blemish vs flaw what difference

what is difference between blemish and flaw

English

Etymology

From Middle English blemisshen, blemissen, from Old French blemiss-, stem of Old French blemir, blesmir (make pale, injure, wound, bruise) (French blêmir), from Old Frankish *blesmjan, *blasmijan (to make pale), from Old Frankish *blasmi (pale), from Proto-Germanic *blasaz (white, pale), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to shine). Cognate with Dutch bles (white spot), German blass (pale), Old English āblered (bare, uncovered, bald, shaven).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈblɛmɪʃ/
  • Hyphenation: blem‧ish

Noun

blemish (plural blemishes)

  1. A small flaw which spoils the appearance of something, a stain, a spot.
    • 1769, Oxford Standard Text, King James Bible, Leviticus, 22, xix,
      Ye shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats.
    • 1997, Jean Soler, 5: The Semiotics of Food in the Bible, Carole Counihan, Penny Van Esterik (editors), Food and Culture: A Reader, page 61,
      Any foot shape deviating from this model is conceived as a blemish, and the animal is unclean.
    • 2003, A. K. Forrest, Chapter 6: Surface Defect Detection on Ceramics, Mark Graves, Bruce Batchelor (editors), Machine Vision for the Inspection of Natural Products, page 193,
      There are a very large number of types of blemish and the smallest blemish visible to a human can be surprisingly small, for example less than 10μm deep, which may be on the surface of a heavily embossed tile.
  2. A moral defect; a character flaw.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:defect

Related terms

  • blemished (adjective)
  • blemishless
  • blemishment

Translations

Verb

blemish (third-person singular simple present blemishes, present participle blemishing, simple past and past participle blemished)

  1. To spoil the appearance of.
    • 2009, Michael A. Kirkman, Chapter 2: Global Markets fo Processed Potato Products, Jaspreet Singh, Lovedeep Kaur (editors), Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology, page 40,
      Generally, varieties in current use for processing are resilient, if not wholly resistant to blemishing diseases and disorders.
    • 2011, Rob Imrie, Emma Street, Architectural Design and Regulation, unnumbered page,
      I mean it reaches a point of ridiculousness in some regards, and one′s seen actually many good schemes here in San Francisco, for example, that have been blemished by an overly strict adherence to codes.
  2. To tarnish (reputation, character, etc.); to defame.
    • 1600, Francis Vere, Commentaries of the Divers Pieces of Service
      There had nothing passed betwixt us that might blemish reputation.

Translations



English

Etymology 1

From Middle English flawe, flay (a flake of fire or snow, spark, splinter), probably from Old Norse flaga (a flag or slab of stone, flake), from Proto-Germanic *flagō (a layer of soil), from Proto-Indo-European *plāk- (broad, flat). Cognate with Icelandic flaga (flake), Swedish flaga (flake, scale), Danish flage (flake), Middle Low German vlage (a layer of soil), Old English flōh (a frament, piece).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈflɔː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈflɔ/
  • (cotcaught merger) IPA(key): /ˈflɑ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː
  • Homophone: floor (in non-rhotic accents with the horse–hoarse merger)

Noun

flaw (plural flaws)

  1. (obsolete) A flake, fragment, or shiver.
  2. (obsolete) A thin cake, as of ice.
  3. A crack or breach, a gap or fissure; a defect of continuity or cohesion.
  4. A defect, fault, or imperfection, especially one that is hidden.
    • Has not this also its flaws and its dark side?
    1. (in particular) An inclusion, stain, or other defect of a diamond or other gemstone.
    2. (law) A defect or error in a contract or other document which may make the document invalid or ineffective.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:defect
Derived terms
  • flawful
  • flawless
  • flawsome
  • tragic flaw
Translations

Verb

flaw (third-person singular simple present flaws, present participle flawing, simple past and past participle flawed)

  1. (transitive) To add a flaw to, to make imperfect or defective.
  2. (intransitive) To become imperfect or defective; to crack or break.
Translations

Etymology 2

Probably Middle Dutch vlāghe or Middle Low German vlāge. Or, of North Germanic origin, from Swedish flaga (gust of wind), from Old Norse flaga; all from Proto-Germanic *flagōn-. See modern Dutch vlaag (gust of wind).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈflɔː/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː

Noun

flaw (plural flaws)

  1. A sudden burst or gust of wind of short duration; windflaw.
    • ?, Alfred Tennyson, The Marriage of Geraint
      Like flaws in summer laying lusty corn.
  2. A storm of short duration.
  3. A sudden burst of noise and disorder
    Synonyms: tumult, uproar, quarrel
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • AFLW, WAFL

Sranan Tongo

Verb

flaw

  1. To faint.

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