bleed vs leech what difference

what is difference between bleed and leech

English

Etymology

From Middle English bleden, from Old English blēdan (to bleed), from Proto-Germanic *blōþijaną (to bleed), from *blōþą (blood). Cognate with Scots blede, bleid (to bleed), West Frisian bliede (to bleed), Saterland Frisian bläide (to bleed), Dutch bloeden (to bleed), Low German blöden (to bleed), German bluten (to bleed), Danish bløde (to bleed), Swedish blöda (to bleed).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbliːd/
  • Rhymes: -iːd

Verb

bleed (third-person singular simple present bleeds, present participle bleeding, simple past and past participle bled)

  1. (intransitive, of a person or animal) To lose blood through an injured blood vessel.
  2. (transitive) To let or draw blood from.
  3. (transitive) To take large amounts of money from.
  4. (transitive) To steadily lose (something vital).
  5. (intransitive, of an ink or dye) To spread from the intended location and stain the surrounding cloth or paper.
  6. (transitive) To remove air bubbles from a pipe containing other fluids.
  7. (transitive) To tap off high-pressure gas (usually air) from a system that produces high-pressure gas primarily for another purpose.
  8. (obsolete, transitive) To bleed on; to make bloody.
    • And so Sir Trystrames bledde bothe the over-shete and the neyther-shete, and the pylowes and the hede-shete
  9. (intransitive, copulative) To show one’s group loyalty by showing (its associated color) in one’s blood.
  10. To lose sap, gum, or juice.
  11. To issue forth, or drop, like blood from an incision.
  12. (phonology, transitive, of a phonological rule) To destroy the environment where another phonological rule would have applied.
  13. (publishing, advertising, transitive, intransitive) To (cause to) extend to the edge of the page, without leaving any margin.
    • 1998, Macmillan Dictionary of Marketing and Advertising (page 35)
      Full-page and double-page colour advertisements in the Sunday colour magazines usually bleed off the page’ (or are ‘bled to the margin’), []
    • 2004, Dorothy A. Bowles, ‎Diane L. Borden, Creative Editing (page 361)
      Too, bleeding beyond margins provides editors with several picas of space for more layout.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

bleed (plural bleeds)

  1. An incident of bleeding, as in haemophilia.
  2. (aviation, usually in the plural) A system for tapping hot, high-pressure air from a gas turbine engine for purposes such as cabin pressurization and airframe anti-icing.
  3. (printing) A narrow edge around a page layout, to be printed but cut off afterwards (added to allow for slight misalignment, especially with pictures that should run to the edge of the finished sheet).
  4. (sound recording) The situation where sound is picked up by a microphone from a source other than that which is intended.
  5. The removal of air bubbles from a pipe containing other fluids.

Derived terms

Translations

References

  • bleed in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • bleed in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • Bedel, Lebed, bedel, beled, debel

Plautdietsch

Adjective

bleed

  1. shy, coy
  2. modest
  3. withdrawn
  4. timid, reticent, reluctant

Derived terms

  • Bleedheit


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: lēch, IPA(key): /liːtʃ/
  • Homophone: leach
  • Rhymes: -iːtʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English leche (blood-sucking worm), from Old English lǣċe (blood-sucking worm), akin to Middle Dutch lāke (“blood-sucking worm”; > modern Dutch laak).

Noun

leech (plural leeches)

  1. An aquatic blood-sucking annelid of class Hirudinea, especially Hirudo medicinalis.
    • 2003, William W. Johnstone, The Last Of The Dog Team, page 195
      The leech on his leg had swelled to more than five inches long, puffed and swollen on his blood.
  2. (figuratively) A person who derives profit from others in a parasitic fashion.
    • 2000, Ray Garmon, The Man Who Just Didn’t Care, page 20
      ‘Wrecked his body and his mind, no use to hisself or his family or nobody, just a leech on society’.
    • 2006, D. L. Harman, A State of Nine One One, page 106
      At this point, I felt this man was a leech. I suspected that he had spent a lifetime living off the good will of women that he met.
  3. (medicine, dated) A glass tube designed for drawing blood from damaged tissue by means of a vacuum.
Synonyms
  • (person who lives as a parasite): parasite, sponger, bloodsucker, vampire; See also Thesaurus:scrounger
Derived terms
  • land-leech
  • leechlike
  • water-leech
Translations

Verb

leech (third-person singular simple present leeches, present participle leeching, simple past and past participle leeched)

  1. (transitive) To apply a leech medicinally, so that it sucks blood from the patient.
    • 2003, George R.R. Martin, A Storm of Swords
      The poppy made him sleep and while he slept they leeched him to drain off the bad blood.
  2. (transitive) To drain (resources) without giving back.
    Bert leeched hundreds of files from the BBS, but never uploaded anything in return.
    • 1992, AfricAsia 2 (1): 12
      Guinea is also blocking Strasser’s efforts to stop illegal fishing in Sierra Leone’s territorial waters and the smuggling of gold and diamonds, which leech hundreds of millions of dollars from the country’s economy.
Usage notes

Do not confuse this verb with the verb to leach.

Synonyms
  • (to drain resources): drain
Derived terms
  • leecher
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English leche (physician), from Old English lǣċe (doctor, physician), from Proto-Germanic *lēkijaz (doctor), of disputed origin, but usually thought to be connected with Proto-Celtic (compare Old Irish líaig (charmer, exorcist, physician)) and Serbo-Croatian ljèkār, Polish lekarz (physician, doctor), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leg- (to collect, gather). Cognate with Old Frisian lētza (physician), Old Saxon lāki (physician), Old High German lāhhi (doctor, healer), Danish læge (doctor, surgeon), Gothic ???????????????????????? (lēkeis, physician), Old Irish líaig (exorcist, doctor).

Noun

leech (plural leeches)

  1. (archaic) A physician.
    • 1590, The Faerie Queene, by Edmund Spenserː
      Many skillful leeches him abide to salve his hurts.
    • 1610, Bolton, Armoriesː
      The word Physitian we do vulgarly abuse (as we doe very many other(s)) for a Leech , or Medicus.
    • 1610, Bolton, Armoriesː
      As if an expert leech must needs be expert in the physicks (that is, in those speculations which concerne the workes of nature) the nearest word to fall with our tongue, yet not farre from the thing, was physitian.
    • 1663, Hudibras, by Samuel Butler, part 1, canto 2
      Thus virtuous Orsin was endued / With learning, conduct, fortitude / Incomparable; and as the prince / Of poets, Homer, sung long since, / A skilful leech is better far, / Than half a hundred men of war […]
    • 1807, George Crabbeː
      Can this proud leech, with all his boasted skill, / Amend the soul or body, wit or will?
    • 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter:a Romance, page 141
      For the sake of the minister’s health, and to enable the leech to gather plants with healing balm in them, they took long walks on the seashore or in the forest; mingling various talk with the plash and murmur of the waves, and the solemn wind anthem among in treetops.
    • 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial 2007, p. 11:
      He coughed sputum stained with blood, and a scraping, crackling noise came from his chest, quite audible to anyone in the room. ‘Lungs possibly not too good,’ the leech said.
  2. (Germanic paganism) A healer.
    • 1900, Augustus Henry Keane, Man, Past and Present, The University Press (Cambridge)
      Their functions are threefold, those of the medicine-man (the leech, or healer by supernatural means); of the soothsayer (the prophet through communion with the invisible world); and of the priest, especially in his capacity as exorcist
    • 1996, Swain Wodening, “Scandinavian Craft Lesson 6: Runic Divination”, Theod Magazine 3 (4)
      In ancient times runesters were a specialized class separate from that of the witch or ordinary spell caster (much as the other specialists such as the leech or healer and the seithkona were different from a witch), and even today many believe it takes years of training to become adept at using the runes in spell work.
    • 2003, Brian Froud and Ari Berk, The Runes of Elfland, Pavillion Books, →ISBN, page 22
      Leech?” “Not another doctor”.
    • 2004, Runic John, The Book of Seidr, Capall Bann Publishing, →ISBN, page 282
      There are many kinds of “Leech” or “healer” as there are healing techniques, some are more powerful than others and some are very specific to certain illnesses and complaints; some use potions and unguents, others crystals and stones, others galdr and some work their healing from within the hidden realms themselves.
Synonyms
  • (physician): barber, doctor, physician
  • (healer in Heathenry): healer
Derived terms
  • leechbook
  • leechcraft
  • leechdom
  • leechery
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English lechen (to cure, heal, treat), from Middle English leche (doctor, physician). Compare Swedish läka (to heal).

Verb

leech (third-person singular simple present leeches, present participle leeching, simple past and past participle leeched)

  1. (archaic, rare) To treat, cure or heal.
    • 1564, Accounts of Louth Corporalː
      Paid for leeching.. my horses very sick.
    • 1566–74, Accounts of the Treasurer of Scotlandː
      To one man (that) broke his leg in Strivelin … Item to the man that leecheth him.
    • 1850, Blackieː
      A disease that none may leech.
Synonyms
  • (make better): treat, cure, heal
Derived terms
  • leecher
References
  • NED

Etymology 4

From Middle English lek, leche, lyche, from Old Norse lík (leechline), from Proto-West Germanic *līk, from Proto-Germanic *līką (compare West Frisian lyk (band), Dutch lijk (boltrope), Middle High German geleich (joint, limb)), from Proto-Indo-European *leyǵ- ‘to bind’ (compare Latin ligō (tie, bind), Ukrainian нали́гати (nalýhaty, to bridle, fetter), Albanian lidh (to bind), Hittite link– (caus. linganu-) ‘to swear’ (with -n- infix).

Noun

leech (plural leeches)

  1. (nautical) The vertical edge of a square sail.
    • 1984, Sven Donaldson, A Sailor’s Guide to Sails, page 130
      To help combat these problems, almost all sailmakers trim the leeches of their headsails to a hollow or concave profile and enclose a LEECHLINE within the leech tabling.
  2. (nautical) The aft edge of a triangular sail.
    • 2004, Gary Jobson, Gary Jobson’s Championship Sailing, page 176
      Trim the leech of the jib parallel to the main by watching the slot between the mainsail and the jib.
Derived terms
  • leech line
Translations
See also
  • parts of a sail on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • foot
  • luff

Anagrams

  • chele, leche

West Frisian

Etymology 1

From Old Frisian lēch, from Proto-Germanic *lēgaz, *lēgijaz. Cognate with English low, Low German leeg, Dutch laag.

Adjective

leech

  1. low
Inflection
Further reading
  • “leech (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2

From Old Frisian lethich, from Proto-Germanic *liþugaz. Cognate with English lithy, Low German leddig, Dutch leeg, German ledig.

Adjective

leech

  1. empty
Inflection
Further reading
  • “leech (III)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Yola

Etymology

From Middle English leche, from Old English lǣċe, from Proto-West Germanic *lākī.

Noun

leech

  1. physician

References

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith

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