bias vs preconception what difference

what is difference between bias and preconception

English

Etymology

c. 1520 in the sense “oblique line”. As a technical term in the game of bowls c. 1560, whence the figurative use (c. 1570).

From French biais, adverbially (“sideways, askance, against the grain”) c. 1250, as a noun (“oblique angle, slant”) from the late 16th century.
The French word is likely from Old Occitan biais, itself of obscure origin, most likely from an unattested Latin *biaxius “with two axes”.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ˈbaɪəs/
  • Rhymes: -aɪəs

Noun

bias (countable and uncountable, plural biases or biasses)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Inclination towards something.
    Synonyms: predisposition, partiality, prejudice, preference, predilection
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 4.
      nature has pointed out a mixed kind of life as most suitable to the human race, and secretly admonished them to allow none of these biasses to draw too much
  2. (countable, textiles) The diagonal line between warp and weft in a woven fabric.
  3. (countable, textiles) A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment (such as the waist of a dress) to diminish its circumference.
  4. (electronics) A voltage or current applied to an electronic device, such as a transistor electrode, to move its operating point to a desired part of its transfer function.
  5. (statistics) The difference between the expectation of the sample estimator and the true population value, which reduces the representativeness of the estimator by systematically distorting it.
  6. (sports) In the games of crown green bowls and lawn bowls: a weight added to one side of a bowl so that as it rolls, it will follow a curved rather than a straight path; the oblique line followed by such a bowl; the lopsided shape or structure of such a bowl. In lawn bowls, the curved course is caused only by the shape of the bowl. The use of weights is prohibited.[from 1560s]
  7. (South Korean idol fandom) A person’s favourite member of a K-pop band.
    • 2015, “Top 10 Tips For Travelling To Korea”, UKP Magazine, Winter 2015, page 37:
      The last thing you want is for your camera to die when you finally get that selca with your bias.
    • 2019, Katy Sprinkel, The Big Book of BTS: The Deluxe Unofficial Bangtan Book, unnumbered page:
      Sweet, sensitive, and impossibly sassy, V is many fans’ bias, and an integral member of the group.
    • 2019, Joelle Weatherford, “Can’t stop the K-Pop train”, The Eagle (Northeast Texas Community College), 7 May 2019, page 8:
      One in particular, Minho, really caught my eye. He became what is called my bias or favorite member.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:bias.

Derived terms

  • bias tape
  • on the bias

Translations

Verb

bias (third-person singular simple present biases or biasses, present participle biasing or biassing, simple past and past participle biased or biassed)

  1. (transitive) To place bias upon; to influence.
  2. (electronics) To give a bias to.
    • 2002, H. Dijkstra, J. Libby, Overview of silicon detectors, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 494, 86–93, p. 87.
      On the ohmic side n+ is implanted to provide the ohmic contact to bias the detector.

Translations

Adjective

bias (comparative more bias, superlative most bias)

  1. Inclined to one side; swelled on one side.
    Synonym: biased
  2. Cut slanting or diagonally, as cloth.

Translations

Adverb

bias (not comparable)

  1. In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally.
    to cut cloth bias

Translations

Further reading

  • bias on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • ABIs, AIBs, IABs, IBSA, bais, basi-, isba

Indonesian

Etymology

From English bias, from French biais.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbi.as]
  • Hyphenation: bi‧as

Noun

bias

  1. bias,
    1. inclination towards something; predisposition, partiality, prejudice, preference, predilection.
    2. (statistics) the difference between the expectation of the sample estimator and the true population value, which reduces the representativeness of the estimator by systematically distorting it.
    3. (physics) the turning or bending of any wave, such as a light or sound wave, when it passes from one medium into another of different optical density.
    4. (colloquial) a person’s favourite member of a idol group, such as K-pop band.

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “bias” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Old Irish

Verb

bias

  1. third-person singular future relative of at·tá
  2. third-person singular future relative of benaid

Mutation


English

Etymology

pre- +‎ conception

Noun

preconception (plural preconceptions)

  1. An opinion formed before obtaining adequate evidence, especially as the result of bias or prejudice.
  2. A prejudice that prevents rational consideration of an issue.

Translations

Adjective

preconception (not comparable)

  1. (medicine) Preconceptional.

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