betray vs deceive what difference

what is difference between betray and deceive

English

Etymology

From Middle English betrayen, betraien, equivalent to be- +‎ tray (to betray). English tray (to betray) derives from Middle English traien, from Old French traïr (to commit treason, betray), from Latin trādō (to deliver, give over). Compare also traitor, treason, tradition. In English betrayen meant solely to commit an act of treason against someone; deliver someone treasonably to an enemy; betray one’s trust; deceive, mislead. The modern sense to disclose, discover, reveal unintentionally is due to influence from or merger with English bewray (to reveal, divulge), which is similar in sound and meaning. The similarity with German betrügen, Dutch bedriegen, from Proto-West Germanic *bidreugan (to betray, deceive), is coincidental.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bəˈtɹeɪ/, /bɪˈtɹeɪ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Verb

betray (third-person singular simple present betrays, present participle betraying, simple past and past participle betrayed)

  1. (transitive) To deliver into the hands of an enemy by treachery or fraud, in violation of trust; to give up treacherously or faithlessly.
    an officer betrayed the city
  2. (transitive) To prove faithless or treacherous to, as to a trust or one who trusts; to be false to; to deceive.
    to betray a person or a cause
    Quresh betrayed Sunil to marry Nuzhat.
    My eyes have been betraying me since I turned sixty.
  3. (transitive) To violate the confidence of, by disclosing a secret, or that which one is bound in honor not to make known.
  4. (transitive) To disclose or indicate, for example something which prudence would conceal; to reveal unintentionally.
    Though he had lived in England for many years, a faint accent betrayed his Swedish origin.
  5. (transitive) To mislead; to expose to inconvenience not foreseen; to lead into error or sin.
  6. (transitive) To lead astray; to seduce (as under promise of marriage) and then abandon.

Synonyms

  • (to prove faithless or treacherous): sell

Derived terms

  • betrayer
  • betrayal (noun)

Translations

Further reading

  • betray in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • betray in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • baryte


English

Alternative forms

  • deceave (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English deceyven, desayven, dissayven, from Old French decever, decevoir, from Latin dēcipiō (to deceive; beguile; entrap), from dē- (from) + capiō (to seize); see captive. Compare conceive, perceive, receive. Displaced native Old English beswīcan.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɪˈsiːv/
  • Hyphenation: de‧ceive
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Verb

deceive (third-person singular simple present deceives, present participle deceiving, simple past and past participle deceived)

  1. (transitive) To trick or mislead.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:deceive

Related terms

  • deception
  • deceptive
  • deceit

Translations

Further reading

  • deceive in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • deceive in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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