blacken vs sear what difference

what is difference between blacken and sear

English

Etymology

From Middle English blaknen, blakkenen, equivalent to black +‎ -en (verbal suffix).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈblækən/
  • Rhymes: -ækən

Verb

blacken (third-person singular simple present blackens, present participle blackening, simple past and past participle blackened)

  1. (transitive, causative) To cause to be or become black.
  2. (intransitive, ergative) To become black.
  3. (transitive, causative) To make dirty.
  4. To defame or sully.
  5. (transitive) To cook (meat or fish) by coating with pepper, etc., and quickly searing in a hot pan.

Synonyms

  • (make black): black, denigrate
  • (make dirty): dirty, soil
  • (defame): defame, denigrate, sully, taint, tarnish

Translations



English

Alternative forms

  • sere
  • sare

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /sɪɚ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /sɪə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English sere, seer, seere, from Old English sēar, sīere (dry, sere, sear, withered, barren), from Proto-Germanic *sauzaz (dry), from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂ews- (dry, parched) (also reconstructed as *h₂sews-). Cognate with Dutch zoor (dry, rough), Low German soor (dry), German sohr (parched, dried up), dialectal Norwegian søyr (the desiccation and death of a tree), Lithuanian saũsas (dry), Homeric Ancient Greek αὖος (aûos, dry). Doublet of sere and sare.

Adjective

sear (comparative searer or more sear, superlative searest or most sear)

  1. Dry; withered, especially of vegetation.

Etymology 2

From Middle English seren, seeren, from Old English sēarian (to become sere, to grow sear, wither, pine away), from Proto-West Germanic *sauʀēn (to dry out, become dry); compare also Proto-Germanic *sauzijaną (to make dry). Related to Old High German sōrēn (to wither, wilt). See Etymology 1 for more cognates. The use in firearms terminology may relate to French serrer (to grip).

Verb

sear (third-person singular simple present sears, present participle searing, simple past and past participle seared)

  1. (transitive) To char, scorch, or burn the surface of (something) with a hot instrument.
  2. To wither; to dry up.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To make callous or insensible.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To mark permanently, as if by burning.
    The events of that day were seared into her memory.
Translations

Noun

sear (plural sears)

  1. A scar produced by searing
  2. Part of a gun that retards the hammer until the trigger is pulled.
Translations

Anagrams

  • AREs, ARSE, Ares, EARs, ERAs, Ersa, SERA, ares, arse, ears, eras, rase, reas, sare, sera

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃɛr/

Adjective

sear

  1. eastern, east

Synonyms

  • an ear

Antonyms

  • siar

West Frisian

Adjective

sear

  1. painful

Inflection

Further reading

  • “sear (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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