bidding vs summons what difference

what is difference between bidding and summons



  • IPA(key): /ˈbɪdɪŋ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪdɪŋ



  1. present participle of bid


bidding (plural biddings)

  1. That which one is bidden to do; a command.
  2. The act of placing a bid.
    • 1912, Rowland Prothero, 1st Baron Ernle, English Farming, Past and Present (page 322)
      Their biddings forced existing owners into ruinous competition; they mortgaged their ancestral acres to buy up outlying properties or round off their boundaries.




  • IPA(key): /ˈsʌ.mənz/

Etymology 1

From Middle English somouns (order or command to do something), borrowed from Old French sumunce (modern French semonce), from Vulgar Latin *summonsa, a noun use of the feminine past participle of summoneō, summonēre (to summon).


summons (plural summonses)

  1. A call to do something, especially to come.
    • 1818, Henry Hallam, View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages
      special summonses by the king
    • 1661, John Fell, The Life of the Most Learned, Reverend and Pious Dr. H. Hammond
      this summons [] unfit either to dispute or disobey
    • 1630, John Hayward, The Life and Raigne of King Edward VI
      He sent to summon the seditious, and to offer pardon [] ; but neither summons nor pardon was any thing regarded.
  2. (law) A notice summoning someone to appear in court, as a defendant, juror or witness.
  3. (military) A demand for surrender.


  • Bengali: সমন (śômôn)
  • Cebuano: sumon
  • Malay: saman
    • English: saman



summons (third-person singular simple present summonses, present participle summonsing, simple past and past participle summonsed)

  1. (transitive) To serve someone with a summons. [17th C.]

See also

  • summons on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Summons in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of summon


  • musmons

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