betroth vs plight what difference

what is difference between betroth and plight

English

Etymology

From Middle English bitrouthen, bitreuthen, from treuthe (truth), from Old English trēowþe (truth, pledge, troth). Equivalent to be- +‎ troth.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /bəˈtɹoʊð/
  • Rhymes: -əʊð

Verb

betroth (third-person singular simple present betroths, present participle betrothing, simple past betrothed, past participle betrothed or betrothen)

  1. To promise to give in marriage.
    He betrothed his daughter to a distant relative.
    • 1885 — Gilbert & Sullivan, The Mikado
      We loved each other at once, but she was betrothed to her guardian Ko-Ko, a cheap tailor.
  2. To promise to take (as a future spouse); to plight one’s troth to.

Derived terms

  • betrothable
  • betrothed

Translations

See also

  • affiance
  • fiancé
  • fiancée
  • plight
  • troth
  • marriage


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: plīt, IPA(key): /plaɪt/
  • Rhymes: -aɪt

Etymology 1

From Middle English plit (fold, wrinkle, bad situation), conflation of Middle English pliht, plight (risky promise, peril) (from Old English pliht “danger, risk”) and Anglo-Norman plit, plyte (fold, condition), from Old French pleit (condition, manner of folding) (from Vulgar Latin *plictum, from Latin plicitum (fold)).

Noun

plight (plural plights)

  1. A dire or unfortunate situation. [from 14th c.]
    • 2005, Lesley Brown, translating Plato, Sophist, 243c:
      Though we say we are quite clear about it and understand when someone uses the expression, unlike that other expression, maybe we’re in the same plight with regard to them both.
  2. (now rare) A (neutral) condition or state. [from 14th c.]
  3. (obsolete) Good health. [14th–19th c.]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.7:
      All wayes shee sought him to restore to plight, / With herbs, with charms, with counsel, and with teares [].
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English plight (risk, danger), from Old English pliht (peril, risk, danger, damage, plight), from Proto-West Germanic *plihti (care, responsibility, duty). A suffixed form of the root represented by Old English pleoh (risk, danger, hurt, peril”; also “responsibility) and plēon (to endanger, risk). Akin to Old English plihtan (to endanger, compromise). Cognate with Scots plicht (responsibility, plight), Dutch plicht, Low German plicht (duty), German Pflicht (duty), Danish pligt (duty), Yiddish פֿליכט(flikht). More at pledge.

Noun

plight (plural plights)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) Responsibility for ensuing consequences; risk; danger; peril.
  2. (now chiefly dialectal) An instance of danger or peril; a dangerous moment or situation.
  3. (now chiefly dialectal) Blame; culpability; fault; wrong-doing; sin; crime.
  4. (now chiefly dialectal) One’s office; duty; charge.
  5. (archaic) That which is exposed to risk; that which is plighted or pledged; security; a gage; a pledge.
Derived terms
  • plightful
  • plightly
Translations

Verb

plight (third-person singular simple present plights, present participle plighting, simple past and past participle plighted)

  1. (transitive, now rare) To expose to risk; to pledge.
  2. (transitive) Specifically, to pledge (one’s troth etc.) as part of a marriage ceremony.
  3. (reflexive) To promise (oneself) to someone, or to do something.
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial 2007, p. 226:
      I ask what I have done to deserve it, one daughter hobnobbing with radicals and the other planning to plight herself to a criminal.
Derived terms
  • plighter

Etymology 3

From Middle English plyghten, plyȝten, pleyȝten, pleiten, pliten, from the noun (see below).

Verb

plight (third-person singular simple present plights, present participle plighting, simple past and past participle plighted)

  1. (obsolete) To weave; to braid; to fold; to plait.

Etymology 4

From Middle English pliȝt, plight, plyt, pleit, from Anglo-Norman pleit (pleat, fold). More at plait.

Noun

plight (plural plights)

  1. (obsolete) A network; a plait; a fold; rarely a garment.

Further reading

  • Plight in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

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