beam vs ray what difference

what is difference between beam and ray

English

Etymology

From Middle English beem, from Old English bēam (tree, cross, gallows, column, pillar, wood, beam, splint, post, stock, rafter, piece of wood), from Proto-West Germanic *baum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz (tree, beam, balk), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰew- (to grow, swell). Cognate with West Frisian beam (tree), Saterland Frisian Boom (tree), Dutch boom (tree), German Low German Boom (tree), German Baum (tree), Luxembourgish Bam (tree), Albanian bimë (a plant). Doublet of boom.

The verb is from Middle English bemen, from Old English bēamian (to shine, to cast forth rays or beams of light), from the noun.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bēm, IPA(key): /biːm/
  • Rhymes: -iːm

Noun

beam (plural beams)

  1. Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.
    • And a letter vnto Asaph the keeper of the kings forrest, that he may giue me timber to make beames for the gates of the palace which appertained to the house, and for the wall of the Citie, and for the house that I shall enter into: And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my God vpon me.
  2. One of the principal horizontal structural members, usually of timber or concrete, of a building; one of the transverse members of a ship’s frame on which the decks are laid — supported at the sides by knees in wooden ships and by stringers in steel ones.
    • 1905, Beatrix Potter, The Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-Winkle
      Lucie opened the door: and what do you think there was inside the hill?—a nice clean kitchen with a flagged floor and wooden beams—just like any other farm kitchen.
  3. (nautical) The maximum width of a vessel (note that a vessel with a beam of 15 foot can also be said to be 15 foot abeam)
    Synonym: breadth
    • 1892, Sydney Marow Eardley-Wilmot, The Development of Navies During the Last Half-Century Chapter 7
      Being only 280 ft. long, with a beam of 66 ft, their speed is moderate, and for a long time difficulty was experienced in steering them.
  4. The crossbar of a mechanical balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.
  5. The principal stem of the antler of a deer.
  6. (literary) The pole of a carriage or chariot.
  7. (textiles) A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving and the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven.
  8. The straight part or shank of an anchor.
  9. The central bar of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.
  10. In steam engines, a heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft.
    Synonyms: working beam, walking beam
  11. A ray or collection of approximately parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body.
    a beam of light
    a beam of energy
  12. (figuratively) A ray; a gleam.
    a beam of hope, or of comfort
  13. One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk.
    Synonym: beam feather
  14. (music) A horizontal bar which connects the stems of two or more notes to group them and to indicate metric value.
  15. (railway) An elevated rectangular dirt pile used to cheaply build an elevated portion of a railway.
  16. (gymnastics) Ellipsis of balance beam

Hyponyms

  • (textiles): fore beam, back beam

See also

  • Thesaurus:stick

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

beam (third-person singular simple present beams, present participle beaming, simple past and past participle beamed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To emit beams of light; shine; radiate.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) To smile broadly or especially cheerfully.
  3. (transitive) To furnish or supply with beams
  4. (transitive) To give the appearance of beams to.
  5. (transitive, science fiction) To transmit matter or information via a high-tech wireless mechanism.
  6. (transitive, currying) To stretch something (for example an animal hide) on a beam.
  7. (transitive, weaving) To put (something) on a beam
  8. (transitive, music) To connect (musical notes) with a beam, or thick line, in music notation.

Translations

Anagrams

  • BAME, Bame, Mabe, ambe, bema, mabe

German

Verb

beam

  1. singular imperative of beamen

Old English

Alternative forms

  • beom

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *baum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bæ͜ɑːm/

Noun

bēam m (nominative plural bēamas)

  1. tree
    Synonyms: trēow, wudu
  2. beam of wood
    Synonym: bord
    1. gallows, gibbet (hanging device with a crossbeam)
      Synonyms: ġealga, ġealgtrēow, trēow, weargtrēow
    2. (by extension) the Cross
      • Codex Vercillensis

Declension

Derived terms

  • siġebēam

Descendants

  • Middle English: beem
    • Scots: beme
    • English: beam
      • German: beamen
      • Japanese: ビーム

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [be̯am]

Verb

beam

  1. first-person singular imperfect indicative of bea
  2. first-person plural imperfect indicative of bea

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian bām, from Proto-West Germanic *baum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪə̯m/

Noun

beam c (plural beammen, diminutive beamke)

  1. tree

Derived terms

  • hefbeam

Further reading

  • “beam”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: , IPA(key): /ɹeɪ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Etymology 1

Via Middle English, borrowed from Old French rai, from Latin radius (staff, stake, spoke). Doublet of radius.

Noun

ray (plural rays)

  1. A beam of light or radiation.
    I saw a ray of light through the clouds.
  2. (zoology) A rib-like reinforcement of bone or cartilage in a fish’s fin.
  3. (zoology) One of the spheromeres of a radiate, especially one of the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran.
  4. (botany) A radiating part of a flower or plant; the marginal florets of a compound flower, such as an aster or a sunflower; one of the pedicels of an umbel or other circular flower cluster; radius.
  5. (obsolete) Sight; perception; vision; from an old theory of vision, that sight was something which proceeded from the eye to the object seen.
  6. (mathematics) A line extending indefinitely in one direction from a point.
  7. (colloquial) A tiny amount.
    Unfortunately he didn’t have a ray of hope.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

ray (third-person singular simple present rays, present participle raying, simple past and past participle rayed)

  1. (transitive) To emit something as if in rays.
    • 1889, Robert Browning, letter to Dr. Furnivall
      I had no particular woman in my mind; certainly never intended to personify wisdom, philosophy, or any other abstraction; and the orb, raying colour out of whiteness, was altogether a fancy of my own.
  2. (intransitive) To radiate as if in rays.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English raye, rayȝe, from Old French raie, from Latin raia, of uncertain origin. Compare Middle English reyhhe, reihe, reȝge (ray, skate), from Old English reohhe (ray).

Noun

ray (plural rays)

  1. A marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail.
Translations

Etymology 3

Shortened from array.

Verb

ray (third-person singular simple present rays, present participle raying, simple past and past participle rayed)

  1. (obsolete) To arrange. [14th-18th c.]
  2. (now rare) To dress, array (someone). [from 14th c.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir T. More to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete) To stain or soil; to defile. [16th-19th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.4:
      From his soft eyes the teares he wypt away, / And form his face the filth that did it ray [] .

Noun

ray (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) Array; order; arrangement; dress.

Etymology 4

From its sound, by analogy with the letters chay, jay, gay, kay, which it resembles graphically.

Noun

ray (plural rays)

  1. The letter ⟨/⟩, one of two which represent the r sound in Pitman shorthand.
Related terms
  • ar, in Latin and the name of the other Pitman r

Etymology 5

Alternative forms.

Noun

ray (plural rays)

  1. (music) Alternative form of re

Anagrams

  • -ary, Ary, Ayr, RYA, ary, ayr, rya, yar

Ainu

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɾaj/

Verb

ray (Kana spelling ライ)

  1. (intransitive) to die

Derived terms

  • rayke (to kill)

Northern Kurdish

Etymology

From Arabic رَأْي(raʾy).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɑːj/

Noun

ray ?

  1. opinion

Turkish

Etymology

Borrowed from French rail.

Noun

ray (definite accusative rayı, plural raylar)

  1. rail

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