blast vs boom what difference

what is difference between blast and boom

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: bläst, IPA(key): /blɑːst/
  • (US) enPR: blăst, IPA(key): /blæst/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːst
  • Rhymes: -æst

Etymology 1

From Middle English blast from Old English blǣst (blowing, blast), from Proto-Germanic *blēstaz, *blēstuz (blowing, blast). Cognate with obsolete German Blast (wind, blowing). More at blow.

Noun

blast (plural blasts)

  1. A violent gust of wind.
    • And see where surly Winter passes off, / Far to the north, and calls his ruffian blasts; / His blasts obey, and quit the howling hill.
  2. A forcible stream of gas or liquid from an orifice, for example from a bellows, the mouth, etc.
  3. A hit from a pipe.
  4. The continuous blowing to which one charge of ore or metal is subjected in a furnace
    many tons of iron were melted at a blast
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 146:
      Blast was produced by bellows worked by four ‘blowers’, three of whom worked at a time while the fourth stood ready to replace one of the others.
  5. The exhaust steam from an engine, driving a column of air out of a boiler chimney, and thus creating an intense draught through the fire; also, any draught produced by the blast.
  6. An explosion, especially for the purpose of destroying a mass of rock, etc.
  7. An explosive charge for blasting.
    • 1852-1854, Charles Tomlinson, Cyclopaedia of Useful Arts
      Large blasts are often used.
  8. A loud, sudden sound.
    • c. 1832, William Cullen Bryant, The Battle-Field
      the blast of triumph o’er thy grave
  9. A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on animals and plants; a blight.
    • By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.
  10. (figuratively, informal) A good time; an enjoyable moment.
    We had a blast at the party last night.
  11. (marketing) A promotional message sent to an entire mailing list.
    an e-mail blast; a fax blast
  12. A flatulent disease of sheep.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English blasten, blesten, from Old English blǣstan (to blow, blast), from Proto-Germanic *blēstijaną. Compare Middle High German blesten (to stand out, plop, splash).

Verb

blast (third-person singular simple present blasts, present participle blasting, simple past and past participle blasted)

  1. (transitive) To make an impression on, by making a loud blast or din.
  2. (intransitive) To make a loud noise.
  3. (transitive) To shatter, as if by an explosion.
  4. (transitive) To open up a hole in, usually by means of a sudden and imprecise method (such as an explosion).
    Blast right through it.
  5. (transitive) To curse; to damn.
    Blast it! Foiled again.
  6. (transitive, science fiction) To shoot, especially with an energy weapon (as opposed to one which fires projectiles).
    Chewbacca blasted the Stormtroopers with his laser rifle.
  7. (soccer) To shoot; kick the ball in hope of scoring a goal.
  8. To criticize or reprimand severely; to verbally discipline or punish.
    My manager suddenly blasted me yesterday for being a little late to work for five days in a row, because I was never getting myself up on time.
  9. (transitive) To bring destruction or ruin on; to destroy.
  10. (transitive) To blight or wither.
    A cold wind blasted the rose plants.
  11. (intransitive, obsolete) To be blighted or withered.
    The bud blasted in the blossom.
  12. (intransitive, obsolete) To blow, for example on a trumpet.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Italian: blastare
Translations

Interjection

blast

  1. (chiefly British, informal) To show displeasure or disappointment; damn
Usage notes

Can be used on its own or in the form “blast it!”.

Translations

Etymology 3

From Ancient Greek βλαστός (blastós, germ or sprout).

Noun

blast (plural blasts)

  1. (cytology) An immature or undifferentiated cell (e.g., lymphoblast, myeloblast).
Derived terms
  • blast cell
  • blastocyte
  • blastoma
Translations

Etymology 4

From BLAST (an acronym for Basic Local Alignment Search Tool).

Verb

blast (third-person singular simple present blasts, present participle blasting, simple past and past participle blasted)

  1. (biology, informal, transitive) To run a nucleotide sequence (for nucleic acids) or an amino acid sequence (for proteins) through a BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool).
    • 2004, Andreas Bommarius and Bettina Riebel-Bommarius, Biocatalysis: Fundamentals and Applications, p. 425:
      Blasting nucleotide sequences is not always that easy, because there is more ambiguity to the nucleotide sequence, and good hits have to have a 70% homology over the whole sequence to be reliable, compared to 25% with proteins.

Alternative forms

  • BLAST

Anagrams

  • Balts, blats

German

Verb

blast

  1. inflection of blasen:
    1. second-person plural present
    2. plural imperative

Irish

Etymology

From Ancient Greek βλαστός (blastós, germ, sprout).

Noun

blast m (genitive singular blast, nominative plural blastaí)

  1. (cytology) blast

Declension

Derived terms

  • -blast
  • blastchill (blast cell)

Mutation


Middle English

Alternative forms

  • blaste, blæst, blest

Etymology

From Old English blǣst, from Proto-West Germanic *blāstu, from Proto-Germanic *blēstuz; equivalent to blasen +‎ -th.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /blast/, /blɛːst/

Noun

blast (plural blastes)

  1. A blast; a sudden and forceful motion of wind.
  2. One’s breathing or respiring; the act of respiration.
  3. The blast produced by a musical instrument.
  4. An emission or expulsion of fire or flames.
  5. The sound produced by thunder or storms.
  6. (rare) The making of a pronouncement or proclamation.
  7. (rare) One’s spiritual essence; the soul.
  8. (rare) A striking or attack.
  9. (rare) Flatulence; the making of a fart.

Derived terms

  • blasten

Descendants

  • English: blast
  • Scots: blast

References

  • “blast, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-09-27.

Swedish

Noun

blast c (definite form blasten)

  1. (uncountable) The stem and leaves of a vegetable, of which you’re only supposed to eat the root. E.g. in potatoes or carrots.


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: boo͞m
    • (UK) IPA(key): /buːm/
    • (US) IPA(key): /bum/
  • Rhymes: -uːm

Etymology 1

Onomatopoeic, perhaps borrowed; compare German bummen, Dutch bommen (to hum, buzz).

Verb

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To make a loud, hollow, resonant sound.
  2. (transitive, figuratively, of speech) To exclaim with force, to shout, to thunder.
  3. Of a Eurasian bittern, to make its deep, resonant territorial vocalisation.
  4. (transitive) To make something boom.
  5. (slang, US, obsolete) To publicly praise.
    • 1922, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Problem of Thor Bridge
      If you pull this off every paper in England and America will be booming you.
  6. To rush with violence and noise, as a ship under a press of sail, before a free wind.
    • 1841, Benjamin Totten, Naval Text-book and Dictionary []
      She comes booming down before it.
Derived terms
  • boom box
  • boom-boom
  • sonic boom
Translations

Noun

boom (plural booms)

  1. A low-pitched, resonant sound, such as of an explosion.
  2. A rapid expansion or increase.
  3. One of the calls of certain monkeys or birds.
    • 1990, Mark A. Berkley, William C. Stebbins, Comparative Perception
      Interestingly, the blue monkey’s boom and pyow calls are both long-distance signals (Brown, 1989), yet the two calls differ in respect to their susceptibility to habitat-induced degradation.
Translations

Interjection

boom

  1. Used to suggest the sound of an explosion.
  2. Used to suggest something happening suddenly and unexpectedly.
    • 1993, Vibe (volume 1, number 2)
      So we went around the corner, looked in the garbage, and, boom, there’s about 16 of the tapes he didn’t like!
    • 2013, Peter Westoby, Gerard Dowling, Theory and Practice of Dialogical Community Development
      Hostile race relations and chronic unemployment are ignored in the suburbs of Paris, London and Sydney, and boom! there are riots.
  3. The sound of a bass drum beating.
  4. The sound of a cannon firing.
Derived terms
  • sis boom bah
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Dutch boom (tree; pole). Doublet of beam.

Noun

boom (plural booms)

  1. (nautical) A spar extending the foot of a sail; a spar rigged outboard from a ship’s side to which boats are secured in harbour.
  2. A movable pole used to support a microphone or camera.
  3. (by extension) A microphone supported on such a pole.
  4. A horizontal member of a crane or derrick, used for lifting.
  5. (electronics) The longest element of a Yagi antenna, on which the other, smaller ones are transversally mounted.
  6. A floating barrier used to obstruct navigation, for military or other purposes; or used for the containment of an oil spill or to control the flow of logs from logging operations.
  7. A wishbone-shaped piece of windsurfing equipment.
  8. The section of the arm on a backhoe closest to the tractor.
  9. A gymnastics apparatus similar to a balance beam.

Derived terms

  • boomhouse
  • boomstick
Related terms
  • (nautical): buoy, cathead
  • crane
Translations

Verb

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To extend, or push, with a boom or pole.
  2. (usually with “up” or “down”) To raise or lower with a crane boom.

Etymology 3

Perhaps a figurative development of Etymology 1, above.

Noun

boom (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) A period of prosperity, growth, progress, or high market activity.
Antonyms
  • (period of prosperity): recession
Descendants
  • German: Boom
  • Indonesian: bum
  • Japanese: ブーム (būmu)
  • Polish: boom
Translations

Verb

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. (intransitive) To flourish, grow, or progress.
    Synonyms: flourish, prosper
  2. (transitive, dated) To cause to advance rapidly in price.
Derived terms
  • boom town
Translations

Anagrams

  • MOBO, mobo, moob

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch boom, from Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, boum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bʊəm/

Noun

boom (plural bome, diminutive boompie)

  1. tree

Dutch

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-West Germanic *baum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːm/
  • Hyphenation: boom
  • Rhymes: -oːm

Noun

boom m (plural bomen, diminutive boompje n)

  1. tree
  2. any solid, pole-shaped, usually wooden object
    1. beam
    2. mast
      Synonym: mast
    3. boom
      Synonym: giek
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: boom
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bom
  • Jersey Dutch: bôm
  • Negerhollands: bom, boom
    • Virgin Islands Creole: bom (archaic)
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: bom, boom
  • English: boom
  • Indonesian: bom (tree, pole), bum
  • Sranan Tongo: bon

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English boom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /buːm/
  • Hyphenation: boom

Noun

boom m (plural booms, diminutive boompje n)

  1. boom, as in a market explosion
Derived terms
  • babyboom
  • boomer

References

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

See also

  • boom on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Boom in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

French

Alternative forms

  • boum

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bum/

Noun

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (dramatically fast increase)

Derived terms

  • ça boom
  • papy boom

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom, from Dutch boom – see above.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbum/

Noun

boom m (invariable)

  1. a boom (sound)
  2. a boom, rapid expansion
  3. a boom (crane)

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-West Germanic *baum.

Noun

bôom m

  1. tree
  2. beam, pole
  3. boom barrier

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Dutch: boom
  • Limburgish: boum

Further reading

  • “boom”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “boom (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Polish

Etymology

From English boom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): //bum//

Noun

boom m inan

  1. (economics, business) boom (period of prosperity)
  2. boom (rapid expansion or increase)

Declension

Further reading

  • boom in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • boom in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom.

Noun

boom m (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) boom (period of prosperity)

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom.

Noun

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (period of prosperity or high market activity)

See also

  • bum

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