bit vs second what difference

what is difference between bit and second

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bĭt, IPA(key): /bɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

From Middle English bitte, bite, from Old English bita (bit; fragment; morsel) and bite (a bite; cut), from Proto-Germanic *bitô and *bitiz; both from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- (to split).

Cognate with West Frisian bit, Saterland Frisian Bit, Dutch bit, German Low German Beet, Biet, German Biss and Bissen, Danish bid, Swedish bit, Icelandic biti.

Noun

bit (plural bits)

  1. A piece of metal placed in a horse’s mouth and connected to the reins to direct the animal.
  2. A rotary cutting tool fitted to a drill, used to bore holes.
  3. (dated, Britain) A coin of a specified value.
  4. (obsolete, Canada) A ten-cent piece, dime.
    • 1941, Emily Carr, Klee Wyck, Chapter 10, [3]
      The smallest coin we had in Canada in early days was a dime, worth ten cents. The Indians called this coin “a Bit“. Our next coin, double in buying power and in size, was a twenty-five cent piece and this the Indians called “Two Bits”.
  5. (now US) A unit of currency or coin in the Americas worth a fraction of a Spanish dollar; now specifically, an eighth of a US dollar.
    • 1789, Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative, vol. I, ch. 6:
      I trusted to the Lord to be with me; and at one of our trips to St. Eustatia, a Dutch island, I bought a glass tumbler with my half bit, and when I came to Montserrat I sold it for a bit, or sixpence.
  6. (historical, US) In the southern and southwestern states, a small silver coin (such as the real) formerly current; commonly, one worth about 12½ cents; also, the sum of 12½ cents.
  7. A small amount of something.
  8. (informal) Specifically, a small amount of time.
  9. (in the plural, informal, sports) Fractions of a second.
  10. A portion of something.
  11. Somewhat; something, but not very great; also used like jot and whit to express the smallest degree. See also a bit.
    • T. Hook
      My young companion was a bit of a poet.
  12. (slang) A prison sentence, especially a short one.
  13. An excerpt of material making up part of a show, comedy routine, etc.
  14. Short for bit part.
  15. The part of a key which enters the lock and acts upon the bolt and tumblers.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  16. The cutting iron of a plane.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  17. The bevelled front edge of an axehead along which the cutting edge runs.
Synonyms
  • (coin): coin, piece
  • (small piece): morsel (of food), piece, scrap
  • (portion): portion, share, segment
  • (horse equipment): snaffle, pelham, kimberwicke
  • (prison sentence): bid
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

bit (third-person singular simple present bits, present participle bitting, simple past and past participle bitted)

  1. (transitive) To put a bridle upon; to put the bit in the mouth of (a horse).

Etymology 2

See bite

Verb

bit

  1. simple past tense of bite
    Your dog bit me!
  2. (informal in US, archaic in Britain) past participle of bite, bitten
    I have been bit by your dog!

Adjective

bit (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly in combination) Having been bitten.

Etymology 3

Coined by John Tukey in 1946 as an abbreviation of binary digit, probably influenced by connotations of “small portion”. First used in print 1948 by Claude Shannon. Compare byte and nybble.

Noun

bit (plural bits)

  1. (mathematics, computing) A binary digit, generally represented as a 1 or 0.
  2. (computing) The smallest unit of storage in a digital computer, consisting of a binary digit.
    Synonym: b
  3. (information theory, cryptography) Any datum that may take on one of exactly two values.
  4. (information theory) A unit of measure for information entropy.
    • The researchers found that the original texts spanned a variety of entropy values in different languages, reflecting differences in grammar and structure.
      But strangely, the difference in entropy between the original, ordered text and the randomly scrambled text was constant across languages. This difference is a way to measure the amount of information encoded in word order, Montemurro says. The amount of information lost when they scrambled the text was about 3.5 bits per word.
  5. A microbitcoin, or a millionth of a bitcoin (0.000001 BTC).
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • ban, nat, qubit

References

Anagrams

  • Bti, ITB, TBI, TiB, tib

Azerbaijani

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *bït (louse).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [bit]

Noun

bit (definite accusative biti, plural bitlər)

  1. louse

Declension


Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈbit/
  • Rhymes: -it

Noun

bit m (plural bits)

  1. (computing) bit

Czech

Etymology

From English bit, from binary digit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɪt]
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Noun

bit m

  1. (computing) bit

Declension

Derived terms

  • bitový
  • osmibitový
  • šestnáctibitový
  • kilobit
  • megabit
  • gigabit
  • terabit

Further reading

  • bit in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • bit in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • bit in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪt/
  • Hyphenation: bit
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Etymology 1

Ablaut of bijten.

Noun

bit n (plural bitten, diminutive bitje n)

  1. bit (for a working animal)
  2. bit (rotary cutting tool)
  3. mouthguard

Etymology 2

From English bit.

Noun

bit m (plural bits, diminutive bitje n)

  1. bit (binary digit)
  2. bit (unit of storage)
  3. bit (datum with two possible values)

French

Etymology

From English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bit/

Noun

bit m (plural bits)

  1. (computing) bit

Derived terms

  • bit le moins significatif
  • bit le plus significatif

Further reading

  • “bit” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Hungarian

Etymology

From English bit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbit]
  • Hyphenation: bit
  • Rhymes: -it

Noun

bit (plural bitek)

  1. (computing) bit (binary digit)

Declension

Derived terms

  • jelzőbit

References


Indonesian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɪt]
  • Hyphenation: bit

Etymology 1

From English bit (binary digit).

Noun

bit (first-person possessive bitku, second-person possessive bitmu, third-person possessive bitnya)

  1. (computing) bit, smallest unit of storage.

Etymology 2

From Dutch biet.

Noun

bit (first-person possessive bitku, second-person possessive bitmu, third-person possessive bitnya)

  1. Beta vulgaris, common beet, beetroot, sugar beet, and chard.

Further reading

  • “bit” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Lashi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bit/

Noun

bit

  1. sun

References

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[5], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bʲit/

Verb

bit

  1. supine of biś

Nigerian Pidgin

Etymology

From English beat.

Verb

bit

  1. beat

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse biti

Noun

bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural biter, definite plural bitene)

  1. a bit, piece (of something)
  2. a bite, mouthful (of food)
Derived terms
  • isbit
  • smakebit

Etymology 2

From English bit (binary digit)

Noun

bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural bit or biter, definite plural bitene)

  1. a bit (binary digit)

References

  • “bit” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /biːt/

Noun

bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural bitar, definite plural bitane)

  1. a bit, piece (of something)
Derived terms
  • isbit
  • smakebit

Etymology 2

From English bit (binary digit)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪtː/

Noun

bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural bit or bitar, definit plural bitane)

  1. a bit (binary digit)

Etymology 3

From Old Norse bit

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /biːt/

Noun

bit n (definite singular bitet, indefinite plural bit, definite plural bita)

  1. a bite (e.g. insect bite, dog bite)
  2. a bite, mouthful (of food)

Etymology 4

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /biːt/

Verb

bit

  1. inflection of bite:
    1. present
    2. imperative

References

  • “bit” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Irish

Verb

bit

  1. third-person plural future of is

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English bit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbit͡ʃ(i)/, /ˈbit(i)/

Noun

bit m (plural bits)

  1. (mathematics, computing) bit (binary digit)

Synonyms

  • Abbreviations: b

Coordinate terms

  • Multiples: kilobit, megabit, gigabit, terabit, petabit, exabit, zettabit, yottabit

Related terms

  • byte (unit equivalent to 8 bits)

Saterland Frisian

Etymology

Related to German bis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪt/
  • Hyphenation: bit
  • Rhymes: -ɪt

Conjunction

bit

  1. until

Preposition

bit

  1. until, to

Derived terms

References

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “bit”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Scots

Adjective

bit

  1. Little.
    • 1889, Jessup Whitehead, The Steward’s Handbook and Guide to Party Catering (page 439)
      A bit wee lambie
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      He laid a hundred guineas with the laird of Slofferfield that he would drive four horses through the Slofferfield loch, and in the prank he had his bit chariot dung to pieces and a good mare killed.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From bȉti (to be)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bîːt/

Noun

bȋt f (Cyrillic spelling би̑т)

  1. essence
  2. point, meaning
Declension

Etymology 2

From English bit

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bît/

Noun

bȉt m (Cyrillic spelling би̏т)

  1. (computing) bit
Declension

Slavomolisano

Etymology

From Serbo-Croatian biti, from Proto-Slavic *byti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bū́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.

Verb

bit pf or impf

  1. to be

References

  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale)., pp. 409–412

Spanish

Etymology

From English bit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbit/, [ˈbit̪]

Noun

bit m (plural bits)

  1. bit (binary digit)

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse biti, noun definitions 2 and 4: From English bit, from binary digit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /biːt/ (1–4)
  • IPA(key): /bɪt/ (3–4)

Noun

bit c

  1. bit (small piece)
  2. bit (portion)
  3. bit (binary digit)
  4. bit (unit of storage)
  5. bit (piece of music)

Declension

Related terms

  • pusselbit
  • sockerbit

Verb

bit

  1. imperative of bita.

Turkish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbit/

Etymology 1

From Ottoman Turkish بیت‎, بت‎, from Proto-Turkic *bït (louse).

Noun

bit (definite accusative biti, plural bitler)

  1. (zoology) louse
Declension
Derived terms
  • bit yeniği (fishy)
  • bitli (lousy)
See also
  • pire (flea)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bit, abbreviation of binary digit.

Noun

bit (definite accusative biti, plural bitler)

  1. (computing) bit
Declension

Etymology 3

Verb

bit

  1. second-person singular imperative of bitmek

Turkmen

Etymology

From Old Turkic bit(bit), from Proto-Turkic *bɨt (louse).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bit̪/

Noun

bit (definite accusative bidi, plural bitler)

  1. (zoology) louse

Declension


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɓit̚˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɓit̚˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɓɨt̚˧˧]

Noun

bit

  1. (computing) bit

Zhuang

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /pit˥/
  • Tone numbers: bit7
  • Hyphenation: bit

Etymology 1

From Proto-Tai *pitᴰ (duck). Cognate with Thai เป็ด (bpèt), Lao ເປັດ (pet), ᦵᦔᧆ (ṗed), Tai Dam ꪹꪜꪸꪒ, Shan ပဵတ်း (pét), Ahom ???????????????? (pit), Bouyei bidt, Saek ปิ๊ด. Compare Old Chinese (OC *pʰid).

Noun

bit (classifier duz, Sawndip form , old orthography bit)

  1. duck
Derived terms
  • roegbit

Etymology 2

From Chinese (MC pˠiɪt̚).

Noun

bit (classifier gaiq, Sawndip form ????, old orthography bit)

  1. pen; pencil; writing implement

Classifier

bit (old orthography bit)

  1. Classifier for sums of money and deals.

Etymology 3

From Chinese (MC pʰiɪt̚).

Classifier

bit (old orthography bit)

  1. Classifier for cloth: bolt of


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English secunde, second, secound, secund, borrowed from Old French second, seond, from Latin secundus (following, next in order), from root of sequor (I follow), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to follow). Doublet of secundo. Displaced native twoth and partially displaced native other (from Old English ōþer (other; next; second)).

Alternative forms

  • (number-two): 2nd, 2d, IInd; (in names of monarchs and popes) II, II.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɛkənd/
  • (US) enPR: sĕʹkənd, IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/, /ˈsɛk.(ə)nt/
  • (Canada) IPA(key): /ˈsɛkɪnd/
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond

Adjective

second (not comparable)

  1. Number-two; following after the first one with nothing between them. The ordinal number corresponding to the cardinal number two.
  2. Next to the first in value, power, excellence, dignity, or rank; secondary; subordinate; inferior.
  3. Being of the same kind as one that has preceded; another.
Synonyms
  • other
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

second (not comparable)

  1. (with superlative) After the first; at the second rank.
  2. After the first occurrence but before the third.
Translations

Noun

second (plural seconds)

  1. Something that is number two in a series.
  2. Something that is next in rank, quality, precedence, position, status, or authority.
  3. The place that is next below or after first in a race or contest.
  4. (usually in the plural) A manufactured item that, though still usable, fails to meet quality control standards.
  5. (usually in the plural) An additional helping of food.
  6. A chance or attempt to achieve what should have been done the first time, usually indicating success this time around. (See second-guess.)
  7. (music) The interval between two adjacent notes in a diatonic scale (either or both of them may be raised or lowered from the basic scale via any type of accidental).
  8. The second gear of an engine.
  9. (baseball) Second base.
  10. The agent of a party to an honour dispute whose role was to try to resolve the dispute or to make the necessary arrangements for a duel.
  11. A Cub Scout appointed to assist the sixer.
    • 1995, Boy Scouts of Canada. National Council, The Cub Book
      Many packs have a sixer’s council where the sixers, and sometimes the seconds, meet with Akela and some of the other leaders.
    Synonym: seconder
  12. (informal) A second-class honours degree.
Related terms
  • (music): secundal (adj.)
Translations

Verb

second (third-person singular simple present seconds, present participle seconding, simple past and past participle seconded)

  1. (transitive) To agree as a second person to (a proposal), usually to reach a necessary quorum of two. (See under #Etymology 3 for translations.)
  2. To follow in the next place; to succeed.
    • In the method of nature, a low valley is immediately seconded with an ambitious hill.
    • Sin is usually seconded with sin.
  3. (climbing) To climb after a lead climber.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English secunde, seconde, borrowed from Old French seconde, from Medieval Latin secunda, short for secunda pars minuta (second diminished part (of the hour)).

Alternative forms

  • (SI unit of time): (abbreviations) s, sec; (symbols) s (SI and non-scientific usage), sec (in non-scientific usage only)
  • (unit of angle): (abbreviations) arcsec, “

Pronunciation

  • enPR: sĕʹkənd, IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/, /ˈsɛk.(ə)nt/
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond

Noun

second (plural seconds)

  1. One-sixtieth of a minute; the SI unit of time, defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of radiation corresponding to the transition between two hyperfine levels of caesium-133 in a ground state at a temperature of absolute zero and at rest.
  2. A unit of angle equal to one-sixtieth of a minute of arc or one part in 3600 of a degree.
  3. (informal) A short, indeterminate amount of time.
Synonyms
  • (unit of angle): second of arc, arcsecond
  • (short, indeterminate amount of time): (colloquial) sec
  • Appendix:Words used as placeholders to count seconds
Derived terms
  • leap second
  • millisecond
  • nanosecond
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle French seconder, from Latin secundō (assist, make favorable).

Pronunciation

Transfer temporarily
  • enPR: səkŏnd’, IPA(key): /səˈkɒnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɒnd
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond
Assist, Agree
  • enPR: sĕʹkənd, IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsɛk.(ə)nd/, /ˈsɛk.(ə)nt/
  • Hyphenation: sec‧ond

Verb

second (third-person singular simple present seconds, present participle seconding, simple past and past participle seconded)

  1. (transitive, Britain) To transfer temporarily to alternative employment.
  2. (transitive) To assist or support; to back.
  3. (transitive) To agree as a second person to (a proposal), usually to reach a necessary quorum of two. (This may come from the English adjective above.)
  4. (transitive, music) To accompany by singing as the second performer.
Derived terms
  • secondment
  • secondee
Translations

Noun

second (plural seconds)

  1. One who supports another in a contest or combat, such as a dueller’s assistant.
  2. One who supports or seconds a motion, or the act itself, as required in certain meetings to pass judgement etc.
  3. (obsolete) Aid; assistance; help.
Translations

Further reading

second on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

  • arcsecond on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • second on Wikipedia.Wikipedia (time)
  • second (parliamentary procedure) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • second-hand goods on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Second in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

References

Anagrams

  • CODENs, coends, condes, consed, decons, sconed

French

Alternative forms

  • (abbreviation) 2d, 2e

Etymology

From Old French secunt, second, segont, borrowed as a semi-learned term from Latin secundus (second); related to sequi (follow). Doublet of son (bran), which was inherited.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sə.ɡɔ̃/

Adjective

second (feminine singular seconde, masculine plural seconds, feminine plural secondes)

  1. second

Derived terms

Related terms

  • secondaire
  • seconde

Synonyms

  • (ordinal): deuxième

Usage notes

For added “precision and elegance”, the French Academy recommends using second when only two items are being considered, reserving deuxième for other situations, i.e. when more than two items are being considered; although this rule is not mandatory. The Academy however advises against ever replacing second with deuxième in fixed idioms such as de seconde main or seconde nature.

Noun

second m (plural seconds)

  1. assistant, first mate

Synonyms

  • adjoint, aide, assistant

Derived terms

  • seconder

References

  • “second” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • cédons, condés

Middle English

Adjective

second

  1. Alternative form of secunde (after the first)

Noun

second

  1. Alternative form of secunde (after the first)

Old French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin secundus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /səˈkunt/

Adjective

second m (oblique and nominative feminine singular seconde)

  1. second

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: secunde
    • English: second
    • Scots: seicont
  • French: second

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial