berate vs rag what difference

what is difference between berate and rag

English

Etymology

be- +‎ rate (to scold, upbraid)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪˈɹeɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Verb

berate (third-person singular simple present berates, present participle berating, simple past and past participle berated)

  1. (transitive) to chide or scold vehemently
    • 1896, Gilbert Parker, Seats Of The Mighty, ch. 13:
      Gabord, still muttering, turned to us again, and began to berate the soldiers for their laziness.
    • 1917, Jack London, Jerry of the Islands, ch. 14:
      Lenerengo, as usual, forgot everything else in the fiercer pleasure of berating her spouse.
    • 2008, Alex Perry, “The Man Who Would Be (Congo’s) King,” Time, 27 Nov.:
      During the rally, he berates the crowd for their cowardice.
    • 2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France [1]
      France were supposedly a team in pieces, beaten by Tonga just a week ago and with coach Marc Lievremont publicly berating his players, but so clear-cut was their victory that much of the atmosphere had been sucked from the contest long before the end.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:reprehend

Related terms

  • beration

Translations

Anagrams

  • Bartee, beater, betear, erbate, rebate, rebeat

German

Pronunciation

Verb

berate

  1. inflection of beraten:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular subjunctive I
    3. singular imperative


English

Pronunciation

  • (General American, Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɹæɡ/
  • Rhymes: -æɡ

Etymology 1

From Middle English ragge, from Old English ragg (suggested by derivative raggiġ (shaggy; bristly; ragged)), from Old Norse rǫgg (tuft; shagginess). Cognate with Swedish ragg. Related to rug.

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. (in the plural) Tattered clothes.
  2. A piece of old cloth, especially one used for cleaning, patching, etc.; a tattered piece of cloth; a shred or tatter.
  3. A shabby, beggarly fellow; a ragamuffin.
  4. A ragged edge in metalworking.
  5. (nautical, slang) A sail, or any piece of canvas.
  6. (singular or plural, slang) Sanitary napkins, pads, or other materials used to absorb menstrual discharge.
  7. (slang, derogatory) A newspaper or magazine, especially one whose journalism is considered to be of poor quality.
    Synonym: fish wrap
  8. (poker) A poor, low-ranking kicker.
    I have ace-four on my hand. In other words, I have ace-rag.
  9. (slang, theater) A curtain of various kinds.
  10. (dated) A person suffering from exhaustion or lack of energy.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. (transitive) To decorate (a wall, etc.) by applying paint with a rag.
  2. (intransitive) To become tattered.

Etymology 2

Unknown origin; perhaps the same word as Etymology 1, above.

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. A coarse kind of rock, somewhat cellular in texture; ragstone.
    • 2003, Peter Ackroyd, The Clerkenwell Tales, page 1:
      the three walls around the garden, each one of thirty-three feet, were built out of three layers of stone — pebble stone, flint and rag stone.
Derived terms
  • coral rag
  • Kentish rag
  • ragwork

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. To break (ore) into lumps for sorting.
  2. To cut or dress roughly, as a grindstone.

Etymology 3

Origin uncertain.

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. To scold or tell off; to torment; to banter.
  2. (Britain slang) To drive a car or another vehicle in a hard, fast or unsympathetic manner.
  3. To tease or torment, especially at a university; to bully, to haze.
Derived terms
  • bullirag
  • rag the puck
  • rag on
Translations

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. (dated) A prank or practical joke.
  2. (Britain, Ireland) A society run by university students for the purpose of charitable fundraising.

Derived terms

  • rag day
  • rag week

Etymology 4

Perhaps from ragged. Compare later ragtime.

Noun

rag (plural rags)

  1. (obsolete, US) An informal dance party featuring music played by African-American string bands. [19th c.]
  2. A ragtime song, dance or piece of music. [from 19th c.]
Translations

Verb

rag (third-person singular simple present rags, present participle ragging, simple past and past participle ragged)

  1. (transitive, informal) To play or compose (a piece, melody, etc.) in syncopated time.
  2. (intransitive, informal) To dance to ragtime music.
  3. (music, obsolete) To add syncopation (to a tune) and thereby make it appropriate for a ragtime song.

References

Anagrams

  • ARG, Arg., GAR, Gra, RGA, arg, gar

Breton

Preposition

rag

  1. before

Dutch

Etymology 1

Unknown, only found to related to West Frisian reach, though possibly more distantly to Old Saxon raginna (rough hair), Old English ragu (moss).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɑx/

Noun

rag n (plural raggen, diminutive ragje n)

  1. spider silk
Synonyms
  • spinrag
Derived terms
  • ragfijn

Etymology 2

From English rag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɛɡ/

Noun

rag n (plural rags, diminutive ragje n)

  1. a piece of ragtime music

German

Verb

rag

  1. singular imperative of ragen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of ragen

Hungarian

Etymology

Back-formation from ragad. Created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɒɡ]
  • Hyphenation: rag
  • Rhymes: -ɒɡ

Noun

rag (plural ragok)

  1. (grammar) inflectional suffix/affix, termination, ending (for nominals, mostly case endings; for verbs and postpositions, personal suffixes; almost exclusively at the very end of a word in Hungarian)
    Hypernym: toldalék
    Coordinate terms: képző, jel

Declension

Derived terms

See also

  • Appendix:Hungarian suffixes

Further reading

  • (suffix): rag in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([regional] a kind of beam or a part of the roof): rag in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

North Frisian

Noun

rag m (plural rager)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) (anatomy) back

Scottish Gaelic

Adjective

rag

  1. stiff, rigid, inflexible
  2. stubborn, obstinate

Derived terms

  • rag-mhuinealach

Somali

Noun

rag ?

  1. man

Zhuang

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /ɣaːk˧/
  • Tone numbers: rag8
  • Hyphenation: rag

Etymology 1

From Proto-Tai *C̬.raːkᴰ (root). Cognate with Thai ราก (râak), Northern Thai ᩁᩣ᩠ᨠ, Khün ᩁᩣ᩠ᨠ, Lao ຮາກ (hāk), ᦣᦱᧅ (haak), Tai Dam ꪭꪱꪀ, Shan ႁၢၵ်ႈ (hāak), Ahom ???????????? (rak), Nong Zhuang laeg, Zuojiang Zhuang lag, Saek ร̄าก.

Noun

rag (old orthography rag)

  1. root

Etymology 2

From Proto-Tai *C̬.laːkᴰ (to pull; to drag). Cognate with Thai ลาก (lâak), Lao ລາກ (lāk), Shan လၢၵ်ႈ (lāak), Ahom ???????????? (lak), Nong Zhuang laeg, Zuojiang Zhuang lag.

Verb

rag (old orthography rag)

  1. to drag; to pull; to haul

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