block vs stop what difference

what is difference between block and stop

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /blɒk/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /blɑk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒk
  • Homophone: bloc

Etymology 1

From Middle English blok (log, stump, solid piece), from Old French bloc (log, block), from Middle Dutch blok (treetrunk), from Old Dutch *blok (log), from Proto-West Germanic *blokk, from Proto-Germanic *blukką (beam, log), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵ- (thick plank, beam, pile, prop). Cognate with Old Frisian blok, Old Saxon blok, Old High German bloh, bloc (block), Old English bolca (gangway of a ship, plank), Old Norse bǫlkr (divider, partition). More at balk. See also bloc.

Noun

block (plural blocks)

  1. A substantial, often approximately cuboid, piece of any substance.
    a block of ice, a block of stone
    1. A chopping block: a cuboid base for cutting or beheading.
      Anne Boleyn placed her head on the block and awaited her execution.
      • You young porkers who are sitting in front of me, every one of you will scream your lives out at the block within a year.
    2. A wig block: a simplified head model upon which wigs are worn.
      • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 13
        Next morning, Monday, after disposing of the embalmed head to a barber, for a block, I settled my own and comrade’s bill; using, however, my comrade’s money.
    3. A mould on which hats, bonnets, etc., are shaped.
    4. (printing, dated) A piece of hard wood on which a stereotype or electrotype plate is mounted.
    5. A case or frame housing one or more sheaves (pulleys), used with ropes to increase or redirect force, for example as part of lifting gear or a sailing ship’s rigging. See also block and tackle.
    6. A section of split logs used as fuel.
      • 1833, The Gospel Anchor (volume 2, page 371)
        She said, ‘I hope I shall not be left to kill myself, but It would be no more sin to kill me, than to put a block on the fire.’
      • 2012, Ron Herrett, Shorty’s Story
        Dawn and Shorty would cut this tree into blocks, while Randy and Matt went back for more. Dawn and Shorty made a good team on the crosscut, so when another log arrived, the first was almost completely made into shake wood.
    7. A set of sheets (of paper) joined together at one end, forming a cuboid shape.
      a block of 100 tickets
    8. (falconry) The perch on which a bird of prey is kept.
  2. A physical area or extent of something, often rectangular or approximately rectangular.
    a block of text, a block of colour, a block of land
    1. (philately) A joined group of four (or in some cases nine) postage stamps, forming a roughly square shape.
    2. (viticulture) A discrete group of vines in a vineyard, often distinguished from others by variety, clone, canopy training method, irrigation infrastructure, or some combination thereof.
  3. A logical extent or region; a grouping or apportionment of like things treated together as a unit.
    a block of data, a block of seven days, a block reservation
    1. (computing) A logical data storage unit containing one or more physical sectors (see cluster).
    2. (programming) A region of code in a program that acts as a single unit, such as a function or loop.
    3. (cryptography) A fixed-length group of bits making up part of a message.
    4. (chemistry) A portion of a macromolecule, comprising many units, that has at least one feature not present in adjacent portions.
    5. (rail transport) A section of a railroad where the block system is used.
    6. (computing) A contiguous range of Unicode code points used to encode characters of a specific type; can be of any size evenly divisible by 16, up to 65,536 (a full plane).
  4. A contiguous group of urban lots of property, typically several acres in extent, not crossed by public streets.
    I’m going for a walk around the block.
    1. The distance from one street to another in a city or suburb that is built (approximately) to a grid pattern.
      The place you are looking for is two long blocks east and one short block north.
  5. A roughly cuboid building.
    a block of flats, a tower block, an office block, a toilet block, a shower block
    1. A cellblock.
  6. Something that prevents something from passing.
    Synonyms: barrier, blockage, obstruction
    There’s a block in the pipe that means the water can’t get through.
    1. Interference or obstruction of cognitive processes.
      a mental block
      writer’s block
    2. (sports) An action to interfere with the movement of an opposing player or of the object of play (ball, puck).
      1. (cricket) A shot played by holding the bat vertically in the path of the ball, so that it loses momentum and drops to the ground.
      2. (cricket) The position of a player or bat when guarding the wicket.
      3. (cricket) A blockhole.
      4. (cricket) The popping crease.
      5. (volleyball) A defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter’s court.
      Synonyms: stuff, roof, wall
    3. A temporary or permanent ban that prevents access to an online account or service, or connection to or from a designated telephone number, IP address, or similar.
  7. (slang) The human head.
    I’ll knock your block off!
  8. (Britain) Solitary confinement.
  9. (obsolete) A blockhead; a stupid fellow; a dolt.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:head
  • city block
Related terms
  • bloc
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Verb

block (third-person singular simple present blocks, present participle blocking, simple past and past participle blocked)

  1. (transitive) To fill or obstruct (something) so that it is not possible to pass.
    The pipe was blocked by leaves.
  2. (transitive) To prevent (something or someone) from passing.
    A broken-down car is blocking the traffic.
  3. (transitive) To prevent (something from happening or someone from doing something).
    His plan to take over the business was blocked by the boss.
  4. (transitive, sports) To impede (an opponent or opponent’s play).
    He blocked the basketball player’s shot.
    The offensive linemen tried to block the blitz.
  5. (transitive, theater) To specify the positions and movements of the actors for (a section of a play or film).
    It was very difficult to block this scene convincingly.
  6. (transitive, cricket) To hit with a block.
  7. (intransitive, cricket) To play a block shot.
  8. (transitive) To bar (someone undesirable) from connecting via telephone, instant messaging, etc., or from accessing an online account or service, or similar.
    I tried to send you a message, but you’ve blocked me!
  9. (transitive) To bar (a message or communication), or bar connection with (an online account or service, a designated telephone number, IP address, etc.).
  10. (programming, intransitive) To wait for some condition to become true.
    When the condition expression is false, the thread blocks on the condition variable.
    • 2014, Richard Blewett, ‎Andrew Clymer, Pro Asynchronous Programming with .NET (page 25)
      Post is a “fire and forget” where the UI thread work is performed asynchronously; Send is synchronous in that the call blocks until the UI thread work has been performed.
  11. (transitive) To stretch or mould (a knitted item, a hat, etc.) into the desired shape.
    I blocked the mittens by wetting them and pinning them to a shaped piece of cardboard.
  12. (transitive) To shape or sketch out roughly.
    When drawing a scene, first block the main features, and then fill in the detail.
  13. (transitive, slang, obsolete) To knock (a person’s hat) down over their eyes.
    Synonym: bonnet
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

block

  1. Misspelling of bloc.

Manx

Etymology

Borrowed from English block.

Noun

block m (genitive singular bluick)

  1. block, log, cake (of soap)

Derived terms

  • block-lettyr

Mutation


Spanish

Etymology

From English block. Doublet of bloc and bloque.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈblok/, [ˈblok]

Noun

block m (plural blocks)

  1. (Guatemala) cement block
    Synonym: bloque de cemento

Swedish

Etymology

From Middle Low German block, from Old Saxon blok, from Proto-West Germanic *blokk, from Proto-Germanic *blukką.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈblɔk/

Noun

block n

  1. a block, a boulder, a cuboid (of ice, wood, rock)
  2. a block, a pad, a notebook
  3. a block, a pulley
  4. a block, a piece of data storage
  5. a bloc (of voters or countries)

Declension

Related terms

  • anteckningsblock
  • blädderblock
  • blockad
  • blockbaserad
  • blockera
  • blockstorlek
  • diskblock
  • flyttblock
  • isblock
  • skrivblock
  • stenblock


Translingual

Etymology

From English full stop

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈstɔp]

Noun

stop

  1. Code word for a full stop in the NATO/ICAO spelling alphabet

References


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: stŏp, IPA(key): /stɒp/
  • (General American) enPR: stäp, IPA(key): /stɑp/
  • Rhymes: -ɒp

Etymology 1

From Middle English stoppen, stoppien, from Old English stoppian (to stop, close), from Proto-West Germanic *stuppōn, from Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn (to stop, close), *stuppijaną (to push, pierce, prick), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewp-, *(s)tewb- (to push; stick), from *(s)tew- (to bump; impact; butt; push; beat; strike; hit). Cognate with Saterland Frisian stopje (to stop, block), West Frisian stopje (to stop), Dutch stoppen (to stop), Low German stoppen (to stop), German stopfen (to be filling, stuff), German stoppen (to stop), Danish stoppe (to stop), Swedish stoppa (to stop), Icelandic stoppa (to stop), Middle High German stupfen, stüpfen (to pierce). More at stuff, stump.

Alternate etymology derives Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn from an assumed Vulgar Latin *stūpāre, *stuppāre (to stop up with tow), from stūpa, stīpa, stuppa (tow, flax, oakum), from Ancient Greek στύπη (stúpē), στύππη (stúppē, tow, flax, oakum). This derivation, however, is doubtful, as the earliest instances of the Germanic verb do not carry the meaning of “stuff, stop with tow”. Rather, these senses developed later in response to influence from similar sounding words in Latin and Romance.

Verb

stop (third-person singular simple present stops, present participle stopping, simple past and past participle stopped)

  1. (intransitive) To cease moving.
  2. (intransitive) To not continue.
  3. (transitive) To cause (something) to cease moving or progressing.
  4. (transitive) To cease; to no longer continue (doing something).
  5. (transitive) To cause (something) to come to an end.
  6. (transitive) To close or block an opening.
  7. (transitive, intransitive, photography, often with “up” or “down”) To adjust the aperture of a camera lens.
  8. (intransitive) To stay; to spend a short time; to reside or tarry temporarily.
    • 1887, R. D. Blackmore, Springhaven
      by stopping at home till the money was gone
    • 1931, E. F. Benson, Mapp & Lucia, chapter 7
      She’s not going away. She’s going to stop here forever.
  9. (music) To regulate the sounds of (musical strings, etc.) by pressing them against the fingerboard with the finger, or otherwise shortening the vibrating part.
  10. (obsolete) To punctuate.
    • if his sentences were properly stopped
  11. (nautical) To make fast; to stopper.
  12. (phonetics, transitive) To pronounce (a phoneme) as a stop.
Conjugation
Usage notes
  • This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing) to indicate the ending action, or the to infinitive to indicate the purpose of the interruption. See Appendix:English catenative verbs for more information.
Synonyms
  • (to cease moving): brake, desist, halt; See also Thesaurus:stop
  • (to not continue): blin, cease, desist, discontinue, halt, terminate; See also Thesaurus:desist
  • (to cause to cease moving): arrest, freeze, halt; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
  • (to cause to come to an end): blin, cancel, cease, discontinue, halt, terminate; See also Thesaurus:end
  • (to tarry): hang about, hang around, linger, loiter, pause; See also Thesaurus:tarry
  • (to reside temporarily): lodge, stop over; See also Thesaurus:sojourn
Antonyms
  • (to cease moving): continue, go, move, proceed
  • (to not continue): continue, proceed
  • (to cause to cease moving): continue, move
  • (to cause to come to an end): continue, move
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Finnish: stop
  • French: stop
  • Hungarian: stop
  • Irish: stop
  • Italian: stop
  • Latvian: stop
  • Polish: stop
  • Portuguese: stop
  • Russian: стоп (stop)
  • Spanish: stop
  • Welsh: stopio
  • Tok Pisin: stap
Translations

Noun

stop (plural stops)

  1. A (usually marked) place where buses, trams or trains halt to let passengers get on and off, usually smaller than a station.
    Related terms: halt, station.
  2. An action of stopping; interruption of travel.
    • 1722, Daniel Defoe, Journal of the Plague Year
      It is [] doubtful [] whether it contributed anything to the stop of the infection.
    • Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of natural philosophy.
    • It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires to give this stop to them.
  3. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; an obstacle; an impediment.
    • A fatal stop trauerst their headlong course
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Advantages of conversing with good Men
      So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent.
  4. A device intended to block the path of a moving object
    1. (engineering) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.
    2. (architecture) A member, plain or moulded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts.
  5. (linguistics) A consonant sound in which the passage of air through the mouth is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis.
    Synonyms: plosive, occlusive
  6. A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon.
  7. (music) A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ.
  8. (music) One of the vent-holes in a wind instrument, or the place on the wire of a stringed instrument, by the stopping or pressing of which certain notes are produced.
  9. (tennis) A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible.
  10. (soccer) A save; preventing the opposition from scoring a goal
  11. (zoology) The depression in a dog’s face between the skull and the nasal bones.
  12. (photography) A part of a photographic system that reduces the amount of light.
  13. (photography) A unit of exposure corresponding to a doubling of the brightness of an image.
  14. (photography) An f-stop.
  15. The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.
  16. (fencing) A coup d’arret, or stop thrust.
Derived terms
Translations
References

Punctuation mark

stop

  1. Used to indicate the end of a sentence in a telegram.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English stoppe, from Old English stoppa (bucket, pail, a stop), from Proto-Germanic *stuppô (vat, vessel), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teub- (to push, hit; stick, stump). See stoup.

Noun

stop (plural stops)

  1. (Britain dialectal) A small well-bucket; a milk-pail.
Translations

Etymology 3

s- +‎ top

Adjective

stop (not comparable)

  1. (physics) Being or relating to the squark that is the superpartner of a top quark.

Anagrams

  • OTPs, POST, POTS, PTOs, Post, Spot, TPOs, opts, post, post-, post., pots, spot, tops

Danish

Verb

stop

  1. imperative of stoppe

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔp/
  • Hyphenation: stop
  • Rhymes: -ɔp

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch stoppe. See the verb stoppen.

Noun

stop m (plural stoppen, diminutive stopje n)

  1. An action of stopping, cessation.
  2. A plug for a sink, a stopper.
  3. An electric fuse.
    Synonyms: smeltstop, zekering
Derived terms
  • smeltstop
  • stopcontact
  • stoppenkast

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

stop

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stoppen
  2. imperative of stoppen

Anagrams

  • post
  • spot

Finnish

Interjection

stop

  1. stop (halt)
  2. stop (end-of-sentence indicator in telegrams)

Synonyms

  • (halt): seis

French

Etymology

1792. Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔp/

Interjection

stop!

  1. stop!

Noun

stop m (uncountable)

  1. stop sign
  2. hitchhiking

Derived terms

  • auto-stop
  • stop américain
  • stop-motion
  • stopper

Descendants

  • Moroccan Arabic: سطوب

Further reading

  • “stop” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • pots, spot

Hungarian

Etymology

Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃtopː], [ˈʃtop]
  • Rhymes: -opː, -op

Interjection

stop

  1. halt! stop!

Punctuation

stop

  1. stop (used to indicate the end of a sentence in a telegram)

Noun

stop (plural stopok)

  1. (colloquial) stop sign (a red sign on the side of a street instructing vehicles to stop)
  2. (colloquial) hitchhike (an act of hitchhiking, trying to get a ride in a passing vehicle while standing at the side of a road)

Declension

Derived terms

  • stopfürdő
  • stoptábla

Irish

Etymology

Borrowed from English stop, from Middle English stoppen, from Old English stoppian (to stop, close).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sˠt̪ˠɔpˠ/

Verb

stop (present analytic stopann, future analytic stopfaidh, verbal noun stopadh, past participle stoptha)

  1. to stop

Conjugation

Synonyms

  • stad

Noun

stop m (genitive singular stop, nominative plural stopanna)

  1. a stop (place to get on and off line buses or trams; interruption of travel; device to block path)

Declension

Synonyms

  • stad

Further reading

  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “stopaid”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  • “stop” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɔp/

Interjection

stop

  1. stop!, halt!

Noun

stop m

  1. stop (roadsign; bus stop etc; block)

Anagrams

  • post, post-, spot

Latvian

Etymology

Borrowed from English stop.

Interjection

stop!

  1. stop!, halt!

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /stɔp/
  • Rhymes: -ɔp

Etymology 1

Deverbal of stopić.

Noun

stop m inan

  1. (chemistry) an alloy; a mixture of metals.
Declension
Synonyms
  • aliaż (obsolete)

Verb

stop

  1. second-person singular imperative of stopić

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English stop.

Interjection

stop

  1. stop!, halt!

Noun

stop m inan

  1. a stop sign.
  2. (colloquial) a vehicle’s brake light.
  3. (colloquial) hitchhiking.

Further reading

  • stop in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • stop in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈstɔp/, /ˈstɔ.pi/

Noun

stop m (plural stops)

  1. stop (function or button that causes a device to stop operating)
  2. (uncountable) A game in which the players write on paper one word from each category (animal, fruit, etc.), all beginning with the same letter, as quickly as possible. In Spanish: tutti frutti.
    Synonym: adedanha
  3. (stock market) stop loss order (order to close one’s position if the market drops to a specified price level)
  4. (colloquial) stop; end (the act of putting a stop to something)

Interjection

stop!

  1. Said by a player of the game of stop to cease the current turn, after which the players count how many words they wrote.

See also

  • CEP (acronym of “cidade, estado, país”, meaning “city, state, country”, a category in the game of stop)

Further reading

  • Stop! on the Portuguese Wikipedia.Wikipedia pt

Romanian

Etymology

From French stop.

Noun

stop n (uncountable)

  1. stop

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /esˈtop/, [esˈt̪op]

Interjection

stop

  1. stop

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse staup (small glass for liquor)

Noun

stop n

  1. beer mug.
  2. stoup

Declension

Synonyms

  • sejdel

Anagrams

  • post

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