block vs lug what difference

what is difference between block and lug

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /blɒk/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /blɑk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒk
  • Homophone: bloc

Etymology 1

From Middle English blok (log, stump, solid piece), from Old French bloc (log, block), from Middle Dutch blok (treetrunk), from Old Dutch *blok (log), from Proto-West Germanic *blokk, from Proto-Germanic *blukką (beam, log), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵ- (thick plank, beam, pile, prop). Cognate with Old Frisian blok, Old Saxon blok, Old High German bloh, bloc (block), Old English bolca (gangway of a ship, plank), Old Norse bǫlkr (divider, partition). More at balk. See also bloc.

Noun

block (plural blocks)

  1. A substantial, often approximately cuboid, piece of any substance.
    a block of ice, a block of stone
    1. A chopping block: a cuboid base for cutting or beheading.
      Anne Boleyn placed her head on the block and awaited her execution.
      • You young porkers who are sitting in front of me, every one of you will scream your lives out at the block within a year.
    2. A wig block: a simplified head model upon which wigs are worn.
      • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 13
        Next morning, Monday, after disposing of the embalmed head to a barber, for a block, I settled my own and comrade’s bill; using, however, my comrade’s money.
    3. A mould on which hats, bonnets, etc., are shaped.
    4. (printing, dated) A piece of hard wood on which a stereotype or electrotype plate is mounted.
    5. A case or frame housing one or more sheaves (pulleys), used with ropes to increase or redirect force, for example as part of lifting gear or a sailing ship’s rigging. See also block and tackle.
    6. A section of split logs used as fuel.
      • 1833, The Gospel Anchor (volume 2, page 371)
        She said, ‘I hope I shall not be left to kill myself, but It would be no more sin to kill me, than to put a block on the fire.’
      • 2012, Ron Herrett, Shorty’s Story
        Dawn and Shorty would cut this tree into blocks, while Randy and Matt went back for more. Dawn and Shorty made a good team on the crosscut, so when another log arrived, the first was almost completely made into shake wood.
    7. A set of sheets (of paper) joined together at one end, forming a cuboid shape.
      a block of 100 tickets
    8. (falconry) The perch on which a bird of prey is kept.
  2. A physical area or extent of something, often rectangular or approximately rectangular.
    a block of text, a block of colour, a block of land
    1. (philately) A joined group of four (or in some cases nine) postage stamps, forming a roughly square shape.
    2. (viticulture) A discrete group of vines in a vineyard, often distinguished from others by variety, clone, canopy training method, irrigation infrastructure, or some combination thereof.
  3. A logical extent or region; a grouping or apportionment of like things treated together as a unit.
    a block of data, a block of seven days, a block reservation
    1. (computing) A logical data storage unit containing one or more physical sectors (see cluster).
    2. (programming) A region of code in a program that acts as a single unit, such as a function or loop.
    3. (cryptography) A fixed-length group of bits making up part of a message.
    4. (chemistry) A portion of a macromolecule, comprising many units, that has at least one feature not present in adjacent portions.
    5. (rail transport) A section of a railroad where the block system is used.
    6. (computing) A contiguous range of Unicode code points used to encode characters of a specific type; can be of any size evenly divisible by 16, up to 65,536 (a full plane).
  4. A contiguous group of urban lots of property, typically several acres in extent, not crossed by public streets.
    I’m going for a walk around the block.
    1. The distance from one street to another in a city or suburb that is built (approximately) to a grid pattern.
      The place you are looking for is two long blocks east and one short block north.
  5. A roughly cuboid building.
    a block of flats, a tower block, an office block, a toilet block, a shower block
    1. A cellblock.
  6. Something that prevents something from passing.
    Synonyms: barrier, blockage, obstruction
    There’s a block in the pipe that means the water can’t get through.
    1. Interference or obstruction of cognitive processes.
      a mental block
      writer’s block
    2. (sports) An action to interfere with the movement of an opposing player or of the object of play (ball, puck).
      1. (cricket) A shot played by holding the bat vertically in the path of the ball, so that it loses momentum and drops to the ground.
      2. (cricket) The position of a player or bat when guarding the wicket.
      3. (cricket) A blockhole.
      4. (cricket) The popping crease.
      5. (volleyball) A defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter’s court.
      Synonyms: stuff, roof, wall
    3. A temporary or permanent ban that prevents access to an online account or service, or connection to or from a designated telephone number, IP address, or similar.
  7. (slang) The human head.
    I’ll knock your block off!
  8. (Britain) Solitary confinement.
  9. (obsolete) A blockhead; a stupid fellow; a dolt.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:head
  • city block
Related terms
  • bloc
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Verb

block (third-person singular simple present blocks, present participle blocking, simple past and past participle blocked)

  1. (transitive) To fill or obstruct (something) so that it is not possible to pass.
    The pipe was blocked by leaves.
  2. (transitive) To prevent (something or someone) from passing.
    A broken-down car is blocking the traffic.
  3. (transitive) To prevent (something from happening or someone from doing something).
    His plan to take over the business was blocked by the boss.
  4. (transitive, sports) To impede (an opponent or opponent’s play).
    He blocked the basketball player’s shot.
    The offensive linemen tried to block the blitz.
  5. (transitive, theater) To specify the positions and movements of the actors for (a section of a play or film).
    It was very difficult to block this scene convincingly.
  6. (transitive, cricket) To hit with a block.
  7. (intransitive, cricket) To play a block shot.
  8. (transitive) To bar (someone undesirable) from connecting via telephone, instant messaging, etc., or from accessing an online account or service, or similar.
    I tried to send you a message, but you’ve blocked me!
  9. (transitive) To bar (a message or communication), or bar connection with (an online account or service, a designated telephone number, IP address, etc.).
  10. (programming, intransitive) To wait for some condition to become true.
    When the condition expression is false, the thread blocks on the condition variable.
    • 2014, Richard Blewett, ‎Andrew Clymer, Pro Asynchronous Programming with .NET (page 25)
      Post is a “fire and forget” where the UI thread work is performed asynchronously; Send is synchronous in that the call blocks until the UI thread work has been performed.
  11. (transitive) To stretch or mould (a knitted item, a hat, etc.) into the desired shape.
    I blocked the mittens by wetting them and pinning them to a shaped piece of cardboard.
  12. (transitive) To shape or sketch out roughly.
    When drawing a scene, first block the main features, and then fill in the detail.
  13. (transitive, slang, obsolete) To knock (a person’s hat) down over their eyes.
    Synonym: bonnet
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

block

  1. Misspelling of bloc.

Manx

Etymology

Borrowed from English block.

Noun

block m (genitive singular bluick)

  1. block, log, cake (of soap)

Derived terms

  • block-lettyr

Mutation


Spanish

Etymology

From English block. Doublet of bloc and bloque.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈblok/, [ˈblok]

Noun

block m (plural blocks)

  1. (Guatemala) cement block
    Synonym: bloque de cemento

Swedish

Etymology

From Middle Low German block, from Old Saxon blok, from Proto-West Germanic *blokk, from Proto-Germanic *blukką.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈblɔk/

Noun

block n

  1. a block, a boulder, a cuboid (of ice, wood, rock)
  2. a block, a pad, a notebook
  3. a block, a pulley
  4. a block, a piece of data storage
  5. a bloc (of voters or countries)

Declension

Related terms

  • anteckningsblock
  • blädderblock
  • blockad
  • blockbaserad
  • blockera
  • blockstorlek
  • diskblock
  • flyttblock
  • isblock
  • skrivblock
  • stenblock


English

Etymology

Probably from Old Norse (compare Swedish lugga, Norwegian lugge). Noun is via Scots lugge, probably from Old Norse (compare Norwegian and Swedish lugg). Probably related to slug (lazy, slow-moving), which is from similar Scandinavian sources.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American, Canada) enPR: lŭg, IPA(key): /lʌɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌɡ

Noun

lug (plural lugs)

  1. The act of hauling or dragging.
  2. That which is hauled or dragged.
  3. Anything that moves slowly.
    • 1545, Roger Ascham, Toxophilus
      whereof the one is quick of cast, trick, and trim both for pleasure and profit: the other is a lug
  4. A lug nut.
    Synonym: lug nut
  5. (electricity) A device for terminating an electrical conductor to facilitate the mechanical connection; to the conductor it may be crimped to form a cold weld, soldered or have pressure from a screw.
  6. A part of something which sticks out, used as a handle or support.
  7. A fool, a large man.
    Synonym: big lug
  8. (Britain) An ear or ear lobe.
  9. A wood box used for transporting fruit or vegetables.
  10. (slang) A request for money, as for political purposes.
  11. (Britain, dialect) A rod or pole.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)
  12. (Britain, archaic, dialect) A measure of length equal to 16+12 feet.
    Synonym: rod
  13. (nautical) A lugsail.
  14. (harness) The leather loop or ear by which a shaft is held up.
  15. A loop (or protuberance) found on both arms of a hinge, featuring a hole for the axis of the hinge.
  16. A ridge or other protuberance on the surface of a body to increase traction or provide a hold for holding and moving it.
  17. A lugworm.

Derived terms

  • (protruding support): launch lug

Translations

Verb

lug (third-person singular simple present lugs, present participle lugging, simple past and past participle lugged)

  1. (transitive, sometimes figuratively) To haul or drag along (especially something heavy); to carry; to pull.
    • c. 1700 Jeremy Collier, A Thought
      They must divide the image among them, and so lug off every one his share.
    • 1923, P. G. Wodehouse, The Inimitable Jeeves:
      As a rule, you see, I’m not lugged into Family Rows. On the occasions when Aunt is calling to Aunt like mastodons bellowing across primeval swamps and Uncle James’s letter about Cousin Mabel’s peculiar behaviour is being shot round the family circle… the clan has a tendency to ignore me.
  2. (transitive) To run at too slow a speed.
  3. (transitive, nautical) To carry an excessive amount of sail for the conditions prevailing.
  4. (intransitive, horse-racing) To pull toward the inside rail (“lugging in”) or the outside rail (“lugging out”) during a race.

Derived terms

  • luggage

Translations

References

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [2]
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [3]

Anagrams

  • Gul

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch lucht.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lœχ/

Noun

lug (uncountable, diminutive luggie)

  1. air

Usage notes

The plural form of lug is lugte, but it exists only in literary texts and is otherwise never used.


Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *lug(ā), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)leuK- (to gulp/drink (down), swallow). Cognate to Lithuanian liũgas (morass), Old Norse slok (trough, spillway), Middle High German slūch (gulf, abyss).

Noun

lug m (indefinite plural lugje, definite singular lugu, definite plural lugjet)

  1. trough, (water) channel, spillway
  2. groove (especially in trees)
  3. valley (between mountains or hills through which a river or creek flows)

Declension

Derived terms

References


Irish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

lug m (genitive singular luga, nominative plural luganna)

  1. (mechanics) lug

Declension

Derived terms

  • lug seoil (lugsail)

Further reading

  • “lug” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “lug” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Livonian

Etymology

Akin to Finnish luku.

Noun

lug

  1. number

Primitive Irish

Romanization

lug

  1. Romanization of ᚂᚒᚌ

Scanian

Etymology

From Old Norse lok.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈlǿʉːɣ]

Noun

lug n

  1. weed, unwanted plant

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *lǫgъ.

Noun

lȗg m (Cyrillic spelling лу̑г)

  1. small forest, grove
    Synonyms: šumica, gaj
  2. swamp forest
Declension

Further reading

  • “lug” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Etymology 2

From Middle High German louge, from Proto-Germanic *laugō (“soap, lye”).

Noun

lȗg m (Cyrillic spelling лу̑г)

  1. ash (fire residue)
  2. lye
Declension

Further reading

  • “lug” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Etymology

From Middle High German louge, from Proto-Germanic *laugō (“soap, lye”).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lùːk/, /lúːk/

Noun

lūg m inan

  1. lye

Inflection

Further reading

  • lug”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Somali

Noun

lug ?

  1. leg

Sumerian

Romanization

lug

  1. Romanization of ???? (lug)

Yola

Noun

lug

  1. Alternative form of lhug

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