benjamin vs benzoin what difference

what is difference between benjamin and benzoin



  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛnd͡ʒəmɪn/
  • Hyphenation: ben‧ja‧min

Etymology 1

From benzoin, modified by folk etymology to match the name Benjamin.


benjamin (countable and uncountable, plural benjamins)

  1. A balsamic resin from the bark of Styrax trees used in perfumes, incense, and medicine; benzoin resin.
  2. A type of tree which produces benzoin or has similar properties; specifically, Styrax benzoin, Lindera benzoin, or Ficus benjamina; a Benjamin bush.
  3. (Britain, informal, dated) A kind of upper coat for men.
    • 1826, The Atheneum: Volume 18, page 236
      something which is not long enough to constitute a benjamin, and too long for a dress coat or spencer

See also

  • Benjamin tree on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

From the image of Benjamin Franklin on the US $100 bill.


benjamin (plural benjamins)

  1. (US, slang) Alternative form of Benjamin: a US $100 bill.



  • IPA(key): /bɛ̃.ʒa.mɛ̃/

Etymology 1

From the biblical character Benjamin.


benjamin m (plural benjamins, feminine benjamine)

  1. youngest child (in a family)
  2. child loved disproportionally more by the parents in a family
  3. (sports) One of the age classes for children; varies by sport.

Etymology 2

After French Scrabble player Benjamin Hannuna.


benjamin m (plural benjamins)

  1. (Scrabble) A three-letter addition to the beginning of a word that creates another valid word, especially one that reaches a “triple word score” square.

Further reading

  • “benjamin” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).



From Middle French benjoin, from Spanish benjuí, Portuguese beijoim, Italian benzoi, from Arabic لُبَان جَاوِيّ(lubān jāwiyy, Javanese frankincense). The initial lu was probably lost because it was taken as the definite article in Romance. Compare oliban.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbɛnzəʊɪn/, /ˈbɛnzɔɪn/


benzoin (countable and uncountable, plural benzoins)

  1. A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume. [from 16th c.]
  2. (organic chemistry) An aromatic hydroxy ketone, 2-hydroxy-1,2-di(phenyl)ethanone, synthesized from benzaldehyde; any derivative of this compound. [from 19th c.]
  3. The spicebush, Lindera benzoin. [from 19th c.]

Derived terms

Related terms

  • benjamin



  • Benzion

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