bide vs stay what difference

what is difference between bide and stay

English

Etymology

From Middle English biden, from Old English bīdan (to stay, continue, live, remain, delay; wait for, await, expect; endure, experience, find; attain, obtain; own), from Proto-West Germanic *bīdan (to wait), from Proto-Germanic *bīdaną (to wait), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéydʰeti, from *bʰeydʰ- (to command, persuade, compel, trust). Latinate cognates (via PIE) include faith and fidelity.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, General American) IPA(key): /baɪd/
  • (US)
  • Rhymes: -aɪd

Verb

bide (third-person singular simple present bides, present participle biding, simple past bode or bided, past participle bided or bidden)

  1. (transitive, chiefly dialectal) To bear; to endure; to tolerate.
    • c. 1570, Anonymous, Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes
      And doubting naught right courteous all, in your accustomed wont: And gentle ears, our author he is prest to bide the brunt
  2. (intransitive, archaic or dialectal) To dwell or reside in a location; to abide.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      John Dodds, the herd who bode in the place, was standing at the door, and he looked to see who was on the road so late.
  3. (intransitive, archaic or dialectal) To wait; to be in expectation; to stay; to remain.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      Bide here,’ he says, ‘and boil the wine till I return. This is a ploy of my own on which no man follows me.’
  4. (transitive, archaic) To wait for; to await.

Usage notes

  • The verb has been replaced by abide in Standard English for almost all its uses, and is now rarely found outside the expression bide one’s time.

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:bide.

Synonyms

  • (to bear): put up with; See also Thesaurus:tolerate
  • (to dwell or reside in a location): live; See also Thesaurus:reside
  • (to wait): stand by; See also Thesaurus:wait
  • (to wait for): await; See also Thesaurus:wait for

Derived terms

  • bide one’s time
  • abide

Related terms

  • bid
  • faith
  • fidelity

Translations

Anagrams

  • Bedi, EBID, dieb

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bide/, [bi.ð̞e̞]

Etymology 1

Noun

bide inan

  1. path, track, way
  2. way, manner, method, procedure
  3. journey
  4. line
Declension
Derived terms
  • bidea galdu
  • bideari lotu
  • bide eman
  • labur bide

Etymology 2

Particle

bide

  1. apparently, seemingly

Further reading

  • “bide” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • “bide” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Danish

Etymology

From Old Danish bitæ, from Old Norse bíta, from Proto-Germanic *bītaną, cognate with English bite, German bissen, Dutch bijten. The Germanic verb goes back to Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- (to split), cf. Latin findō (to cleave), fissiō (breaking up) (hence fission).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥iːðə]
  • Rhymes: -iːdə

Verb

bide (imperative bid, infinitive at bide, present tense bider, past tense bed, perfect tense har bidt)

  1. bite (to cut off a piece by clamping the teeth)

Inflection


French

Etymology

From bidon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bid/
  • Rhymes: -id

Noun

bide m (plural bides)

  1. fiasco, flop
  2. (colloquial) paunch, belly
  3. (uncountable) Something fake.

Synonyms

  • (fiasco): fiasco, flop, four
  • (belly): bedaine, brioche, panse
  • (something fake): bidon

Derived terms

  • faire un bide

Further reading

  • “bide” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Japanese

Romanization

bide

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ビデ

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

bide n (definite singular bideet, indefinite plural bide or bideer, definite plural bidea or bideene)

  1. alternative spelling of bidé

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bíða.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²biː.də/ (example of pronunciation)

Verb

bide (present tense bid, past tense beid, supine bide, past participle biden, present participle bidande, imperative bid)

  1. (intransitive) to exist
    Synonym: vere til

Etymology 2

From French.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /biˈdeː/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun

bide n (definite singular bideet, indefinite plural bide, definite plural bidea)

  1. alternative spelling of bidé

References

  • “bide” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • bidé, bedi, beid

Scots

Etymology

From Old English bīdan, from Proto-Germanic.

Verb

bide

  1. to dwell, to live
    Tae bide somewhaur: to dwell somewhere.
    Tae bide: to dwell.
    Whaur dae ye bide?: where do you live?
  2. to stay, to remain
    “Bide and fecht!” (traditional Scots phrase meaning “Stay and fight!”)

Derived terms

bydand


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From French bidet.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bǐdeː/
  • Hyphenation: bi‧de

Noun

bìdē m (Cyrillic spelling бѝде̄)

  1. bidet

Declension

References

  • “bide” in Hrvatski jezični portal


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: stā, IPA(key): /steɪ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Etymology 1

From Middle English steyen, staien, from Old French estayer, estaier (to fix, prop up, support, stay), from estaye, estaie (a prop, stay), from Middle Dutch staeye (a prop, stay), a contracted form of staede, stade (a prop, stay, help, aid) (compare Middle Dutch staeyen, staeden (to make firm, stay, support, hold still, stabilise)), from Frankish *stad (a site, place, location, standing), from Proto-Germanic *stadiz (a standing, place), from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis (standing). Influenced by Old English stæġ (“a stay, rope”; see below). Cognate with Old English stede, stæde (a place, spot, locality, fixed position, station, site, standing, status, position of a moving body, stopping, standing still, stability, fixity, firmness, steadfastness), Swedish stödja (to prop, support, brace, hold up, bolster), Icelandic stöðug (continuous, stable). More at stead, steady.

Sense of “remain, continue” may be due to later influence from Old French ester, esteir (to stand, be, continue, remain), from Latin stāre (stand), from the same Proto-Indo-European root above; however, derivation from this root is untenable based on linguistic and historical grounds.

An alternative etymology derives Old French estaye, estaie, from Frankish *staka (stake, post), from Proto-Germanic *stakô (stake, bar, stick, pole), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teg- (rod, pole, stick), making it cognate with Old English staca (pin, stake), Old English stician (to stick, be placed, lie, remain fixed). Cognate with Albanian shtagë (a long stick, a pole). More at stake, stick.

Verb

stay (third-person singular simple present stays, present participle staying, simple past and past participle stayed or (obsolete) staid)

  1. (transitive) To prop; support; sustain; hold up; steady.
    • c. 1592,, William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act III, Scene 7,[1]
      Lord Mayor of London. See, where he stands between two clergymen!
      Duke of Buckingham. Two props of virtue for a Christian prince,
      To stay him from the fall of vanity:
    • 1611 King James Version of the Bible, Exodus 17.12,[2]
      But Moses hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
    • 1677, Hannah Woolley, The Compleat Servant-Maid, London: T. Passinger, “Directions for Writing the most Vsual and Legible Hands for Women”, p. 17,[3]
      Draw in your right elbow, turn your hand outward and bear it lightly, gripe not the pen too hard, with your left hand stay the paper.
    • 1725, John Dryden (translator), Virgil’s Husbandry, or an Essay on the Georgics, London, Book 2, p. 37,[4]
      Sallows and Reeds, on Banks of Rivers born,
      Remain to cut; for Vineyards useful found,
      To stay thy Vines and fence thy fruitful Ground.
  2. (transitive) To support from sinking; to sustain with strength; to satisfy in part or for the time.
    • 1826, Walter Scott, Woodstock, Chapter 20,[5]
      [] he has devoured a whole loaf of bread and butter, as fast as Phoebe could cut it, and it has not staid his stomach for a minute []
  3. (transitive) To stop; detain; keep back; delay; hinder.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Act IV, Scene 2,[6]
      Your ships are stay’d at Venice.
    • 1671, John Evelyn, Diary, entry dated 14 November, 1671, in The Diary of John Evelyn, London: Macmillan, 1906, Volume 2, p. 337,[7]
      This business staid me in London almost a week []
    • 1690, John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, London: Thomas Basset, Book 3, Chapter 5, p. 207,[8]
      [] I was willing to stay my Reader on an Argument, that appears to me new []
    • 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, Book 1, Chapter 6,[9]
      The task of recalling him from the vagrancy into which he always sank when he had spoken, was like recalling some very weak person from a swoon, or endeavouring, in the hope of some disclosure, to stay the spirit of a fast-dying man.
    • 1925, Virginia Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985, p. 44,[10]
      [] she filled the room she entered, and felt often as she stood hesitating one moment on the threshold of her drawing-room, an exquisite suspense, such as might stay a diver before plunging while the sea darkens and brightens beneath him []
    • 2010, Howard Jacobson, The Finkler Question, New York: Bloomsbury, Chapter 9,
      She rose to leave but Libor stayed her.
  4. (transitive) To restrain; withhold; check; stop.
    • 1597, Richard Hooker, Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity, Book 5, in The Works of Mr. Richard Hooker, London: Andrew Crook, 1666, p. ,[11]
      [] all that may but with any the least shew of possibility stay their mindes from thinking that true, which they heartily wish were false, but cannot think it so []
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, 1 Samuel 24.7,[12]
      So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul.
    • 1852, Charlotte Brontë, letter cited in Elizabeth Gaskell, The Life of Charlotte Brontë, 1857, Volume 2, Chapter 10,[13]
      [] you must follow the impulse of your own inspiration. If THAT commands the slaying of the victim, no bystander has a right to put out his hand to stay the sacrificial knife: but I hold you a stern priestess in these matters.
  5. (transitive) To cause to cease; to put an end to.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, Act III, Scene 1,[14]
      Now stay your strife []
    • 1847, Ralph Waldo Emerson, “Threnody” in Poems, Boston: James Munroe, p. 242,[15]
      For flattering planets seemed to say
      This child should ills of ages stay,
  6. (transitive) To put off; defer; postpone; delay; keep back.
    • 1935, Pearl S. Buck, A House Divided, London: Methuen, Part 1, p. 137,[16]
      Without one word to deny himself, Yuan let himself be bound, his hands behind his back, and no one could stay the matter.
    • 2001, Richard Flanagan, Gould’s Book of Fish, New York: Grove, “The Leatherjacket,” pp. 187-188,[17]
      As I curled up like a dying fish beneath his flailing boots, I managed to stay his assault long enough to tell him that I had only ever seen myself as his most loyal servant []
  7. (transitive) To hold the attention of. (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To bear up under; to endure; to hold out against; to resist.
    • c. 1594, William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, Act I, Scene 1,[18]
      She will not stay the siege of loving terms,
      Nor bide the encounter of assailing eyes,
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To wait for; await.
    • c. 1594, William Shakespeare, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act II, Scene 2,[19]
      My father stays my coming;
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, As You Like It, Act III, Scene 2,[20]
      Let me stay the growth of his beard,
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To remain for the purpose of; to stay to take part in or be present at (a meal, ceremony etc.).
    • c. 1592, William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act III, Scene 2,[21]
      I stay dinner there.
    • 1791, Elizabeth Inchbald, A Simple Story, Oxford 2009, p. 177:
      Some of the company staid supper, which prevented the embarrassment that must unavoidably have arisen, had the family been by themselves.
    • 1818, Jane Austen, Persuasion, Chapter 7,[22]
      How glad they had been to hear papa invite him to stay dinner, how sorry when he said it was quite out of his power []
  11. (intransitive, obsolete) To rest; depend; rely.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Isaiah 30.12,[23]
      Because ye despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and stay thereon:
    • c. 1596, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act IV, Scene 2,[24]
      I stay here on my bond.
  12. (intransitive, obsolete) To stop; come to a stand or standstill.
  13. (intransitive, archaic) To come to an end; cease.
    That day the storm stayed.
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act II, Scene 4,[25]
      Here my commission stays,
  14. (intransitive, archaic) To dwell; linger; tarry; wait.
    • 1700 John Dryden, Fables Ancient and Modern, London: Jacob Tonson, dedicatory epistle,[26]
      Yet not to be wholly silent of all your Charities I must stay a little on one Action, which preferr’d the Relief of Others, to the Consideration of your Self.
  15. (intransitive, dated) To make a stand; to stand firm.
  16. (intransitive) To hold out, as in a race or contest; last or persevere to the end.
    That horse stays well.
  17. (intransitive) To remain in a particular place, especially for a definite or short period of time; sojourn; abide.
    • 1590 Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, Canto 10, p. 140,[27]
      She would commaund the hasty Sunne to stay,
      Or backward turne his course from heuen’s hight,
    • 1681, John Dryden, The Spanish Friar, London: Richard Tonson and Jacob Tonson, Act IV, p. 60,[28]
      Stay, I command you; stay and hear me first,
    • 1874 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, “Three Friends of Mine,” IV, in The Masque of Pandora and Other Poems, Boston: James R. Osgood, 1875, p. 353,[29]
      I stay a little longer, as one stays / To cover up the embers that still burn.
  18. (intransitive, obsolete) To wait; rest in patience or expectation.
    • c. 1596, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act III, Scene 4,[30]
      I’ll tell thee all my whole device / When I am in my coach, which stays for us.
    • 1693 John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Education, London: A. & J. Churchill, p. 260,[31]
      The Father cannot stay any longer for the Portion, nor the Mother for a new Sett of Babies to play with []
  19. (intransitive, obsolete, used with on or upon) To wait as an attendant; give ceremonious or submissive attendance.
    • c. 1604, William Shakespeare, Measure for Measure, Act IV, Scene 1,[32]
      I have a servant comes with me along,
      That stays upon me []
    • c. 1605, William Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act I, Scene 3,[33]
      Worthy Macbeth, we stay upon your leisure.
  20. (intransitive, copulative) To continue to have a particular quality.
    • 1700, John Dryden (translator), Fables Ancient and Modern, “MELEAGER AND ATALANTA, Out of the Eighth Book OF OVIDS Metamorphosis,” p. 118,[34]
      For as the Flames augment, and as they stay / At their full Height, then languish to decay, / They rise, and sink by Fits []
    • 1868, Louisa May Alcott, Little Women, Part 2, Chapter 30,[35]
      The evergreen arch wouldn’t stay firm after she got it up, but wiggled and threatened to tumble down on her head when the hanging baskets were filled.
    • 1943, Graham Greene, The Ministry of Fear, London: Heinemann, 1960, Book 3, Chapter 2, p. 210,[36]
      The three men in the room stayed motionless, holding their breaths.
  21. (intransitive, Scotland, South Africa, India, Southern US, African-American Vernacular, colloquial) To live; reside
    Hey, where do you stay at?
Synonyms
  • (prop; support; sustain): bear, prop up, uphold
  • (stop; detain; hinder): See also Thesaurus:hinder
  • (restrain; withhold; check): curb; repress, stifle; See also Thesaurus:curb
  • (cause to cease): cancel, cease, discontinue, halt, stop, terminate; See also Thesaurus:end
  • (put off; defer; postpone): See also Thesaurus:procrastinate
  • (bear up under): endure, resist; See also Thesaurus:persevere
  • (wait for): await, wait for, wait on; See also Thesaurus:wait for
  • (rest; depend; rely): See also Thesaurus:rely
  • (come to a stand or standstill): blin, brake, desist, halt, stop; See also Thesaurus:stop
  • (come to an end): cease; See also Thesaurus:desist or Thesaurus:end
  • (dwell; linger; tarry; wait): See also Thesaurus:tarry
  • (make a stand): contend, break a lance, stand firm, take a stand
  • (last or persevere to the end): See also Thesaurus:persist
  • (remain in a particular place): abide, sojourn; See also Thesaurus:sojourn
  • (rest in patience or expectation): wait; See also Thesaurus:wait
  • (wait as an attendant): attend, bestand, serve; See also Thesaurus:serve
  • (continue to have a particular quality): continue, keep, remain; See also Thesaurus:remain
  • (live; reside): See also Thesaurus:reside
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • abide
  • belive
  • continue
  • dwell
  • live
  • remain
  • reside
  • tarry

Noun

stay (plural stays)

  1. Continuance or a period of time spent in a place; abode for an indefinite time; sojourn.
    I hope you enjoyed your stay in Hawaii.
  2. A postponement, especially of an execution or other punishment.
    The governor granted a stay of execution.
  3. (archaic) A stop; a halt; a break or cessation of action, motion, or progress.
    stand at a stay
    • Affaires of state [] seemed rather to stand at a stay.
  4. A fixed state; fixedness; stability; permanence.
  5. (nautical) A station or fixed anchorage for vessels.
  6. Restraint of passion; prudence; moderation; caution; steadiness; sobriety.
    • 1633, George Herbert, The Church Porch
      Not grudging that thy lust hath bounds and stays.
    • The wisdom, stay, and moderation of the king.
    • 1705, John Philips, Blenheim
      With prudent stay he long deferred / The rough contention.
  7. (obsolete) Hindrance; let; check.
    • 1551, Ralph Robinson (sometimes spelt Raphe Robynson) (translator), Utopia (originally written by Sir Thomas More)
      They were able to read good authors without any stay, if the book were not false.
Translations
Derived terms
  • gay for the stay
  • staycation

References

Etymology 2

From Middle English stay, from Old French estaye, estaie (a prop, a stay), from Middle Dutch staeye (a prop, stay), a contracted form of staede, stade (“a prop, stay, help, aid”; compare Middle Dutch staeyen, staeden (to make firm, stay, support, hold still, stabilise)), from Old Dutch *stad (a site, place, location, standing), from Proto-Germanic *stadiz (a standing, place), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (to stand). See above.

Noun

stay (plural stays)

  1. A prop; a support.
    • The trees themselves serve, at the same time, as so many stays for their Vines
    • April 27, 1823, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Table Talk
      Lord Liverpool is the single stay of this ministry.
  2. A piece of stiff material, such as plastic or whalebone, used to stiffen a piece of clothing.
    Where are the stays for my collar?
  3. (in the plural) A corset.
    • 1859, Wilkie Collins, The Woman in White:
      Her figure was tall, yet not too tall; comely and well-developed, yet not fat; her head set on her shoulders with an easy, pliant firmness; her waist, perfection in the eyes of a man, for it occupied its natural place, it filled out its natural circle, it was visibly and delightfully undeformed by stays.
    • When Jenny’s stays are newly laced.
  4. (archaic) A fastening for a garment; a hook; a clasp; anything to hang another thing on.
Derived terms
  • staybolt
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English stay, from Old English stæġ (stay, a rope supporting a mast), from Proto-Germanic *stagą (stay, rope), from Proto-Indo-European *stek-, *stāk- (stand, pole), from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (to stand). Cognate with Dutch stag (stay), German Stag (stay), Swedish stag (stay), Icelandic stag (stay).

Noun

stay (plural stays)

  1. (nautical) A strong rope or wire supporting a mast, and leading from one masthead down to some other, or other part of the vessel.
  2. A guy, rope, or wire supporting or stabilizing a platform, such as a bridge, a pole, such as a tentpole, the mast of a derrick, or other structural element.
    The engineer insisted on using stays for the scaffolding.
  3. The transverse piece in a chain-cable link.
Synonyms
  • mastrope
Hyponyms
  • (rope supporting a mast): backstay, forestay, mainstay, triatic stay
Derived terms
Translations

References

Verb

stay (third-person singular simple present stays, present participle staying, simple past and past participle stayed)

  1. To brace or support with a stay or stays
    stay a mast
  2. (transitive, nautical) To incline forward, aft, or to one side by means of stays.
  3. (transitive, nautical) To tack; put on the other tack.
    to stay ship
  4. (intransitive, nautical) To change; tack; go about; be in stays, as a ship.

Etymology 4

From Middle English *steȝe, from Old English *stǣġe, an apocopated variant of stǣġel (steep, abrupt), from Proto-Germanic *staigilaz (climbing, ascending, sloping, steep), see sty.

Alternative forms

  • stey, stee, steigh, sti

Adjective

stay (comparative stayer or more stay, superlative stayest or most stay)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Steep; ascending.
    • 1908, Publications of the Scottish History Society – Volume 53 – Page 121:
      The Castle of Edr. is naturally a great strenth situate upon the top of a high Rock perpendicular on all sides, except on the entry from the burgh, which is a stay ascent and is well fortified with strong Walls, three gates each one within another, with Drawbridges, and all necessary fortifications.
  2. (Britain dialectal) (of a roof) Steeply pitched.
  3. (Britain dialectal) Difficult to negotiate; not easy to access; sheer.
  4. (Britain dialectal) Stiff; upright; unbending; reserved; haughty; proud.

Adverb

stay (comparative stayer or more stay, superlative stayest or most stay)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Steeply.

Further reading

  • stay at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • stay in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Tsay, Yats, tays, yats

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • staye, stey

Etymology

From Old English stæġ (stay, a rope supporting a mast), from Proto-Germanic *stagą (stay, rope), from Proto-Indo-European *stek-, *stāk- (stand, pole), from Proto-Indo-European *stā- (to stand).

Noun

stay (plural stayes)

  1. (nautical) A stay (rope).

Declension

Descendants

  • Scots: stay
  • English: stay

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