bequeath vs leave what difference

what is difference between bequeath and leave

English

Etymology

From Middle English bequethen, from Old English becweþan (to say, to speak to, address, exhort, admonish, blame, bequeath, leave by will), equivalent to be- +‎ quethe. Cognate with West Frisian bekwathan.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɪˈkwiːθ/, /bɪˈkwiːð/
  • Hyphenation: be‧queath
  • Rhymes: -iːð or Rhymes: -iːθ

Verb

bequeath (third-person singular simple present bequeaths, present participle bequeathing, simple past bequeathed or (obsolete) bequoth, past participle bequeathed or (rare) bequethen or (obsolete) bequothen)

  1. (law) To give or leave by will; to give by testament.
  2. To hand down; to transmit.
  3. To give; to offer; to commit.

Usage notes

  • (give or leave by will): The verb bequeath is usually used of personal property; for real property, the term devise is preferred (hence the phrase give, devise, and bequeath).

Related terms

  • quethe
  • quoth
  • bequest

Translations



English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /liːv/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /liv/
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Etymology 1

From Middle English leven, from Old English lǣfan (to leave), from Proto-Germanic *laibijaną (to let stay, leave), causative of *lībaną (to stay, remain), from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (to stick; fat). Cognate with Old Frisian lēva (to leave), Old Saxon lēvian, Old High German leiban (to leave), Old Norse leifa (to leave over) (whence Icelandic leifa (to leave food uneaten)), lifna (to be left) (whence Danish levne). More at lave, belive.

Verb

leave (third-person singular simple present leaves, present participle leaving, simple past and past participle left)

  1. To have a consequence or remnant.
    1. (transitive) To cause or allow (something) to remain as available; to refrain from taking (something) away; to stop short of consuming or otherwise depleting (something) entirely.
    2. (transitive or intransitive, copulative) To cause, to result in.
    3. (transitive) To put; to place; to deposit; to deliver, with a sense of withdrawing oneself.
  2. To depart; to separate from.
    1. To let be or do without interference.
    2. (transitive) To depart from; to end one’s connection or affiliation with.
    3. (transitive) To end one’s membership in (a group); to terminate one’s affiliation with (an organization); to stop participating in (a project).
      • 2018, The Independent, “Brexit: Theresa May ‘not bluffing’ in threat to leave EU without a deal, Tory minister Liam Fox says”
        If we were to leave, the economic impact on a number of European countries would be severe.
    4. (intransitive) To depart; to go away from a certain place or state.
  3. To transfer something.
    1. (transitive) To transfer possession of after death.
    2. (transitive) To give (something) to someone; to deliver (something) to a repository; to deposit.
    3. (transitive) To transfer responsibility or attention of (something) (to someone); to stop being concerned with.
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To remain (behind); to stay.
  5. (transitive, archaic) To stop, desist from; to “leave off” (+ noun / gerund).
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke V:
      When he had leeft speakynge, he sayde vnto Simon: Cary vs into the depe, and lett slippe thy nette to make a draught.
    • 1716 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, The Basset-Table. An Eclogue.[1]
      Now leave Complaining, and begin your Tea.
Conjugation
Synonyms
  • (to end one’s connection with): depart, forget, leave behind
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Formed in English by conversion (anthimeria) of the transitive verb leave (cause or allow to remain available). Attested since the 19th century, with earliest references to billiards.

Noun

leave (plural leaves)

  1. (cricket) The action of the batsman not attempting to play at the ball.
  2. (billiards) The arrangement of balls in play that remains after a shot is made (which determines whether the next shooter — who may be either the same player, or an opponent — has good options, or only poor ones).

Etymology 3

From Middle English leve, from Old English lēaf (permission, privilege), from Proto-Germanic *laubō, *laubą (permission, privilege, favour, worth), from Proto-Indo-European *lewbʰ- (to love, hold dear). Cognate with obsolete German Laube (permission), Swedish lov (permission), Icelandic leyfi (permission). Related to Dutch verlof, German Erlaubnis. See also love.

Noun

leave (countable and uncountable, plural leaves)

  1. Permission to be absent; time away from one’s work.
    Synonyms: annual leave, holiday; see also Thesaurus:vacation
  2. (dated or law) Permission.
    Synonyms: authorisation, consent
  3. (dated) Farewell, departure.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English leven, from Old English līefan (to allow, grant, concede; believe, trust, confide in), from Proto-Germanic *laubijaną (to allow, praise), from Proto-Indo-European *lewbʰ- (to love, hold dear). Cognate with German lauben (to allow, believe), Icelandic leyfa (to allow).

Verb

leave (third-person singular simple present leaves, present participle leaving, simple past and past participle leaved or left)

  1. (transitive) To give leave to; allow; permit; let; grant.

Etymology 5

From Middle English leven, from lef (leaf). More at leaf.

Verb

leave (third-person singular simple present leaves, present participle leaving, simple past and past participle leaved)

  1. (intransitive, rare) To produce leaves or foliage.
    • 1868, Edward Fitzgerald, The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, 2nd edition:
      Each Morn a thousand Roses brings, you say:
      Yes, but where leaves the Rose of Yesterday?
Synonyms
  • leaf (verb)
Translations

Etymology 6

From French lever. Compare levy. Compare also Middle English leve, a variant of levy that may have been monosyllabic.

Verb

leave (third-person singular simple present leaves, present participle leaving, simple past and past participle leaved)

  1. (obsolete) To raise; to levy.

References

  • leave in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • leave in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • Veale, veale

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