basis vs ground what difference

what is difference between basis and ground

English

Etymology

From Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷémtis, derived from Proto-Indo-European *gʷem- (English come). Doublet of base.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: bāʹsĭs, IPA(key): /ˈbeɪsɪs/,
  • Rhymes: -eɪsɪs

Noun

basis (plural bases or (rare) baseis or (nonstandard) basises)

  1. A physical base or foundation.
    • 1695, William Congreve, To the King, on the taking of Namur, 1810, Samuel Johnson, Alexander Chalmers (biographies), The Works of the English Poets from Chaucer to Cowper, Volume 10, page 271,
      Beholding rocks from their firm basis rent;
      Mountain on mountain thrown,
      With threatening hurl, that shook th’ aerial firmament!
  2. A starting point, base or foundation for an argument or hypothesis.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      I wonder if the South Korean side has any basis that its smog is from China.
  3. An underlying condition or circumstance.
    • 2013, Daniel Taylor, Danny Welbeck leads England’s rout of Moldova but hit by Ukraine ban (in The Guardian, 6 September 2013)[1]
      Hodgson may now have to bring in James Milner on the left and, on that basis, a certain amount of gloss was taken off a night on which Welbeck scored twice but barely celebrated either before leaving the pitch angrily complaining to the Slovakian referee.
  4. A regular frequency.
    You should brush your teeth on a daily basis at minimum.
    The flights to Fiji leave on a weekly basis.
    Cars must be checked on a yearly basis.
  5. (agriculture, trading) The difference between the cash price a dealer pays to a farmer for his produce and an agreed reference price, which is usually the futures price at which the given crop is trading at a commodity exchange.
  6. (linear algebra) In a vector space, a linearly independent set of vectors spanning the whole vector space.
  7. (accounting) Amount paid for an investment, including commissions and other expenses.
  8. (topology) A collection of subsets (“basis elements”) of a set, such that this collection covers the set, and for any two basis elements which both contain an element of the set, there is a third basis element contained in the intersection of the first two, which also contains that element.

Synonyms

  • (starting point for discussion): base

Derived terms

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • absis, bassi, isbas

Catalan

Verb

basis

  1. second-person singular present subjunctive form of basar

Danish

Noun

basis

  1. (linear algebra) basis

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis). Doublet of base. Also a distant doublet of komst, via Proto-Indo-European *gʷḿ̥tis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaː.zəs/, /ˈbaː.zɪs/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧sis

Noun

basis f (plural basissen or bases, diminutive basisje n)

  1. basis (principle, foundation, that which is elementary)
  2. base (lower portion, foundation)
  3. Obsolete form of base (base, alkali).

Derived terms

  • basisarts
  • basisbeurs
  • basisdemocratie
  • basisinkomen
  • basisonderwijs
  • basisschool
  • machtsbasis
  • thuisbasis

Related terms

  • basaal
  • base

Descendants

  • Indonesian: basis

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɑsis/, [ˈbɑs̠is̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑsis
  • Syllabification: ba‧sis

Noun

basis

  1. basis, base

Declension

Anagrams

  • bassi

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch basis, from Latin basis, from Ancient Greek βάσις (básis). Doublet of basa.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbasɪs]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧sis

Noun

basis

  1. basis, base
  2. basis,
    1. (mathematics) in a vector space, a linearly independent set of vectors spanning the whole vector space.
  3. base,
    1. (geometry) the lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.
    2. (military) permanent structure for housing military; headquarter.

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “basis” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Latin

Etymology

Borrowing from Ancient Greek βᾰ́σῐς (básis, stepping, step; foot; base, pedestal).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈba.sis/, [ˈbäs̠ɪs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈba.sis/, [ˈbɑːs̬is]

Noun

basis f (genitive basis); third declension

  1. (literally) a pedestal, foot, base
    Synonym: crepīdō
    1. (figuratively) a foundation
      Synonym: rādīx
  2. (geometry) the base of a triangle, chord of an arc
  3. (architecture) the lowest part of the shaft of a column
  4. (grammar) a primitive word, root
  5. (of cattle) a track, footprint
    Synonym: vestīgium

Inflection

Note that there are the alternative forms baseōs for the genitive singular, baseī for the ablative singular, basin for accusative singular, and baseis for the accusative plural.

Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -im, ablative singular in ).

Derived terms

  • basella (diminutive)
  • basicula (diminutive)
  • basilāris (adjective)

Related terms

Descendants

References

  • basis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • basis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • basis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Ancient Greek βάσις (básis)

Noun

basis m (definite singular basisen, indefinite plural basiser, definite plural basisene)

  1. basis
  2. base

Derived terms

  • basisår
  • verdensbasis

References

  • “basis” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Ancient Greek βάσις (básis)

Noun

basis m (definite singular basisen, indefinite plural basisar, definite plural basisane)

  1. basis
  2. base

Derived terms

  • basisår

References

  • “basis” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ɡɹaʊnd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd

Etymology 1

From Middle English grounde, from Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian grundë (brittle earth).

Alternative forms

  • GND (contraction used in electronics)

Noun

ground (countable and uncountable, plural grounds)

  1. The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
    • Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. [] Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the ground and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas.
  2. (uncountable) Terrain.
  3. Soil, earth.
  4. (countable) The bottom of a body of water.
  5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
  6. (chiefly in the plural) Reason, (epistemic) justification, cause.
  7. Background, context, framework, surroundings.
  8. (historical) The area on which a battle is fought, particularly as referring to the area occupied by one side or the other. Often, according to the eventualities, “to give ground” or “to gain ground”.
  9. (figuratively, by extension) Advantage given or gained in any contest; e.g. in football, chess, debate or academic discourse.
  10. The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set.
    crimson flowers on a white ground
  11. (sculpture) A flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
  12. (point lace) The net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied.
    Brussels ground
  13. (etching) A gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
  14. (architecture, chiefly in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which mouldings etc. are attached.
    Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
  15. (countable) A soccer stadium.
  16. (electricity, Canada and US) An electrical conductor connected to the earth, or a large conductor whose electrical potential is taken as zero (such as a steel chassis).
  17. (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman’s popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one’s ground).
  18. (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
  19. (music) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, The Life and Death of Richard III, act III, scene vii, in: The Works of Shakeſpear V (1726), page 149:
      Buck[ingham]   The Mayor is here at hand; pretend ſome fear, // Be not you ſpoke with, but by mighty ſuit; // And look you get a prayer-book in your hand, // And ſtand between two churchmen, good my lord, // For on that ground I’ll build a holy deſcant: // And be not eaſily won to our requeſts: // Play the maid’s part, ſtill anſwer nay, and take it.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Moore (Encyc.) to this entry?)
  20. The pit of a theatre.
    • 1614, Ben Jonson, Bartholomew Fair
      the understanding gentlemen o’ the ground here ask’d my judgment
Synonyms
  • (electricity) earth (British)
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • Pages starting with “ground”.
Translations
See also
  • floor
  • terra firma

Verb

ground (third-person singular simple present grounds, present participle grounding, simple past and past participle grounded)

  1. (US) To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
    Synonym: earth
  2. (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing them to stay at home and/or give up certain privileges.
    Synonym: gate
    If you don’t clean your room, I’ll have no choice but to ground you.
    Eric, you are grounded until further notice for lying to us about where you were last night!
    My kids are currently grounded from television.
  3. (transitive) To forbid (an aircraft or pilot) to fly.
    Because of the bad weather, all flights were grounded.
  4. To give a basic education in a particular subject; to instruct in elements or first principles.
    Jim was grounded in maths.
  5. (baseball) To hit a ground ball. Compare fly (verb(regular)) and line (verb).
  6. To place something on the ground.
  7. (intransitive) To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed.
    The ship grounded on the bar.
  8. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
    • being rooted and grounded in love
    • So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation.
  9. (fine arts) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching, or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
  10. To improve or focus the mental or emotional state of.
    I ground myself with meditation.
Translations

Etymology 2

Inflected form of grind. See also milled.

Verb

ground

  1. simple past tense and past participle of grind

Adjective

ground (not comparable)

  1. Crushed, or reduced to small particles.
    Synonym: milled
  2. Processed by grinding.
    • 2018, H Glimpel, HJ Lauffer, A Bremstahler, Finishing Tool, In Particular End Milling Cutter, US Patent App. 15/764,739
      An advantage of such a finishing tool is that, after the machining, the workpiece has high surface quality. The surface which is produced appears finely ground to polished by means of this procedure.
Derived terms
  • ground beef
  • ground pepper
  • stoneground
Translations

Descendants

  • Tok Pisin: graun

References

  • ground at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • dog run

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • grund, grounde

Etymology

From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡruːnd/

Noun

ground

  1. ground
  2. Earth

Declension

Descendants

  • English: ground
    • Fiji Hindi: garaund
    • Maltese: grawnd
  • Scots: grund, groond, greund
  • Yola: greoune

References

  • “grǒund, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

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