bloom vs blooming what difference

what is difference between bloom and blooming



  • IPA(key): /bluːm/
  • Homophone: Bloom
  • Rhymes: -uːm

Etymology 1

From Middle English blome, from Old Norse blóm, from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Doublet of bloom (“spongy mass of metal”); see there for more.


bloom (countable and uncountable, plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
    • 1843, William H. Prescott, The History of the Conquest of Mexico
      the rich blooms and enamelled vegetation of the tropics
  2. (collective) Flowers.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
  4. (figuratively) A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    • every successive mother had transmitted to her child a fainter bloom, a more delicate and briefer beauty.
  5. Rosy colour; the flush or glow on a person’s cheek.
  6. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
    • 2010, Donna Pliner Rodnitzky, Low-Carb Smoothies
      The bloom on blueberries is the dusty powder that protects them from the Sun; it does not rinse off.
  7. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
  8. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  9. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  10. (mineralogy) A bright-hued variety of some minerals.
  11. (cooking) A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
  12. (television) An undesirable halo effect that may occur when a very bright region is displayed next to a very dark region of the screen.
  • (flower of a plant): blossom, flower
  • (opening of flowers): blossom, flower
  • (anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness): flush, glow
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English bloom (a blossom).


bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      Charitable affection bloomed them.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish; to be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigour; to show beauty and freshness.
    • a. 1788, John Logan, A Tale
      A better country blooms to view, / Beneath a brighter sky.
  5. (cooking) To bring out the flavor of a spice by cooking it in oil.
  • (produce blooms): blossom, flower
  • (flourish): blossom, flourish, thrive
Derived terms
  • bloomer
  • late bloomer

Etymology 3

From Middle English blome, from Old English blōma (flower; lump of metal), from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Cognate with West Frisian blom, Dutch bloem, German Blume, Icelandic blóm, Danish blomme, Gothic ???????????????????? (blōma). Related to blow, blade, blead; also related to flower, foil, and belladonna.


bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Related terms
  • bloomery
  • blooming

Chinook Jargon


Borrowed from English broom.



  1. broom

Derived terms

  • mamook bloom



Borrowed from English bloom.


bloom m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. (metallurgy) bloom




  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbluː.mɪŋ/; sense 3 also IPA(key): /ˈblʊ.mɪŋ/



  1. present participle of bloom


blooming (comparative more blooming, superlative most blooming)

  1. Opening in blossoms; flowering.
  2. Thriving in health, beauty, and vigor, vigour; indicating the freshness and beauties of youth or health.
  3. (Britain, dated) bloody; bleeding; extremely.


  • (opening in blossoms): blossoming, flowering, in bloom, in blossom, in flower
  • (thriving in health, beauty and vigor/vigour): blossoming, flourishing, thriving
  • (euphemism for “bloody”): bally (British), blasted, blinking, bloomin’



blooming (comparative more blooming, superlative most blooming)

  1. (Britain, euphemistic, often followed by well) Bloody; bleeding; extremely.


blooming (countable and uncountable, plural bloomings)

  1. The act by which something blooms.
  2. (metallurgy) The process of making blooms from the ore or from cast iron.
  3. (photography) A phenomenon where excessive light causes bright patches in a picture.

Related terms

  • antiblooming
  • bloomery – forge


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