billet vs quarter what difference

what is difference between billet and quarter

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɪlɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪlɪt

Etymology 1

From Middle English bylet, from Anglo-Norman billette (list, schedule), from bille +‎ -ette, from Latin bulla (document).

Noun

billet (plural billets)

  1. A short informal letter.
  2. A written order to quarter soldiers.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle French billette (schedule), from bullette, diminutive form of bulle (document), from Medieval Latin bulla, hence cognate with etymology 1 above.

Noun

billet (plural billets)

  1. A place where a soldier is assigned to lodge.
    • 1997, Chris Horrocks, Introducing Foucault, page 9 (Totem Books, Icon Books; →ISBN
      17 June 1940: Prime Minister Pétain requests armistice. Germans use the Foucaults’ holiday home as officers’ billet. Foucault steals firewood for school from collaborationist militia. Foucault does well at school, but messes up his summer exams in 1940.
  2. Temporary lodgings in a private residence, such as is organised for members of a visiting sports team.
  3. An allocated space or berth in a boat or ship.
  4. (figuratively) Berth; position.
    • 1897, Pall Mall Magazine
      His shafts of satire fly straight to their billet, and there they rankle.

Verb

billet (third-person singular simple present billets, present participle billeting or billetting, simple past and past participle billeted or billetted)

  1. (transitive, of a householder etc.) To lodge soldiers, or guests, usually by order.
    • Billeted in so antiquated a mansion.
  2. (intransitive, of a soldier) To lodge, or be quartered, in a private house.
  3. (transitive) To direct, by a ticket or note, where to lodge.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English billet, bylet, belet, billette, from Old French billette, from bille (log, tree trunk), from Vulgar Latin *bilia, probably of Gaulish origin (compare Old Irish bile (tree)).

Noun

billet (plural billets)

  1. (metallurgy) A semi-finished length of metal.
  2. A short piece of wood, especially one used as firewood.
  3. A short cutting of sugar cane produced by a harvester or used for planting.
  4. (heraldry) A rectangle used as a charge on an escutcheon.
  5. (architecture) An ornament in Norman work, resembling a billet of wood, either square or round.
  6. (saddlery) A strap that enters a buckle.
  7. A loop that receives the end of a buckled strap.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
Translations

Etymology 4

Noun

billet (plural billets)

  1. Alternative form of billard (coalfish)

Anagrams

  • LIBlet, Litbel

Danish

Etymology

From French billet.

Noun

billet c (singular definite billetten, plural indefinite billetter)

  1. ticket (admission to entertainment, pass for transportation)

Inflection

Further reading

  • “billet” in Den Danske Ordbog

French

Etymology

From Old French billette, from Latin bulla. See French boulette.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bi.jɛ/

Noun

billet m (plural billets)

  1. ticket
  2. note, a brief message
  3. (short for billet de banque) banknote

Derived terms

  • distributeur de billets

Related terms

  • billet de banque (bank note)
  • billet-doux
  • billette
  • billetterie
  • billetiste

Descendants

Further reading

  • “billet” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈk(w)ɔːtə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈk(w)ɔɹ.tɚ/
  • (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈkoː.tɘ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)tə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English quarter, from Anglo-Norman quarter, from Latin quartarius, from quartus. Compare Spanish cuarto (room, quarters; quarter). Doublet of quartier.

Noun

quarter (countable and uncountable, plural quarters)

  1. A fourth part of something.
    1. (in general sense) Each of four equal parts into which something can be divided; a fourth part. [from 14th c.]
      A quarter of an hour.
    2. (now chiefly historical) A measure of capacity used chiefly for grain or coal, varying greatly in quantity by time and location. [from 13th c.]
    3. A fourth part of a pound; approximately 113 grams. [from 14th c.]
    4. (historical) A measure of length; originally a fourth part of an ell, now chiefly a fourth part of a yard. [from 14th c.]
    5. (now historical) A fourth part of the night; one of the watches or divisions of the night. [from 14th c.]
      • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark 6:48
        And aboute the fourth quartre of the nyght, he cam unto them, walkinge apon the see […].
    6. (now chiefly financial) A fourth part of the year; 3 months; a term or season. [from 14th c.]
    7. A fourth part of an hour; a period of fifteen minutes, especially with reference to the quarter before or after the hour. [from 15th c.]
    8. (now chiefly historical) A fourth part of a hundredweight. [from 15th c.]
    9. (heraldry) A fourth part of a coat of arms, or the charge on it, larger than a canton and normally on the upper dexter side, formed by a perpendicular line from the top meeting a horizontal line from the side. [from 15th c.]
    10. (Canada, US) A quarter-dollar, divided into 25 cents; the coin of that value minted in the United States or Canada. [from 18th c.]
    11. (sports) One of four equal periods into which a game is divided. [from 19th c.]
    12. (Chester, historical) A quarter of an acre or 40 roods.
  2. Place or position.
    1. A region or place. [from 13th c.]
      • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost:
        I am to haste, / And all who under me thir Banners wave, / Homeward with flying march where we possess / The Quarters of the North [] .
    2. Each of four parts into which the earth or sky is divided, corresponding to the four cardinal points of the compass. [from 14th c.]
    3. A division or section of a town or city, especially having a particular character of its own, or associated with a particular group etc. [from 16th c.]
    4. One’s residence or dwelling-place; (in plural) rooms, lodgings, especially as allocated to soldiers or domestic staff. [from 16th c.]
    5. (figuratively, archaic) A topic or area of endeavour.
      • 1892, Robert Louis Stevenson, The Wrecker (chapter 10)
        “I’ll tell you something, too,” retorted the captain, duskily flushing. “I wouldn’t sail this ship for the man you are, if you went upon your knees. I’ve dealt with gentlemen up to now.”
        “I can tell you the names of a number of gentlemen you’ll never deal with any more, and that’s the whole of Longhurst’s gang,” said Jim. “I’ll put your pipe out in that quarter, my friend. Here, rout out your traps as quick as look at it, and take your vermin along with you. I’ll have a captain in, this very night, that’s a sailor, and some sailors to work for him.”
    6. (nautical) The aftmost part of a vessel’s side, roughly from the last mast to the stern. [from 16th c.]
      • 1808–10, William Hickey, Memoirs of a Georgian Rake, Folio Society 1995, p. 80:
        I was one morning walking the deck, when Rogers, whose watch it was, sitting upon the quarter, called to me in his usual style, ‘Come here, Bill.’
    7. (farriery) The part on either side of a horse’s hoof between the toe and heel, the side of its coffin. [from 16th c.]
  3. (often plural) A section (of a population), especially one having a particular set of values or interests.
    opposition to the policy came from an unexpected quarter, as well as from certain quarters which had historically opposed it
    all quarters of the socialist movement; praise from Conservative quarters
    • 1897, National and English Review, page 499:
      It is something to have that sacerdotal position so frankly recognized; but, I repeat, the ground of objection is an extraordinary one, coming as it does from a Liberal quarter in politics.
    • 2003, The Advocate, page 44:
      V. Gene Robinson’s installation as an Episcopal bishop was greeted largely by silence from gay quarters.
    • 2016, Michael Eric Dyson, The Black Presidency: Barack Obama and the Politics of Race in America, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (→ISBN)
      [] and principled criticism of Obama from black quarters.
  4. (obsolete) Relations between people. [17th c.]
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Cunning
      I knew two that were competitors for the secretary’s place, [] and yet kept good quarter between themselves.
  5. Accommodation given to a defeated opponent; mercy; exemption from being killed. [from 17th c.]
  6. Short forms.
    1. (now rare, rugby, American football) A quarterback. [from 19th c.]
    2. (military slang, now rare) A quartermaster; a quartermaster sergeant. [from 20th c.]
    3. A quarterfinal. [from 20th c.]
Synonyms
  • (one of four equal parts): fourth, fourth part, ¼
  • (period of three consecutive months): trimester, cour
  • (section of a town): district; ward; neighborhood; ghetto (pejorative); borough (New York City); capitoulate (Toulouse, historical)
Derived terms
Related terms
  • quart
Translations

References

Adjective

quarter (not comparable)

  1. Pertaining to an aspect of a quarter.
  2. (chiefly) Consisting of a fourth part, a quarter (14, 25%).
  3. (chiefly) Related to a three-month term, a quarter of a year.
Antonyms
  • quadruple
Usage notes

Often used in a combining form quarter-.

Derived terms

Verb

quarter (third-person singular simple present quarters, present participle quartering, simple past and past participle quartered)

  1. (transitive) To divide into quarters; to divide by four.
  2. (transitive) To provide housing for military personnel or other equipment.
  3. (intransitive) To lodge; to have a temporary residence.
  4. (transitive) To quartersaw.
Synonyms
  • (to have a temporary residence): stay over, stop; See also Thesaurus:sojourn
Antonyms
  • quadruple (multiply by four)
Translations
See also
  • draw and quarter

References

Adjective
  • “quarter” at Merriam-Webster
  • “quarter” in Harrap’s Shorter, 2006, p. 761

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French cartayer.

Verb

quarter (third-person singular simple present quarters, present participle quartering, simple past and past participle quartered)

  1. (obsolete) To drive a carriage so as to prevent the wheels from going into the ruts, or so that a rut shall be between the wheels.

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin quartus.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /kwəɾˈte/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /kwərˈte/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /kwaɾˈteɾ/

Noun

quarter m (plural quarters)

  1. fourth
  2. quarter

Synonyms

  • quart

Derived terms

  • esquarterar

Further reading

  • “quarter” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “quarter” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “quarter” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “quarter” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Etymology

From English.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kwaʁ.tɛʁ/

Noun

quarter m (plural quarters)

  1. quarter (old measure of corn)

Further reading

  • “quarter” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • traquer

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • quartere, quartier, quartre, quater, quatere, quatter, qwarter, wharter

Etymology

Borrowed from Anglo-Norman quarter, from Latin quartārius.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kwarˈteːr/, /ˈkwartər/

Noun

quarter (plural quarters)

  1. A quarter (fourth part of something):
    1. A quarter of a whole chicken.
    2. One of the four divisions of the earth or sky.
    3. A quarter of the year; a three-month period.
    4. A quarter of the night; a three-hour period.
    5. A quarter of an hour; a 15-minute period.
    6. One of the moon’s four phases.
    7. (heraldry) A fourth part of a coat of arms.
  2. One of various units of measure:
    1. A unit of capacity (being a quarter of another measure).
    2. A unit of weight (often a quarter of an ounce or pound).
    3. A unit of length (nine inches; being quarter of an ell).
  3. Any part, portion, or fragment.
  4. A region, locale or place.
  5. A certain fencing maneuver.
  6. (rare) A direction; a way.

Descendants

  • English: quarter
  • Scots: quarter, corter
  • Yola: curthere, cortere

References

  • “quartẹ̄̆r(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Old French

Alternative forms

  • quartier (chiefly mainland Europe)

Noun

quarter m (oblique plural quarters, nominative singular quarters, nominative plural quarter)

  1. (chiefly Anglo-Norman) quarter (one fourth)

References

  • quarter on the Anglo-Norman On-Line Hub
  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (quartier, supplement)

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