []

References

Anagrams

  • Byram, Mabry, ambry


English

Etymology

From yeast +‎ -y.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈjiːsti/
  • Rhymes: -iːsti

Adjective

yeasty (comparative yeastier, superlative yeastiest)

  1. Having or resembling yeast.
  2. Foamy and frothy.
    • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, III.58:
      The Ocean when its yeasty war is waging / Is awful to the vessel near the rock […].
  3. Emotionally bubbling over (as with exuberance)
  4. Trivial.
    • 1602 : William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act V scene 2
      Thus has he, and many more of the same breed that I
      know the drossy age dotes on, only got the tune of the
      time and, out of an habit of encounter, a kind of
      yeasty collection, which carries them through and
      through the most profane and winnowed opinions

Translations


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