beam vs radiate what difference

what is difference between beam and radiate

English

Etymology

From Middle English beem, from Old English bēam (tree, cross, gallows, column, pillar, wood, beam, splint, post, stock, rafter, piece of wood), from Proto-West Germanic *baum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz (tree, beam, balk), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰew- (to grow, swell). Cognate with West Frisian beam (tree), Saterland Frisian Boom (tree), Dutch boom (tree), German Low German Boom (tree), German Baum (tree), Luxembourgish Bam (tree), Albanian bimë (a plant). Doublet of boom.

The verb is from Middle English bemen, from Old English bēamian (to shine, to cast forth rays or beams of light), from the noun.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bēm, IPA(key): /biːm/
  • Rhymes: -iːm

Noun

beam (plural beams)

  1. Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.
    • And a letter vnto Asaph the keeper of the kings forrest, that he may giue me timber to make beames for the gates of the palace which appertained to the house, and for the wall of the Citie, and for the house that I shall enter into: And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my God vpon me.
  2. One of the principal horizontal structural members, usually of timber or concrete, of a building; one of the transverse members of a ship’s frame on which the decks are laid — supported at the sides by knees in wooden ships and by stringers in steel ones.
    • 1905, Beatrix Potter, The Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-Winkle
      Lucie opened the door: and what do you think there was inside the hill?—a nice clean kitchen with a flagged floor and wooden beams—just like any other farm kitchen.
  3. (nautical) The maximum width of a vessel (note that a vessel with a beam of 15 foot can also be said to be 15 foot abeam)
    Synonym: breadth
    • 1892, Sydney Marow Eardley-Wilmot, The Development of Navies During the Last Half-Century Chapter 7
      Being only 280 ft. long, with a beam of 66 ft, their speed is moderate, and for a long time difficulty was experienced in steering them.
  4. The crossbar of a mechanical balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.
  5. The principal stem of the antler of a deer.
  6. (literary) The pole of a carriage or chariot.
  7. (textiles) A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving and the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven.
  8. The straight part or shank of an anchor.
  9. The central bar of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.
  10. In steam engines, a heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft.
    Synonyms: working beam, walking beam
  11. A ray or collection of approximately parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body.
    a beam of light
    a beam of energy
  12. (figuratively) A ray; a gleam.
    a beam of hope, or of comfort
  13. One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk.
    Synonym: beam feather
  14. (music) A horizontal bar which connects the stems of two or more notes to group them and to indicate metric value.
  15. (railway) An elevated rectangular dirt pile used to cheaply build an elevated portion of a railway.
  16. (gymnastics) Ellipsis of balance beam

Hyponyms

  • (textiles): fore beam, back beam

See also

  • Thesaurus:stick

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

beam (third-person singular simple present beams, present participle beaming, simple past and past participle beamed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To emit beams of light; shine; radiate.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) To smile broadly or especially cheerfully.
  3. (transitive) To furnish or supply with beams
  4. (transitive) To give the appearance of beams to.
  5. (transitive, science fiction) To transmit matter or information via a high-tech wireless mechanism.
  6. (transitive, currying) To stretch something (for example an animal hide) on a beam.
  7. (transitive, weaving) To put (something) on a beam
  8. (transitive, music) To connect (musical notes) with a beam, or thick line, in music notation.

Translations

Anagrams

  • BAME, Bame, Mabe, ambe, bema, mabe

German

Verb

beam

  1. singular imperative of beamen

Old English

Alternative forms

  • beom

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *baum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bæ͜ɑːm/

Noun

bēam m (nominative plural bēamas)

  1. tree
    Synonyms: trēow, wudu
  2. beam of wood
    Synonym: bord
    1. gallows, gibbet (hanging device with a crossbeam)
      Synonyms: ġealga, ġealgtrēow, trēow, weargtrēow
    2. (by extension) the Cross
      • Codex Vercillensis

Declension

Derived terms

  • siġebēam

Descendants

  • Middle English: beem
    • Scots: beme
    • English: beam
      • German: beamen
      • Japanese: ビーム

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [be̯am]

Verb

beam

  1. first-person singular imperfect indicative of bea
  2. first-person plural imperfect indicative of bea

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian bām, from Proto-West Germanic *baum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪə̯m/

Noun

beam c (plural beammen, diminutive beamke)

  1. tree

Derived terms

  • hefbeam

Further reading

  • “beam”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin radiatus, past participle of radiare (to radiate, furnish with spokes, give out rays, radiate, shine), from radius (a spoke, ray).

Pronunciation

  • (verb) IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪdieɪt/
  • (adjective) IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪdieɪt/, /ˈɹeɪdi.ət/

Verb

radiate (third-person singular simple present radiates, present participle radiating, simple past and past participle radiated)

  1. To extend, send or spread out from a center like radii.
    • 1994, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons, Parliamentary Debates
      Oban is not a terminus; its routes radiate by sea, rail and road.
  2. (transitive) To emit rays or waves.
    The stove radiates heat.
  3. (intransitive) To come out or proceed in rays or waves.
    The heat radiates from a stove.
    • 1706, John Locke, Elements of Natural Philosophy
      Light radiates from luminous bodies directly to our eyes.
  4. (transitive) To illuminate.
  5. To expose to ionizing radiation, such as by radiography.
  6. (transitive) To manifest oneself in a glowing manner.
  7. (ecology, intransitive) to spread into new habitats, migrate.

Synonyms

  • (to expose to radiation): irradiate

Derived terms

  • radiator

Related terms

  • radiation

Translations

Adjective

radiate (comparative more radiate, superlative most radiate)

  1. Radiating from a center; having rays or parts diverging from a center; radiated.
    a radiate crystal
  2. Surrounded by rays, such as the head of a saint in a religious picture.
  3. (botany) Having parts radiating from the center, like the petals in many flowers.
  4. (botany) Consisting of a disc in which the florets are tubular.
  5. (biology) Having radial symmetry, like a seastar.
  6. (zoology) Belonging to the Radiata.

Translations

Noun

radiate (plural radiates)

  1. (zoology) One of the Radiata.

Related terms

  • radial
  • radiation
  • radio
  • radius
  • ray

Further reading

  • radiate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • radiate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • radiate at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • airdate, ardaite, idea art, tiaraed

Esperanto

Adverb

radiate

  1. present adverbial passive participle of radii

Italian

Verb

radiate

  1. second-person plural present subjunctive of radere
  2. inflection of radiare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person plural imperative
  3. feminine plural of radiato

Anagrams

  • aderita, adirate, ardiate, datarie, daterai

Latin

Verb

radiāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of radiō

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial