bedim vs benight what difference

what is difference between bedim and benight

English

Etymology

From be- +‎ dim.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪˈdɪm/

Verb

bedim (third-person singular simple present bedims, present participle bedimming, simple past and past participle bedimmed)

  1. (transitive) To make dim; to obscure or darken.
    • c. 1611,, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, Scene 1,[1]
      [] by whose aid,
      Weak masters though ye be, I have bedimm’d
      The noontide sun []
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, Book 4, Chapter VII, “The Gifted,”[2]
      Read in thy New Testament and elsewhere, — if, with floods of mealymouthed inanity, with miserable froth-vortices of Cant now several centuries old, thy New Testament is not all bedimmed for thee.
    • 1905, James Hastings, Ann Wilson Hastings, Edward Hastings, The Expository times: Volume 16:
      There will be no folly, nor laughter, nor bedimming of truth […]

Translations

Anagrams

  • imbed


English

Alternative forms

  • benighten

Etymology

From Middle English benyghten, binighten, bynyȝten, equivalent to be- +‎ night.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -aɪt

Verb

benight (third-person singular simple present benights, present participle benighting, simple past and past participle benighted) (archaic, transitive)

  1. (chiefly in passive) To overtake (a traveller etc) with the darkness of night, especially before shelter is reached.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, I.21:
      [H]e struck off the common road, to take the benefit of a nearer cut; and finding himself benighted near a village, took up his lodging at the first inn to which his horse directed him.
  2. To darken; to shroud or obscure.
  3. To plunge or be overwhelmed in moral or intellectual darkness.
    • 1819, Reginald Heber, The Missionary Hymn:
      Can we whose souls are lighted
      With Wisdom from on high,
      Can we to men benighted
      The lamp of life deny?

Derived terms

  • benighted
  • benightedly
  • benightedness
  • benighter
  • benighting
  • benightment

Translations

References

  • OED 2nd edition 1989

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