beaver vs castor what difference

what is difference between beaver and castor

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbiːvə/
  • (General American) enPR: bēʹvər, IPA(key): /ˈbivɚ/
  • Rhymes: -iːvə(ɹ)
  • Homophones: Belvoir, bever, bevor

Etymology 1

From Middle English bever, from Old English beofor (beaver), from Proto-Germanic *bebruz (beaver) (compare West Frisian bever, Dutch bever, French bièvre, German Biber, dialectal Swedish bjur), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰébʰrus (beaver) (compare Welsh befer, Latin fiber, Lithuanian bẽbras, Russian бобр (bobr), Avestan ????????????????????????(bauura), ????????????????????????(bauuri), Sanskrit बभ्रु (bábhru, mongoose; ichneumon)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH- (brown). Related to brown and bear.

Noun

beaver (plural beavers or beaver)

  1. A semiaquatic rodent of the genus Castor, having a wide, flat tail and webbed feet.
  2. A hat, of various shapes, made from a felted beaver fur (or later of silk), fashionable in Europe between 1550 and 1850.
    • a broad beaver slouched over his eyes
    • 1896: For the White Rose of Arno by Owen Rhoscomyl
      The woman’s hair and woman’s beaver had both been jerked off, exposing the cropped head of a man…
  3. (vulgar, slang) The pubic hair and/or vulva of a woman.
    • 2010 Dennis McFadden, Hart’s Grove: Stories
      [] once she wore none at all, swears to this day that he saw her beaver that fateful Friday night.
  4. The fur of the beaver.
  5. Beaver cloth, a heavy felted woollen cloth, used chiefly for making overcoats.
  6. A brown colour, like that of a beaver (also called beaver brown).
  7. (slang) A man who wears a beard.
    • 1936 P.G. Wodehouse, Laughing Gas:
      The beards were false ones. I could see the elastic going over their ears. In other words, I had fallen among a band of criminals who were not wilful beavers, but had merely assumed the fungus for purposes of disguise.
Synonyms
  • (hat): castor, castoreum (archaic)
  • (fur): castorette
  • (cloth): castor
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • Appendix:Animals

Etymology 2

See bevor.

Noun

beaver (plural beavers)

  1. Alternative spelling of bevor (part of a helmet)
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3, Act I, Scene 1,[1]
      Lord Stafford’s father, Duke of Buckingham,
      Is either slain or wounded dangerously;
      I cleft his beaver with a downright blow:
    • 1600, Edward Fairfax, The Jerusalem Delivered of Tasso, XII, lxvii:
      With trembling hands her beaver he untied, / Which done, he saw, and seeing knew her face.
    • 1951 Adaptation of the 1885 Ormsby translation of Cervantes’ Don Quixote, correcting Ormsby as to the portion of the helmet referred to by Cervantes (see Note 11 to Chapter II) at the suggestion of Juan Hartzenbusch, a 19th Century Director of the National Library of Spain.
      They laid a table for him at the door of the inn for the sake of the air, and the host brought him a portion of ill-soaked and worse cooked stockfish, and a piece of bread as black and mouldy as his own armour; but a laughble sight it was to see him eating, for having his helmet on and the beaver up, he could not with his own hands put anything into his mouth unless some one else placed it there, and this service one of the ladies rendered him.
    • 1974, Lawrence Durrell, Monsieur, or the Prince of Darkness, Faber & Faber 1992, p.128:
      As each one brings a little of himself to what he sees you brought the trappings of your historic preoccupations, so that Monsieur flattered you by presenting himself with beaver up like Hamlet’s father’s ghost!

Further reading

  • beaver on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Castor on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • beaver on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
  • The Manual of Heraldry, Fifth Edition, by Anonymous, London, 1862, online at [2]

References



English

Etymology 1

From Old French castor (beaver), from Latin castor (beaver).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɑːs.tə/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːstə(r)
  • Homophone: caster

Noun

castor (plural castors)

  1. A hat made from the fur of the beaver.
  2. A heavy quality of broadcloth for overcoats.
  3. Castoreum (bitter exudate of mature beavers).
  4. Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Ariadne, of Africa and Asia.
Synonyms
  • (hat): beaver, castoreum (archaic)
  • (cloth): beaver
Related terms
  • castorette
  • castoreum
Translations
See also
  • castor bean
  • castor oil

Etymology 2

Named from Greek mythology; see Castor and Pollux. The name pollux was given to another mineral with which it was always found.

Noun

castor (uncountable)

  1. (mineralogy) A variety of petalite found in Elba.
Synonyms
  • castorite

Etymology 3

Alternative spelling of caster, via cast +‎ -or (the Latinate varient of -er).

Noun

castor (plural castors)

  1. (especially Britain) Alternative spelling of caster, especially in its senses
    1. A pivoting roller attached to the bottom of furniture to allow it to be moved.
    2. A container with a perforated cap for sprinkling its contents, especially salt, pepper, &c.
Derived terms
  • castor sugar

References

castor in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • Castro, Cators, Croats, acrost, actors, co-star, costar, scroat, scrota, tarocs

Asturian

Noun

castor m (plural castores)

  1. beaver

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin castor.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /kəsˈto/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /kasˈtoɾ/

Noun

castor m (plural castors)

  1. beaver

Further reading

  • “castor” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

French

Etymology

From Middle French castor, from Old French castor, borrowed from Latin castor, itself from Ancient Greek κάστωρ (kástōr). Though borrowed into French early on, the word remained a more learned term at first, while bièvre was the popular synonym.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kas.tɔʁ/
  • Homophone: castors

Noun

castor m (plural castors)

  1. beaver (aquatic mammal)
    Synonym: (archaic) bièvre

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “castor” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • scorât

Galician

Etymology

From Latin castor (beaver).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kasˈtoɾ/

Noun

castor m (plural castores)

  1. beaver

Latin

Etymology

From Ancient Greek κάστωρ (kástōr), from Doric Greek κάστον (káston, wood). See also Sanskrit कस्तूरी (kastūrī, musk)

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkas.tor/, [ˈkäs̠t̪ɔɾ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈkas.tor/, [ˈkɑst̪ɔr]

Noun

castor m (genitive castoris); third declension

  1. beaver

Declension

Third-declension noun.

Synonyms

  • fiber, beber (Late Latin)

Derived terms

  • castoreātus
  • castoreum
  • castorīnātus
  • castorīnus

Related terms

  • Castor

Descendants

See also

  • Castor

Anagrams

  • Arctos

References

  • castor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • castor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castor in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • castor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • castor in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castor in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Norman

Etymology

Borrowed from French castor, from Latin castor (beaver).

Noun

castor m (plural castors)

  1. (Jersey) beaver

Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin castor (beaver).

Noun

castor m (plural castores)

  1. beaver

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French castor and its source, Latin castor, from Ancient Greek κάστωρ (kástōr).

Noun

castor m (plural castori)

  1. beaver

Declension

Synonyms

  • biber (less common)

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin castor (beaver).

Noun

castor m (plural castores)

  1. beaver

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