bezant vs solidus what difference

what is difference between bezant and solidus

English

Alternative forms

  • besant, byzant
  • bezaunt (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English besaunt, from Old French bezant, nominative bezanz, from Latin byzantius (of Byzantium).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛzənt/

Noun

bezant (plural bezants)

  1. (historical) A coin made of gold or silver, minted at Byzantium and used in currency throughout mediaeval Europe.
  2. (heraldry) The heraldic representation of a gold coin.

Translations

Anagrams

  • batzen

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch besant, from Old French bezant, from Latin byzantius.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bəˈzɑnt/
  • Hyphenation: be‧zant
  • Rhymes: -ɑnt

Noun

bezant m (plural bezanten, diminutive bezantje n)

  1. bezant (coin)
  2. (heraldry) bezant

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bə.zɑ̃/
  • Homophones: besant, besants, bezants

Noun

bezant m (plural bezants)

  1. bezant (coin)

Further reading

  • “bezant” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Old French

Noun

bezant m (oblique plural bezanz or bezantz, nominative singular bezanz or bezantz, nominative plural bezant)

  1. bezant (coin)


English

Etymology

From Middle English solidus, from classical Latin solidus (solid), see below.

In numismatic and weight senses, via medieval Latin solidus (various coins), from Late Latin solidus (a gold coin of the Roman Empire). In chemical sense, via German Solidus, coined by H.W.B. Roozeboom in his 1899 Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Stöchiometrie, und Verwandtschaftslehre (XXX, page 387).

In typography, from the shilling mark originally being an abbreviation (a long s ⟨ſ⟩), of Medieval Latin solidus meaning shilling.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) enPR: sŏl’ĭdəs, IPA(key): /ˈsɑlɪdəs/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɒlɪdəs/

Noun

solidus (plural solidi or soliduses)

  1. (historical) Various medieval and early modern coins or units of account, particularly:
    1. A Roman ~23k gold coin introduced by Diocletian in AD 301 and called by that name, but reissued at a slightly lower weight by Constantine I.
    2. Its successor Byzantine coins, from the eleventh century onward of progressively debased weight and purity.
    3. (obsolete) Synonym of sol or sou: a Carolingian unit of account equivalent to a solidus of silver.
    4. (obsolete) Synonym of soldo: the silver coins of various Italian states.
    5. (obsolete) Synonym of shilling: an English unit of account and, following the Tudor dynasty, silver coin.
  2. (historical) The weight of the Roman gold coin, 1/60 of a Roman pound under Diocletian or 1/72 lb. (about 4.5 grams) after Constantine.
  3. (historical) A medieval French weight, 1/20 of the Carolingian pound.
  4. (typography) Synonym of slash/⟩, originally (Britain) in its use as the shilling mark and now its formal designation by the ISO and Unicode.
  5. (typography) The formal name of the oblique strikethrough overlay (as in A̷ and B̸) in Unicode.
  6. (typography) The division line between the numerator and the denominator of a fraction, whether horizontal or oblique.
  7. (chemistry, physics) The line in a phase diagram marking the temperatures and pressures below which a given substance is a stable solid.

Synonyms

  • (Roman coin): nomisma, bezant (in Greek and Byzantine contexts)
  • (debased Byzantine successors): nomisma, hyperpyron, bezant
  • (typographic symbols): See slash and strikethrough

Translations

See also

  • (Roman coin under Diocletian): argenteus (notionally 1/10 solidus); nummus (1/40); radiate (1/200); laureate (1/500); denarius (1/1000)
  • (Roman coin after Constantine I): miliarense (notionally 1/12 solidus); siliqua (1/24; a modern term); follis (1/180); nummus (1/7200)
  • (Byzantine coins): dinar (a ~20k Arabian copy); semissis (notionally 1/2 solidus); tremissis (1/3 solidus)
  • (English coin): pound, pound sterling, libra (20 solidi); penny, denarius (1/12 solidus)
  • (Roman weight): Roman pound, librum (72 solidi); siliqua (1/24 solidus)
  • (French weight): livre, librum, pound (20 solidi); denarius, denier (1/12 solidus)
  • liquidus
  • macron
  • vinculum

References

  • Oxford English Dictionary, “solidus, n.1” and “solidus, n.2
  • solidus in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • solidus at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • dulosis

Latin

Alternative forms

  • soldus

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *soliðos, from Proto-Indo-European *solh₂-i-dʰ-o-s (entire), suffixed form of root *solh₂- (integrate, whole).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈso.li.dus/, [ˈs̠ɔlʲɪd̪ʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈso.li.dus/, [ˈsɔːlid̪us]

Adjective

solidus (feminine solida, neuter solidum, comparative solidior); first/second-declension adjective

  1. solid

Declension

First/second-declension adjective.

Derived terms

  • solidō

Descendants

Noun

solidus m (genitive solidī); second declension

  1. A solidus: a Roman ~23-carat gold coin introduced by Diocletian in AD 301.
  2. (Medieval) A bezant: the solidus‘s debased Byzantine successors.
  3. (Medieval) A shilling, as a unit of account or silver coin.
    • c. 1300, Tractatus de Ponderibus et Mensuris
      Libra continet viginti solidos

      The [London] pound contains twenty shillings.

Declension

Second-declension noun.

Descendants

References

  • solidus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • solidus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solidus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • solidus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • solidus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • solidus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • solidus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • solid in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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