beat vs crush what difference

what is difference between beat and crush

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bēt, IPA(key): /biːt/
  • Homophone: beet
  • Rhymes: -iːt

Etymology 1

From Middle English beten, from Old English bēatan (to beat, pound, strike, lash, dash, thrust, hurt, injure), from Proto-West Germanic *bautan, from Proto-Germanic *bautaną (to push, strike), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewd- (to hit, strike).

Compare Old Irish fo·botha (he threatened), Latin confutō (I strike down), fūstis (stick, club), Albanian bahe (sling), Lithuanian baudžiù, Old Armenian բութ (butʿ)).

Noun

beat (plural beats)

  1. A stroke; a blow.
    • He, [] with a careless beat, / Struck out the mute creation at a heat.
  2. A pulsation or throb.
  3. (music) A pulse on the beat level, the metric level at which pulses are heard as the basic unit. Thus a beat is the basic time unit of a piece.
  4. A rhythm.
    1. (music) The rhythm signalled by a conductor or other musician to the members of a group of musicians.
  5. The instrumental portion of a piece of hip-hop music.
  6. The interference between two tones of almost equal frequency
  7. (authorship) A short pause in a play, screenplay, or teleplay, for dramatic or comedic effect; a plot point or story development.
  8. (by extension) An area of a person’s responsibility, especially
    1. The route patrolled by a police officer or a guard.
    2. (journalism) The primary focus of a reporter’s stories (such as police/courts, education, city government, business etc.).
      • 2020 April, Elizabeth Kolbert, Why we won’t avoid a climate catastrophe[2], National Geographic
        As an adult, I became a journalist whose beat is the environment. In a way, I’ve turned my youthful preoccupations into a profession.
  9. (dated) An act of reporting news or scientific results before a rival; a scoop.
    • 1898, unknown author, Scribner’s Magazine Volume 24
      It’s a beat on the whole country.
  10. (colloquial, dated) That which beats, or surpasses, another or others.
  11. (dated or obsolete, Southern US) A precinct.
  12. (dated) A place of habitual or frequent resort.
    1. (Australia) An area frequented by gay men in search of sexual activity. See gay beat.
  13. (archaic) A low cheat or swindler.
  14. (hunting) The act of scouring, or ranging over, a tract of land to rouse or drive out game; also, those so engaged, collectively.
    • 1911, Hedley Peek and Frederick George Aflalo, Encyclopaedia of Sport
      Bears coming out of holes in the rocks at the last moment, when the beat is close to them.
  15. (fencing) A smart tap on the adversary’s blade.
  16. (slang) A makeup look; compare beat one’s face.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Pennsylvania German: biede
Translations
See also
  • (piece of hip-hop music): track

Verb

beat (third-person singular simple present beats, present participle beating, simple past beat, past participle beaten or beat)

  1. (transitive) To hit; strike
    Synonyms: knock, pound, strike, hammer, whack; see also Thesaurus:attack, Thesaurus:hit
  2. (transitive) To strike or pound repeatedly, usually in some sort of rhythm.
  3. (intransitive) To strike repeatedly; to inflict repeated blows; to knock vigorously or loudly.
  4. (intransitive) To move with pulsation or throbbing.
  5. (transitive) To win against; to defeat or overcome; to do or be better than; to excel (someone) in a particular, competitive event.
  6. (intransitive, nautical) To sail to windward using a series of alternate tacks across the wind.
  7. (transitive) To strike (water, foliage etc.) in order to drive out game; to travel through (a forest etc.) for hunting.
  8. To mix food in a rapid fashion. Compare whip.
  9. (transitive, Britain, In haggling for a price) of a buyer, to persuade the seller to reduce a price
    Synonym: negotiate
  10. (transitive) To indicate by beating or drumming.
  11. To tread, as a path.
  12. To exercise severely; to perplex; to trouble.
  13. To be in agitation or doubt.
  14. To make a sound when struck.
  15. (military, intransitive) To make a succession of strokes on a drum.
  16. To sound with more or less rapid alternations of greater and less intensity, so as to produce a pulsating effect; said of instruments, tones, or vibrations, not perfectly in unison.
  17. (transitive) To arrive at a place before someone.
  18. (intransitive, Britain, slang, vulgar) To have sexual intercourse.
    Synonyms: do it, get it on, have sex, shag; see also Thesaurus:copulate
  19. (transitive, slang) To rob.
Conjugation
Derived terms
Translations

Adjective

beat (comparative more beat, superlative most beat)

  1. (US slang) exhausted
  2. dilapidated, beat up
  3. (African-American Vernacular and gay slang) Having impressively attractive makeup
  4. (slang) boring
  5. (slang, of a person) ugly
Synonyms
  • (exhausted): See also Thesaurus:fatigued
  • (dilapidated): See also Thesaurus:ramshackle
  • (boring): See also Thesaurus:boring
  • (ugly): See also Thesaurus:ugly
Translations

Etymology 2

From beatnik

Noun

beat (plural beats)

  1. A beatnik.
    • 2008, David Wills, Beatdom, Issue Three, March 2008
      The beats were pioneers with no destination, changing the world one impulse at a time.
Derived terms
  • beat generation

References

  • DeLone et. al. (Eds.) (1975). Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. →ISBN.

Anagrams

  • Bate, Beta, Teba, abet, bate, beta

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin beātus.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /beˈat/
  • Rhymes: -at

Adjective

beat (feminine beata, masculine plural beats, feminine plural beates)

  1. saint, beatified

Derived terms

  • beateria

Noun

beat m (plural beats)

  1. monk

Related terms

  • beatífic

Further reading

  • “beat” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “beat” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “beat” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “beat” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English beat.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bit/
  • Hyphenation: beat
  • Rhymes: -it
  • Homophones: bied, biedt, biet

Noun

beat m (plural beats, diminutive beatje n)

  1. A beat, a rhythmic pattern, notably in music
  2. (music) beat an early rock genre.

Derived terms

  • beatmis
  • beatmuziek

Anagrams

  • bate

Finnish

Etymology

Borrowed from English beat.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbiːt/, [ˈbiːt̪]

Noun

beat

  1. (music) beat

Declension

Synonyms

  • biitti

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English beat.

Adjective

beat (invariable)

  1. beat (50s US literary and 70s UK music scenes)

Noun

beat m (invariable)

  1. beat (rhythm accompanying music)

Anagrams

  • beta, tabe

Latin

Verb

beat

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of beō

Romanian

Etymology

From a contracted Vulgar Latin form of Late Latin bibitus (drunk), from Latin bibō (drink). Compare Spanish beodo.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [be̯at]

Adjective

beat m or n (feminine singular beată, masculine plural beți, feminine and neuter plural bete)

  1. drunk, drunken, intoxicated; tipsy

Declension

Synonyms

  • îmbătat
  • băut

Antonyms

  • treaz

Derived terms

  • beție

Related terms

  • bea
  • bețiv
  • îmbăta

Volapük

Noun

beat (nominative plural beats)

  1. happiness

Declension



English

Etymology

From Middle English cruschen (to crush, smash, squeeze, squash), from Old French croissir (to crush), from Late Latin *cruscio (to brush), from Frankish *krostjan (to crush, squeeze, squash). Akin to Gothic ???????????????????????????????? (kriustan, to gnash), Old Swedish krusa (to crush), Middle Low German krossen (to break), Swedish krysta (to squeeze), Danish kryste (to squash), Icelandic kreista (to squeeze, squash), Faroese kroysta (to squeeze).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɹʌʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃ

Noun

crush (countable and uncountable, plural crushes)

  1. A violent collision or compression; a crash; destruction; ruin.
  2. Violent pressure, as of a moving crowd.
  3. A crowd that produces uncomfortable pressure.
    a crush at a reception
  4. A violent crowding.
  5. A crowd control barrier.
  6. A drink made by squeezing the juice out of fruit.
  7. (informal) An infatuation with somebody one is not dating.
    I’ve had a huge crush on her since we met many years ago.
    • 2019, Emma Lea, A Royal Enticement
      And I needed to get my schoolgirl crush under control. There was no way Brín felt anything anywhere near what I felt for him. He saw me as a friend.
    1. (informal, by extension) The human object of such infatuation or affection.
      • 2004, Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
        It had taken nine years from the evening that Truman first showed up with a pie plate at her mother’s door, but his dogged perseverance eventually won him the hand of his boyhood Sunday school crush.
  8. A standing stock or cage with movable sides used to restrain livestock for safe handling.
  9. (dated) A party or festive function.
    • 1890, Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray chapter 1
      Two months ago I went to a crush at Lady Brandon’s.
  10. (Australia) The process of crushing cane to remove the raw sugar, or the season when this process takes place.
  11. (television, uncountable) The situation where certain colors are so similar as to be hard to distinguish, either as a deliberate effect or as a limitation of a display.
    black crush; white crush
  12. (uncountable, sexuality) A paraphilia involving arousal from seeing things destroyed by crushing.
    • 2000, Katharine Gates, Deviant Desires: Incredibly Strange Sex (page 137)
      Just as they say that marijuana leads to harder drugs, Gallegly is claiming that crush is a “gateway fetish”—a term I’ve never heard before. He claims that if someone starts with bugs they’ll end up escalating to human babies in no time.

Hyponyms

  • (infatuation): squish

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

crush (third-person singular simple present crushes, present participle crushing, simple past and past participle crushed)

  1. To press between two hard objects; to squeeze so as to alter the natural shape or integrity of it, or to force together into a mass.
    to crush grapes
    • 1769, Benjamin Blayney, King James Bible : Leviticus 22:24
      Ye shall not offer unto the Lord that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut
  2. To reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding
    Synonym: comminute
    to crush quartz
    • 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 1
      With a wild scream he was upon her, tearing a great piece from her side with his mighty teeth, and striking her viciously upon her head and shoulders with a broken tree limb until her skull was crushed to a jelly.
  3. (figuratively) To overwhelm by pressure or weight.
    After the corruption scandal, the opposition crushed the ruling party in the elections
  4. (figuratively, colloquial) To do impressively well at (sports events; performances; interviews; etc.).
    They had a gig recently at Madison Square—totally crushed it!
  5. To oppress or grievously burden.
  6. To overcome completely; to subdue totally.
    The sultan’s black guard crushed every resistance bloodily.
  7. (intransitive) To be or become broken down or in, or pressed into a smaller compass, by external weight or force
    an eggshell crushes easily
  8. (intransitive) To feel infatuation or unrequited love.
    She’s crushing on him.
  9. (film, television) To give a compressed or foreshortened appearance to.
    • 2003, Michel Chion, The Films of Jacques Tati (page 78)
      He frames his subject in distant close-ups (we feel the distance, due mostly to the crushed perspective brought about by the telephoto lens).
    • 2010, Birgit Bräuchler, John Postill, Theorising Media and Practice (page 319)
      They realise that trajectories, space expansion and crushing are different with different lenses, whether wide angle or telephoto, and that actors’ eyelines will be altered.
  10. (transitive, television) To make certain colors so similar as to be hard to distinguish, either as a deliberate effect or as a limitation of a display.
    My old TV set crushes the blacks when the brightness is lowered.

Derived terms

Synonyms

  • (trans, to squeeze into a permanent new shape) squash
  • (to pound or grind into fine particles) pulverize, pulverise
  • (to overwhelm) overtake
  • (to impress at) ace; slay at, kill

Translations

References

  • crush in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • Rusch, Schur, churs

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English crush.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈkɾɐʃ/, /ˈkɹɐʃ/

Noun

crush m or m f (in variation) (plural crushes or crush)

  1. (colloquial) crush (a love interest)

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