what is difference between blacken and sear
From Middle English blaknen, blakkenen, equivalent to black + -en (verbal suffix).
- IPA(key): /ˈblækən/
- Rhymes: -ækən
blacken (third-person singular simple present blackens, present participle blackening, simple past and past participle blackened)
- (transitive, causative) To cause to be or become black.
- (intransitive, ergative) To become black.
- (transitive, causative) To make dirty.
- To defame or sully.
- (transitive) To cook (meat or fish) by coating with pepper, etc., and quickly searing in a hot pan.
- (make black): black, denigrate
- (make dirty): dirty, soil
- (defame): defame, denigrate, sully, taint, tarnish
- (US) IPA(key): /sɪɚ/
- (UK) IPA(key): /sɪə(ɹ)/
- Rhymes: -ɪə(ɹ)
From Middle English sere, seer, seere, from Old English sēar, sīere (“dry, sere, sear, withered, barren”), from Proto-Germanic *sauzaz (“dry”), from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂ews- (“dry, parched”) (also reconstructed as *h₂sews-). Cognate with Dutch zoor (“dry, rough”), Low German soor (“dry”), German sohr (“parched, dried up”), dialectal Norwegian søyr (“the desiccation and death of a tree”), Lithuanian saũsas (“dry”), Homeric Ancient Greek αὖος (aûos, “dry”). Doublet of sere and sare.
sear (comparative searer or more sear, superlative searest or most sear)
- Dry; withered, especially of vegetation.
From Middle English seren, seeren, from Old English sēarian (“to become sere, to grow sear, wither, pine away”), from Proto-West Germanic *sauʀēn (“to dry out, become dry”); compare also Proto-Germanic *sauzijaną (“to make dry”). Related to Old High German sōrēn (“to wither, wilt”). See Etymology 1 for more cognates. The use in firearms terminology may relate to French serrer (“to grip”).
sear (third-person singular simple present sears, present participle searing, simple past and past participle seared)
- (transitive) To char, scorch, or burn the surface of (something) with a hot instrument.
- To wither; to dry up.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
- (transitive, figuratively) To make callous or insensible.
- (transitive, figuratively) To mark permanently, as if by burning.
- The events of that day were seared into her memory.
sear (plural sears)
- A scar produced by searing
- Part of a gun that retards the hammer until the trigger is pulled.
- AREs, ARSE, Ares, EARs, ERAs, Ersa, SERA, ares, arse, ears, eras, rase, reas, sare, sera
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)
- IPA(key): /ʃɛr/
- eastern, east
- an ear
- “sear (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011