berg vs iceberg what difference

what is difference between berg and iceberg

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɜːɡ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /bɝɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)ɡ

Etymology 1

Clipping of iceberg.

Noun

berg (plural bergs)

  1. An iceberg.
Derived terms
  • earthberg
  • fatberg

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Afrikaans berg. Doublet of barrow.

Noun

berg (plural bergs)

  1. (chiefly South Africa) mountain

Related terms

  • iceberg
  • bergschrund
  • hauberk

Anagrams

  • Greb, gerb

Afrikaans

Etymology 1

From Dutch berg.

Noun

berg (plural berge, diminutive bergie)

  1. mountain
Derived terms
  • bergreeks
Descendants
  • English: berg

Etymology 2

From Dutch bergen.

Verb

berg (present berg, present participle bergende, past participle geberg)

  1. To salvage, usually cargo from a ship.
  2. To store; to stash; to put away.
Synonyms
  • bêre
Derived terms
  • bergloon
  • bergplek

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛrx/
  • Hyphenation: berg
  • Rhymes: -ɛrx

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch berch, from Old Dutch berg, from Proto-West Germanic *berg, from Proto-Germanic *bergaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ-.

Noun

berg m (plural bergen, diminutive bergje n)

  1. mountain, hill
  2. (figurative) a large amount, a pile; a stock, reserve; a surplus
Derived terms

(actually mountain-related):

(figurative):

Descendants
  • Afrikaans: berg
    • English: berg
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: berki
  • Jersey Dutch: bêrix
  • Negerhollands: berg, bergi
    • Virgin Islands Creole: berg, bergi
  • Sranan Tongo: bergi

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

berg

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bergen
  2. imperative of bergen

Faroese

Etymology

From Old Norse berg, from Proto-Germanic *bergaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ-.

Noun

berg n (genitive singular bergs, plural berg)

  1. cliff, cliff face

Declension

Related terms

  • fjall
  • tindur
  • brekka
  • brattur

Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse berg

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɛrk/
  • Rhymes: -ɛrk

Noun

berg n (genitive singular bergs, nominative plural berg)

  1. rock face

Declension

Derived terms

  • völuberg

Limburgish

Etymology

From Middle Dutch berch

Noun

berg m

  1. (geography) mountain

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • berȝ, berȝe

Etymology

From Old English ġebeorg (unprefixed beorg is found in compounds; compare scūrbeorg (roof, shelter from the storm)), from beorgan (to shelter, protect).

Noun

berg

  1. protection, shelter
  2. guardian, watchman

References

  • “berg, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-05-04.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse berg, bjarg, from Proto-Germanic *bergaz. Related to berge (rescue, bring to shore/land)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛɾɡ/, [bæɾɡ]

Noun

berg n (definite singular berget, indefinite plural berg, definite plural berga or bergene)

  1. mountain, hill
  2. rock
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

berg

  1. imperative of berge

References

  • “berg” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse berg, bjarg, from Proto-Germanic *bergaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛrɡ/

Noun

berg n (definite singular berget, indefinite plural berg, definite plural berga)

  1. mountain, hill
  2. rock

Derived terms

References

  • “berg” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *berg

Noun

berg m

  1. mountain, hill

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: berch
    • Dutch: berg
      • Afrikaans: berg
        • English: berg
      • Berbice Creole Dutch: berki
      • Jersey Dutch: bêrix
      • Negerhollands: berg, bergi
        • Virgin Islands Creole: berg, bergi
      • Sranan Tongo: bergi
    • Limburgish: berg

Further reading

  • “berg”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *berg

Noun

berg m (plural berga)

  1. mountain, hill

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle High German: bërc
    • Alemannic German: Bäärg, Bärg, Bèèrg, Bërg
    • Bavarian:
      Cimbrian: pèrge
      Mòcheno: pèrg
    • Central Franconian: Berch
      Eifel: Bersch
      Hunsrik: Berrich
    • East Central German: Barg (Erzgebirgisch)
    • German: Berg
    • Luxembourgish: Bierg
    • Pennsylvania German: Barig
    • Yiddish: באַרג(barg)
  • Old High German: giberg
    • Middle High German: gebërc
      • Vilamovian: gybiyg

Old Norse

Alternative forms

  • bjarg

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *bergaz.

Noun

berg n

  1. rock, boulder
  2. cliff, precipice

Declension

Descendants

  • Icelandic: berg, bjarg
  • Faroese: berg, bjarg, bjørg
  • Norwegian: berg
  • Old Swedish: biærgh, bærgh
    • Swedish: berg
  • Elfdalian: bjärr
  • Old Danish: biargh, biærgh, bærgh
    • Danish: bjerg
  • Westrobothnian: berg, bärg, bäri
  • Elfdalian: bjärr, bjärg-, bjärgs-, bjärrs-
  • Gutnish: berg, bjerg, bjerr
  • Scanian: bjærğ
  • Scots: berg

References

  • berg in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Zoëga, Geir T. (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic[2], Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • berag

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *berg

Noun

berg m

  1. mountain, hill

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German: berch
    • German Low German: Barg
    • Plautdietsch: Boajch

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse bjarg, berg, from Proto-Germanic *bergaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ-.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛrj/

Noun

berg n

  1. mountain
  2. bedrock, mine
    man har borrat genom berget, för att finna rikedom

    they have drilled through the bedrock, hoping to find wealth
    eld i berget!

    warning cry that an explosive charge has been ignited in a mine
  3. a mountain, a very large heap
    Ett berg med papper

    A mountain of paper

Declension

Related terms

References

  • berg in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)

Westrobothnian

Noun

berg n

  1. Alternative spelling of bärg


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Dutch ijsberg (compound of ijs (ice) + berg (mountain)), from Middle Dutch ijsberch. First used to describe a glacier as seen at a distance from a ship then used as a term to describe the floating chunks of ice broken off from such glaciers. Cognate to German Eisberg, Danish isbjerg, Norwegian isberg and Swedish isberg.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈaɪsbɜːɡ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈaɪsbɝɡ/
  • Hyphenation: ice‧berg

Noun

iceberg (plural icebergs)

  1. (obsolete) The seaward end of a glacier. [18th–19th c.]
  2. A huge mass of ocean-floating ice which has broken off a glacier or ice shelf [from 19th c.]
  3. (US, slang) An aloof person. [from 19th c.]
  4. (figuratively, after an adjective) An impending disastrous event whose adverse effects are only beginning to show, in reference to one-tenth of the volume of an iceberg being visible above water.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • French: iceberg
  • Spanish: iceberg
  • Portuguese: iceberg, icebergue, aicebergue
  • Welsh: eisberg

Translations

See also

  • freeboard
  • growler
  • melt pond

References

  • iceberg on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Icebergs on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “iceberg”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

French

Etymology

From English iceberg, from Dutch ijsberg (literally ice mountain).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ajs.bɛʁɡ/, /is.bɛʁɡ/, /ajz.bɛʁɡ/, /iz.bɛʁɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʁɡ
  • Homophone: icebergs

Noun

iceberg m (plural icebergs)

  1. iceberg

Derived terms

  • partie émergée de l’iceberg
  • partie visible de l’iceberg
  • sommet de l’iceberg

Further reading

  • “iceberg” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Noun

iceberg m (plural icebergs)

  1. iceberg

Italian

Etymology

From English iceberg, from Dutch ijsberg (literally ice mountain).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈaj.zberɡ/, /ˈajˌzbɛrɡ/

Noun

iceberg m (invariable)

  1. iceberg

Derived terms

  • punta dell’iceberg (tip of the iceberg)

See also

  • ghiaccio (ice)

References


Portuguese

Alternative forms

  • icebergue, aicebergue (prescribed)

Etymology

From English iceberg, from Dutch ijsberg (literally ice mountain).

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˌaj.siˈbɛʁ.ɡi/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ɐj.sɨˈbɛɾ.ɡ(ɨ)/

Noun

iceberg m (plural icebergs)

  1. iceberg (huge mass of floating ice)

Spanish

Etymology

From English iceberg, from Dutch ijsberg (literally ice mountain).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /iθeˈbeɾɡ/, [i.θeˈβ̞eɾɣ̞]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /iseˈbeɾɡ/, [i.seˈβ̞eɾɣ̞]
  • (Latin America, also) IPA(key): /ˈaisbeɾɡ/, [ˈai̯z.β̞eɾɣ̞]

Noun

iceberg m (plural icebergs)

  1. iceberg
    Synonym: témpano de hielo

Derived terms

  • punta del iceberg f

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