become vs rise what difference

what is difference between become and rise

English

Etymology

A compound of the sources of be- and come.
From Middle English becomen, bicumen, from Old English becuman (to come (to), approach, arrive, enter, meet with, fall in with; happen, befall; befit), from Proto-Germanic *bikwemaną (to come around, come about, come across, come by), equivalent to be- (about, around) +‎ come. Cognate with Scots becum (to come, arrive, reach a destination), North Frisian bekommen, bykommen (to come by, obtain, receive), West Frisian bikomme (to come by, obtain, receive), Dutch bekomen (to come by, obtain, receive), German bekommen (to get, receive, obtain), Swedish bekomma (to receive, concern), Gothic ???????????????????????????? (biqiman, to come upon one, befall). Sense of “befit, suit” due to influence from Middle English cweme, icweme, see queem.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɪˈkʌm/, /bəˈkʌm/
    (Northern England) IPA(key): /bɪˈkʊm/, /bəˈkʊm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /bəˈkʌm/, /biˈkʌm/
  • Rhymes: -ʌm
  • Hyphenation: be‧come

Verb

become (third-person singular simple present becomes, present participle becoming, simple past became, past participle become or (rare, dialectal) becomen)

  1. (copulative) begin to be; turn into. [from 12th c.]
    Synonyms: get, turn, go
  2. (copulative) To come about; happen; come into being; arise. [from 12th c.]
  3. (transitive) To be proper for; to beseem. [from 13th c.]
    • 1610-11?, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, scene ii:
      Ay, lord, she will become thy bed, I warrant,
      And bring thee forth brave brood.
    • 1892, Ambrose Bierce, “The Applicant,” in The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce, Volume II: In the Midst of Life (Tales of Soldiers and Civilians), New York: Gordian Press, 1966,[1]
      He was hatted, booted, overcoated, and umbrellaed, as became a person who was about to expose himself to the night and the storm on an errand of charity []
    • 1930, Duff Cooper, Talleyrand, Folio Society, 2010, p.7:
      His ordination [] enabled him to be independent of his parents, and to afford a manner of living which became his rank rather than his calling.
  4. (transitive) Of an adornment, piece of clothing etc.: to look attractive on (someone). [from 14th c.]
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To arrive, come (to a place). [9th–18th c.]

Usage notes

  • In older forms of English, when the pronoun thou was in active use, and verbs used -est for distinct second-person singular indicative forms, the verb become had the form becomest, and had becamest for its past tense.
  • Similarly, when the ending -eth was in active use for third-person singular present indicative forms, the form becometh was used.

Synonyms

  • (to be suitable for): befit, suit

Translations

References

  • become in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • become in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • The Dictionary of the Scots Language
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “become”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rīz, IPA(key): /ɹaɪz/
  • Rhymes: -aɪz
  • for the noun, in the US, also rarely IPA(key): /ɹaɪs/

Etymology 1

From Middle English risen, from Old English rīsan, from Proto-Germanic *rīsaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rey- (to rise, arise). See also raise.

Verb

rise (third-person singular simple present rises, present participle rising, simple past rose, past participle risen)

  1. (intransitive) To move, or appear to move, physically upwards relative to the ground.
    1. To move upwards.
    2. To grow upward; to attain a certain height.
    3. To slope upward.
    4. (of a celestial body) To appear to move upwards from behind the horizon of a planet as a result of the planet’s rotation.
      • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet, Chapter 4,
        And still the hours passed, and at last I knew by the glimmer of light in the tomb above that the sun had risen again, and a maddening thirst had hold of me. And then I thought of all the barrels piled up in the vault and of the liquor that they held; and stuck not because ’twas spirit, for I would scarce have paused to sate that thirst even with molten lead.
    5. To become erect; to assume an upright position.
    6. To leave one’s bed; to get up.
    7. (figuratively) To be resurrected.
    8. (figuratively) To terminate an official sitting; to adjourn.
  2. (intransitive) To increase in value or standing.
    1. To attain a higher status.
      • 1846, Julius Hare, The Mission of the Comforter
        among the rising theologians of Germany
    2. Of a quantity, price, etc., to increase.
    3. To become more and more dignified or forcible; to increase in interest or power; said of style, thought, or discourse.
    4. To ascend on a musical scale; to take a higher pitch.
  3. To begin, to develop; to be initiated.
    1. To become active, effective or operational, especially in response to an external or internal stimulus.
      Thus far, my intellect has been able to rise sufficiently to meet every academic challenge that I have encountered.
      As Patrick continued to goad me, I felt my temper rising towards the limits of my self control.
    2. To develop.
      As hunger and despondency became more intense, a determination rose within me to find a way of getting off the desert island.
      • Professor Peter Crome, chair of the audit’s steering group, said the report “provides further concrete evidence that the care of patients with dementia in hospital is in need of a radical shake-up”. While a few hospitals had risen to the challenge of improving patients’ experiences, many have not, he said. The report recommends that all staff receive basic dementia awareness training, and staffing levels should be maintained to help such patients.
    3. To swell or puff up in the process of fermentation; to become light.
    4. (of a river) To have its source (in a particular place).
      • 1802 December 1, “Interesting description of the Montanna Real”, in The Monthly magazine, or, British register, Number 94 (Number 5 of Volume 14), page 396:
        The majestic Marannon, or Amazon River, rises out of the Lake Launcocha, situated in the province of Tarma, in 10° 14ʹ south latitude, and ten leagues to the north of Pasco.
    5. To become perceptible to the senses, other than sight.
    6. To become agitated, opposed, or hostile; to go to war; to take up arms; to rebel.
    7. To come to mind; to be suggested; to occur.
      • July 9, 1714, Joseph Addison, The Spectator No. 565
        A thought rose in me, which I believe very often perplexes [] men of contemplative natures.
  4. (transitive) To go up; to ascend; to climb.
    to rise a hill
  5. (transitive) To cause to go up or ascend.
    to rise a fish, or cause it to come to the surface of the water
    to rise a ship, or bring it above the horizon by approaching it
    • 1882, William Clark Russell, My Watch Below
      Until we rose the bark we could not pretend to call it a chase.
  6. (obsolete) To retire; to give up a siege.
    • He, [] rising with small honour from Gunza, [] was gone.
  7. To come; to offer itself.
  8. (printing, dated) To be lifted, or capable of being lifted, from the imposing stone without dropping any of the type; said of a form.
Synonyms
  • (move upwards): climb, go up
  • (leave one’s bed): arise, get up; see also Thesaurus:wake
  • (be resurrected): be resurrected, come back from the dead
  • (of a quantity, etc: to increase): climb, increase, go up
Antonyms
  • (move upwards): descend, drop, fall, sink
  • (of a celestial body): set
  • (of a quantity, etc: to increase): be reduced, decrease, drop, fall, go down
Coordinate terms
  • raise
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From the above verb.

Noun

rise (plural rises)

  1. The process of or an action or instance of moving upwards or becoming greater.
    The rise of the tide.
    There was a rise of nearly two degrees since yesterday.
    Exercise is usually accompanied by a temporary rise in blood pressure.
  2. The process of or an action or instance of coming to prominence.
    The rise of the working class.
    The rise of the printing press.
    The rise of the feminists.
  3. (chiefly Britain) An increase (in a quantity, price, etc).
  4. The amount of material extending from waist to crotch in a pair of trousers or shorts.
    The rise of his pants was so low that his tailbone was exposed.
  5. (Britain, Ireland, Australia) An increase in someone’s pay rate; a raise (US).
    The governor just gave me a rise of two pound six.
  6. (Sussex) A small hill; used chiefly in place names.
  7. An area of terrain that tends upward away from the viewer, such that it conceals the region behind it; a slope.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII,
      I went along up the bank with one eye out for pap and t′other one out for what the rise might fetch along.
  8. (informal) An angry reaction.
    I knew that would get a rise out of him.
  9. (architecture) The height of an arch.
    As the rise, i. e. height, of the arch decreases the outward thrust increases.
Synonyms
  • (increase in pay): raise
Antonyms
  • fall
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English ris, rys, from Old English hrīs, from Proto-Germanic *hrīsą (twig; shoot). More at rice.

Noun

rise (plural rises)

  1. Alternative form of rice (twig)
Derived terms
  • rise-wood
Related terms
  • risel

References

Anagrams

  • EIRs, Eris, Iser, SIer, Seri, eirs, ires, reis, sire

Italian

Verb

rise

  1. third-person singular past historic of ridere

Anagrams

  • Eris, IRES, ersi, resi, seri, sire

Latin

Participle

rīse

  1. vocative masculine singular of rīsus

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse risi. Cognate with German Riese (giant)

Noun

rise m (definite singular risen, indefinite plural riser, definite plural risene)

  1. mountain troll.
  2. jotun (jötunn).
Synonyms
  • bergtroll
  • jotun
  • kjempe

Etymology 2

From the noun ris (spanking, whipping)

Verb

rise (present tense riser, past tense riste, past participle rist)

  1. to spank

References

  • “rise” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “rise” in The Ordnett Dictionary

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²riːsə/

Etymology 1

From Old Norse risi

Noun

rise m (definite singular risen, indefinite plural risar, definite plural risane)

  1. a giant, jotun

Etymology 2

Verb

rise (present tense ris, past tense reis, past participle rise, present participle risande, imperative ris)

  1. Alternative form of risa

Etymology 3

Verb

rise (present tense risar, past tense risa, past participle risa, passive infinitive risast, present participle risande, imperative ris)

  1. Alternative form of risa

References

  • “rise” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Tarantino

Noun

rise

  1. rice

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