bloom vs blush what difference

what is difference between bloom and blush

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bluːm/
  • Homophone: Bloom
  • Rhymes: -uːm

Etymology 1

From Middle English blome, from Old Norse blóm, from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Doublet of bloom (“spongy mass of metal”); see there for more.

Noun

bloom (countable and uncountable, plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
    • 1843, William H. Prescott, The History of the Conquest of Mexico
      the rich blooms and enamelled vegetation of the tropics
  2. (collective) Flowers.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
  4. (figuratively) A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    • every successive mother had transmitted to her child a fainter bloom, a more delicate and briefer beauty.
  5. Rosy colour; the flush or glow on a person’s cheek.
  6. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
    • 2010, Donna Pliner Rodnitzky, Low-Carb Smoothies
      The bloom on blueberries is the dusty powder that protects them from the Sun; it does not rinse off.
  7. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
  8. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  9. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  10. (mineralogy) A bright-hued variety of some minerals.
  11. (cooking) A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
  12. (television) An undesirable halo effect that may occur when a very bright region is displayed next to a very dark region of the screen.
Synonyms
  • (flower of a plant): blossom, flower
  • (opening of flowers): blossom, flower
  • (anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness): flush, glow
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English bloom (a blossom).

Verb

bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
    • 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
      Charitable affection bloomed them.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish; to be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigour; to show beauty and freshness.
    • a. 1788, John Logan, A Tale
      A better country blooms to view, / Beneath a brighter sky.
  5. (cooking) To bring out the flavor of a spice by cooking it in oil.
Synonyms
  • (produce blooms): blossom, flower
  • (flourish): blossom, flourish, thrive
Derived terms
  • bloomer
  • late bloomer
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English blome, from Old English blōma (flower; lump of metal), from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Cognate with West Frisian blom, Dutch bloem, German Blume, Icelandic blóm, Danish blomme, Gothic ???????????????????? (blōma). Related to blow, blade, blead; also related to flower, foil, and belladonna.

Noun

bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Related terms
  • bloomery
  • blooming
Translations

Chinook Jargon

Etymology

Borrowed from English broom.

Noun

bloom

  1. broom

Derived terms

  • mamook bloom

Manx

Etymology

Borrowed from English bloom.

Noun

bloom m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. (metallurgy) bloom

Mutation


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /blʌʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English blusshen, bluschen, blusschen, blisshen, from Old English blysċan (to be red; shine), perhaps from Proto-Germanic *blaskijaną, from *blasǭ (burning candle; torch) or alternatively from Proto-Germanic *bluskijaną, from *blusjǭ (torch). Cognate with Middle Low German blöschen (to blush). Compare also Old English blysian (to burn; blaze), Dutch blozen (to blush), Danish blusse (to blush), Old Norse blys (torch), Danish blus (blaze).

Noun

blush (countable and uncountable, plural blushes)

  1. An act of blushing; a red glow on the face caused by shame, modesty, etc.
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3, Act III, Scene 3,[2]
      Why, Warwick, canst thou speak against thy liege,
      Whom thou obeyed’st thirty and six years,
      And not bewray thy treason with a blush?
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, Book 9, Chapter 7,[3]
      [] when he perceived her industriously avoiding any explanation, he was contented to remain in ignorance, the rather as he was not without suspicion that there were some circumstances which must have raised her blushes, had she related the whole truth.
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Volume III, Chapter I,[4]
      Their eyes instantly met, and the cheeks of each were overspread with the deepest blush.
    • 1925, Virginia Woolf, Mrs Dalloway,[5]
      It was a sudden revelation, a tinge like a blush which one tried to check and then, as it spread, one yielded to its expansion []
  2. A glow; a flush of colour, especially pink or red.
    • 1809, Washington Irving, Knickerbocker’s History of New York, Chapter 4,[6]
      And now the rosy blush of morn began to mantle in the east, and soon the rising sun, emerging from amidst golden and purple clouds, shed his blithesome rays on the tin weathercocks of Communipaw.
    • 1968, “Light on Light,” Time, 10 August, 1968,[7]
      Each painting consists of a white aluminum disk, sprayed at the edges with a subtle blush of blue, pink or grey.
  3. (figuratively) Feeling or appearance of optimism.
    • 1974, “April’s Fading Carnation,” Time, 9 September, 1974,[8]Superscript text
      The independence ceremony could not keep the blush of April’s revolution, when carnations had seemed to sprout from every buttonhole, from fading.
    • 2016, David McKay, “AngloGold to fire up dividend in 2017 as net debt cut a third,” miningmx.com, 15 August, 2016,[9]
      The weakening of local currencies – in Argentina, Australia and Brazil – gave a blush to the financial numbers. (As a whole, all-in sustaining costs (AISC) improved to an average of $911/oz compared with the $924/oz recorded in the first half of 2015).
  4. (uncountable, countable) A sort of makeup, frequently a powder, used to redden the cheeks.
    Synonyms: blusher, rouge
    • 2016, Sana Passricha, “Keep or Toss: The Shelflife of Your Beauty Treasures,” iDIVA, 22 July, 2016,[10]
      The same rules that apply to face powder apply to powder blush, since neither contains water. Cream blush, however, should be replaced after a year. To prolong the life of any blush, clean your blush brush regularly and store the product in a dry place.
  5. A color between pink and cream.
    • 2006, Kate Betts, “What to Watch For in 2006,” Time, 9 January, 2006,[11]
      Makeup colors like ivory and blush dominate spring collections and have even infiltrated Burberry’s shoes.
  6. (chiefly US) A pale pink wine made by removing the dark grape skins at the required point during fermentation.
    Synonyms: blush wine, rosé
    • 2016, Mishkah Abrahams, “Blush or Rosé? The Cape’s Best Summer Drink,” capetownetc.com, 29 September, 2016,[12]
      If you’re looking to indulge in some good food while you sip your blush, pair the Chardonnay-Pinot Noir with fresh, summer foods such as sushi, refreshing salads, delicious seafood and fruity summertime desserts.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

blush (third-person singular simple present blushes, present participle blushing, simple past and past participle blushed)

  1. (intransitive) To become red in the face (and sometimes experience an associated feeling of warmth), especially due to shyness, shame, excitement, or embarrassment.
    Synonym: go red
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Jeremiah 6.15,[13]
      [] they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush:
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 7, lines 1147-1148,[14]
      To the Nuptial Bowre
      I led her blushing like the Morn:
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, London: for the author, Volume 4, Letter 41, p. 233,[15]
      I wonder whether they [women] ever blush at those things by themselves, at which they have so charming a knack of blushing in company.—If not; and if blushing be a sign of grace or modesty, have not the sex as great a command over their blushes, as they are said to have over their tears?
    • 1880, Henry James, Washington Square, Chapter 14,[16]
      Mrs. Montgomery brushed away her tears, and blushed at having shed them.
    • 1912, Stratemeyer Syndicate, Baseball Joe on the School Nine Chapter 1
      But Tommy was bashful, and the attention he had thus drawn upon himself made him blush. He was a timid lad and he shrank away now, evidently fearing Shell.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) To be ashamed or embarrassed (to do something).
    • 1713, Joseph Addison, Cato, London: J. Tonson, Act IV, Scene 1, p. 53,[17]
      While Cato lives, Caesar will blush to see
      Mankind enslaved, and be ashamed of Empire.
    • 1849, Henry Bibb, Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, New York: for the author, Chapter 6, p. 50,[18]
      He never blushed to rob a slave mother of her children, no matter how young or small.
    • 1908, Jack London, The Iron Heel, Chapter 17, footnote,[19]
      [] in this enlightened age, we have much to blush for in the acts of our ancestors.
  3. (intransitive) To become red.
    • c. 1596, William Shakespeare, King John, Act V, Scene 5,[20]
      The sun of heaven, methought, was loth to set,
      But stayed, and made the western welkin blush,
  4. (transitive) To suffuse with a blush; to redden; to make rosy.
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act III, Scene 2,[21]
      [the ghost] with the heart there cools and ne’er returneth
      To blush and beautify the cheek again.
  5. (transitive) To change skin color in the face (to a particular shade).
    When he saw it, he blushed a beet red.
    I wasn’t surprised, but it was embarrassing enough that I blushed a little pink.
    • 1863, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, “The Poet’s Tale: The Birds or Killingworth” in Tales of a Wayside Inn, Boston: Ticknor & Fields, p. 202,[22]
      A few lost leaves blushed crimson with their shame,
      And drowned themselves despairing in the brook,
    • 1969, Margaret Atwood, The Edible Woman, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2010, Chapter 8,[23]
      [] she [] blushed a warm and genuine-looking pink.
  6. (transitive) To express or make known by blushing.
    Looking at me with a knowing glare, she blushed her discomfort with the situation.
    • c. 1610, William Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, Act IV, Scene 4,[24]
      I’ll blush you thanks.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Phase the Fourth, Chapter 25,[25]
      The windows smiled, the door coaxed and beckoned, the creeper blushed confederacy.
    • 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, London: Faber & Faber, 1981, Chapter 5, p. 134,[26]
      “I can see you you yawning and stretching, Felix—not very polite.” Felix sprang to attention, metaphorically speaking, and blushed his apologies.
  7. (intransitive) To have a warm and delicate colour, like some roses and other flowers.
    The garden was full of blossoms that blushed in myriad shades to form a beautiful carpet of color.
    • 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, London: R. Dodsley, p. 8,[27]
      Full many a Flower is born to blush unseen,
      And waste its Sweetness on the desart Air.
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter 26,[28]
      [] lanes which last night blushed full of flowers, to-day were pathless with untrodden snow;
    • 1899, Alice Dunbar Nelson, “The Fisherman of Pass Christian” in The Goodness of St. Rocque and Other Stories,[29]
      Natalies pink bonnet blushed in the early sunshine []
  8. (intransitive, obsolete) To glance with the eye, cast a glance.
Synonyms
  • flush
  • pinken
  • redden
Derived terms
Translations

See also

  • erythrophobia (fear of blushing)

Etymology 2

Unknown; attested in the late 15th century.

Noun

blush (plural blushes)

  1. The collective noun for a group of boys.
    A blush of boys.
    • 1962, Bette Davis, The Lonely Life: An Autobiography, New York: Putnam, Chapter 3, p. 46,[30]
      I took the Red Cross senior lifesaving test, the one girl in a blush of boys taking the course.
    • 2001, Jamie O’Neill, At Swim, Two Boys, London: Simon & Schuster UK, 2002, p. 322,[31]
      He had come with his own blush of boys. All afternoon they had shimmered upon the lawns.
Usage notes

This is probably a fanciful expression and has never been in common use.

References

Anagrams

  • buhls, shlub

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English blush.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /blœʃ/

Noun

blush m (plural blushs)

  1. blush (makeup used to redden the cheeks)

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English blush.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈblɐʃ/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈblɐ.ʃɨ/, [ˈblɐ.ʃɨ]

Noun

blush m (uncountable)

  1. blush (makeup used to redden the cheeks)

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