berth vs bunk what difference

what is difference between berth and bunk

English

Alternative forms

  • birth, byrth (obsolete)

Etymology

Origin obscure. Possibly from Middle English *berth (bearing, carriage), equivalent to bear +‎ -th. This would make it a doublet of birth.

Alternatively, from an alteration of Middle English beard, bærde (bearing, conduct), itself of obscure formation. Compare Old English ġebǣru (bearing, conduct, behaviour).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /bɜːθ/
  • (US) enPR: bûrth, IPA(key): /bɝθ/
  • Homophone: birth
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)θ

Noun

berth (plural berths)

  1. A fixed bunk for sleeping (in caravans, trains, etc).
  2. Room for maneuvering or safety. (Often used in the phrase a wide berth.)
  3. A space for a ship to moor or a vehicle to park.
  4. (nautical) A room in which a number of the officers or ship’s company mess and reside.
  5. A job or position, especially on a ship.
  6. (sports) Position or seed in a tournament bracket.
  7. (sports) position on the field of play

Translations

Verb

berth (third-person singular simple present berths, present participle berthing, simple past and past participle berthed)

  1. (transitive) to bring (a ship or vehicle) into its berth
  2. (transitive) to assign a berth (bunk or position) to

Translations


Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɛrθ/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Brythonic *berθ, from Proto-Celtic *berxtos.

Adjective

berth (feminine singular berth, plural berthion, equative berthed, comparative berthach, superlative berthaf)

  1. (obsolete) fair, fine, beautiful

Derived terms

  • anferth (colossal, gargantuan)
  • prydferth (beautiful, handsome)

Mutation

Etymology 2

Noun

berth

  1. Soft mutation of perth (hedge).

Mutation


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bŭngk, IPA(key): /bʌŋk/
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋk

Etymology 1

Sense of sleeping berth possibly from Scottish English bunker (seat, bench), origin is uncertain but possibly Scandinavian.
Confer Old Swedish bunke (boards used to protect the cargo of a ship).
See also boarding, flooring and confer bunch.

Noun

bunk (plural bunks)

  1. One of a series of berths or beds placed in tiers.
  2. (nautical) A built-in bed on board ship, often erected in tiers one above the other.
  3. (military) A cot.
  4. (US) A wooden case or box, which serves for a seat in the daytime and for a bed at night.
  5. (US, dialect) A piece of wood placed on a lumberman’s sled to sustain the end of heavy timbers.
Derived terms
  • bunk bed, bunkbed
  • bunkhouse
  • bunkmate
  • bunkspace
Translations

Verb

bunk (third-person singular simple present bunks, present participle bunking, simple past and past participle bunked)

  1. To occupy a bunk.
  2. To provide a bunk.

Derived terms

  • bunk up
Translations

Etymology 2

Shortened from bunkum, a variant of buncombe, from Buncombe County, North Carolina. See bunkum for more.

Noun

bunk (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Bunkum; senseless talk, nonsense.

Adjective

bunk (not comparable)

  1. (slang) defective, broken, not functioning properly
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:nonsense
Derived terms
  • debunk
Translations

Etymology 3

19th century, of uncertain origin; perhaps from previous “to occupy a bunk” meaning, with connotations of a hurried departure, as if on a ship.

Verb

bunk (third-person singular simple present bunks, present participle bunking, simple past and past participle bunked)

  1. (Britain) To fail to attend school or work without permission; to play truant (usually as in ‘to bunk off’).
  2. (dated) To expel from a school.
Translations

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “bunk”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • Webster’s Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967
  • bunk in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • knub

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