beak vs bill what difference

what is difference between beak and bill

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English bec, borrowed from Anglo-Norman bec, from Latin beccus, from Gaulish *bekkos, from Proto-Celtic *bekkos (beak, snout), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bak-, *baḱ- (pointed stick, peg). Cognate with Breton beg (beak). Compare Saterland Frisian Bäk (mouth; muzzle; beak); Dutch bek (beak; bill; neb).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /biːk/
  • Rhymes: -iːk

Noun

beak (plural beaks)

  1. Anatomical uses.
    1. A rigid structure projecting from the front of a bird’s face, used for pecking, grooming, foraging, carrying items, eating food, etc.
    2. A similar structure forming the jaws of an octopus, turtle, etc.
    3. The long projecting sucking mouth of some insects and other invertebrates, as in the Hemiptera.
    4. The upper or projecting part of the shell, near the hinge of a bivalve.
    5. The prolongation of certain univalve shells containing the canal.
    6. (botany) Any process somewhat like the beak of a bird, terminating the fruit or other parts of a plant.
  2. Figurative uses.
    1. Anything projecting or ending in a point like a beak, such as a promontory of land.
      • 1602, Richard Carew, Survey of Cornwall
        At the townes end, Cuddenbeak, an ancient house of the Bishops, from a well aduanced Promontory, which intituled it Beak
    2. (architecture) A continuous slight projection ending in an arris or narrow fillet; that part of a drip from which the water is thrown off.
    3. (farriery) A toe clip.
    4. (nautical) That part of a ship, before the forecastle, which is fastened to the stem, and supported by the main knee.
    5. (nautical) A beam, shod or armed at the end with a metal head or point, and projecting from the prow of an ancient galley, used as a ram to pierce the vessel of an enemy; a beakhead.
    6. (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Libythea, notable for the beak-like elongation on their heads.
  3. Colloquial uses.
    1. (slang) The human nose, especially one that is large and pointed.
    2. (slang, Southern England) cocaine.

Synonyms

  • (rigid structure projecting from a bird’s face): bill
  • (human nose): honker, schnozzle

Derived terms

  • beakish
  • beaky
  • wet one’s beak

Translations

Verb

beak (third-person singular simple present beaks, present participle beaking, simple past and past participle beaked)

  1. (transitive) Strike with the beak.
  2. (transitive) Seize with the beak.
  3. (intransitive, Northern Ireland) To play truant.

Synonyms

  • (play truant): See also Thesaurus:play truant

Etymology 2

Unknown; originally cant; first recorded in 17thC; probably related to obsolete cant beck “constable”.

Noun

beak (plural beaks)

  1. (slang, Britain) A justice of the peace; a magistrate.
    • 1859, George Meredith, The Ordeal of Richard Feverel, Ch. XXXVIII:
      They take up men, Dick, for going about in women’s clothes, and vice versaw, I suppose. You’ll bail me, old fellaa, if I have to make my bow to the beak, won’t you?
    • 1866, Temple Bar: A London Magazine for Town and Country Readers
      Harry looked rather bulky, you know, Tom, and the slop (policeman) says, ‘Hallo, what you got here?’ and by [blank] he took us both before the beak.
  2. (slang, British public schools) A schoolmaster (originally, at Eton).
    • 1907, E.M. Forster, The Longest Journey, Part II, XX [Uniform ed., p. 201]:
      It’s easy enough to be a beak when you’re young and athletic, and can offer the latest University smattering. The difficulty is to keep your place when you get old and stiff, and younger smatterers are pushing up behind you. Crawl into a boarding-house and you’re safe. A master’s life is frightfully tragic.

References

  • Ranko Matasović (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic, →ISBN, page 60

Anagrams

  • Baek, bake, beka

Basque

Noun

beak

  1. absolutive plural of be
  2. ergative singular of be


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪl/, [bɪɫ], enPR: bîl
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1

From Middle English bill, bille, bil, from Old English bil, bill (a hooked point; curved weapon; two-edged sword), from Proto-Germanic *bilją (axe; sword; blade), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyH- (to strike; beat). Cognate with West Frisian bile (axe), Dutch bijl (axe), German Bille (axe).

Noun

bill (plural bills)

  1. Any of various bladed or pointed hand weapons, originally designating an Anglo-Saxon sword, and later a weapon of infantry, especially in the 14th and 15th centuries, commonly consisting of a broad, heavy, double-edged, hook-shaped blade, with a short pike at the back and another at the top, attached to the end of a long staff.
    • France had no infantry that dared to face the English bows and bills.
    • 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons.
      In the British Museum there is an entry of a warrant, granted to Nicholas Spicer, authorising him to impress smiths for making two thousand Welch bills or glaives.
    Synonym: polearm
  2. A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle, used in pruning, etc.; a billhook.
    Synonyms: billhook, hand bill, hedge bill
  3. Somebody armed with a bill; a billman.
    Synonym: billman
  4. A pickaxe, or mattock.
  5. (nautical) The extremity of the arm of an anchor; the point of or beyond the fluke (also called the peak).
Derived terms
  • brown-bill
Translations

Verb

bill (third-person singular simple present bills, present participle billing, simple past and past participle billed)

  1. (transitive) To dig, chop, etc., with a bill.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English bill, bil, bille, bile, from Old English bile (beak (of a bird); trunk (of an elephant)), of unknown origin. Perhaps from a special use of Old English bil, bill (hook; sword) (see above).

Noun

bill (plural bills)

  1. The beak of a bird, especially when small or flattish; sometimes also used with reference to a platypus, turtle, or other animal.
    • 1595, William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act III, Scene I, line 125.
      The woosel cock so black of hue, With orange-tawny bill, The throstle with his note so true, The wren with little quill…
    Synonyms: beak, neb, nib, pecker
  2. A beak-like projection, especially a promontory.
  3. Of a cap or hat: the brim or peak, serving as a shade to keep sun off the face and out of the eyes.
Derived terms
  • duckbill
Translations

Verb

bill (third-person singular simple present bills, present participle billing, simple past and past participle billed)

  1. (obsolete) to peck
  2. to stroke bill against bill, with reference to doves; to caress in fondness
    • As the ox hath his bow, sir, the horse his curb and the falcon her bells, so man hath his desires; and as pigeons bill, so wedlock would be nibbling.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English bille, from Anglo-Norman bille, from Old French bulle, from Medieval Latin bulla (seal”, “sealed document). Compare bull.

Noun

bill (plural bills)

  1. A written list or inventory. (Now obsolete except in specific senses or set phrases; bill of lading, bill of goods, etc.)
  2. A document, originally sealed; a formal statement or official memorandum. (Now obsolete except with certain qualifying words; bill of health, bill of sale etc.)
  3. A draft of a law, presented to a legislature for enactment; a proposed or projected law.
    • 1600, William Shakespeare, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Act II, Scene I, line 28.
      Why, I’ll exhibit a bill in the parliament for the putting down of men.
    Synonym: measure
  4. (obsolete, law) A declaration made in writing, stating some wrong the complainant has suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law.
    • 1853, Charles Dickens, Bleak House, ch 1:
      … the legion of bills in the suit have been transformed into mere bills of mortality …
  5. (US, Canada) A piece of paper money; a banknote.
  6. A written note of goods sold, services rendered, or work done, with the price or charge; an invoice.
    • 1607, William Shakespeare, Timon of Athens, Act III, Scene IV, line 85.
      My lord, here is my bill.
    Synonyms: account, invoice
  7. A paper, written or printed, and posted up or given away, to advertise something, as a lecture, a play, or the sale of goods
    Synonyms: broadsheet, broadside, card, circular, flier, flyer, handbill, poster, posting, placard, notice, throwaway
    • 1595, William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act I, Scene II, line 104.
      In the meantime I will draw a bill of properties, such as our play wants.
  8. A writing binding the signer or signers to pay a certain sum at a future day or on demand, with or without interest, as may be stated in the document; a bill of exchange. In the United States, it is usually called a note, a note of hand, or a promissory note.
    • 1600, William Shakespeare, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Act I, Scene I, line 8.
      Ay, and Rato-lorum too; and a gentleman born, Master Parson; who writes himself Armigero, in any bill, warrant, quittance, or obligation, Armigero.
    Synonyms: bank bill, banker’s bill, bank note, banknote, Federal Reserve note, government note, greenback, note
  9. A set of items presented together.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Thai: บิล (bin)
  • Tokelauan: pili
Translations
See also
  • check

Verb

bill (third-person singular simple present bills, present participle billing, simple past and past participle billed)

  1. (transitive) To advertise by a bill or public notice.
    Synonym: placard
  2. (transitive) To charge; to send a bill to.
    Synonym: charge
    • 1989, Michelle Green, Understanding Health Insurance: A Guide to Billing and Reimbursement
      The physician explains that this is an option for her and that she can sign the facility’s ABN so that if Medicare denies the claim, the facility can bill her for the scan.
Translations

Etymology 4

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

bill (plural bills)

  1. The bell, or boom, of the bittern.
    • 1793, William Wordsworth, An Evening Walk
      The bittern’s hollow bill was heard.

Cimbrian

Etymology 1

From Middle High German wille, from Old High German willo, from Proto-Germanic *wiljô (will, wish, desire). Cognate with German Wille, English will.

Noun

bill m

  1. (Sette Comuni) will (legal document)
    Synonym: testamentén

Etymology 2

From Middle High German wilde, from Old High German wildi, from Proto-West Germanic *wilþī, from Proto-Germanic *wilþijaz (wild). Cognate with German wild, English wild.

Adjective

bill (comparative billor, superlative dar billorste)

  1. (Sette Comuni) wild, crazy, mad
Declension
Derived terms
  • billa gòas
  • billa hénna
  • billar haano
  • billar balt
  • dorbillaran

References

  • “bill” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

French

Etymology

From English bill; doublet of bulle (bubble).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bil/

Noun

bill m (plural bills)

  1. (law) bill (draft UK law)
  2. (Canada) bill (invoice in a restaurant etc)

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪl/
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish bilder, from Old Norse bíldr, from Proto-Germanic *bīþlaz (axe). An instrumental derivation of *bītaną (to bite). Closely related to bila (broadaxe).

Noun

bill c

  1. (agriculture) a share; the cutting blade of a plough
Declension
Derived terms
  • plogbill

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bill, from Middle English bille, from Anglo-Norman bille, from Old French bulle, from Medieval Latin bulla (seal, sealed document). Doublet of bulla.

Noun

bill c

  1. (law) a draft of a law in English-speaking countries
Declension

References

  • bill in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)

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