blot vs smudge what difference

what is difference between blot and smudge

English

Etymology

From Middle English blot (blot, spot, stain, blemish). Perhaps from Old Norse *blettr (blot, stain) (only attested in documents from after Old Norse transitioned to Icelandic blettur), or from Old French bloche (clod of earth).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /blɒt/
  • Rhymes: -ɒt
  • (General American) IPA(key): /blɑt/

Noun

blot (plural blots)

  1. A blemish, spot or stain made by a coloured substance.
    • 1711, Jonathan Swift, An Excellent New Song
      I withdrew my subscription by help of a blot, / And so might discover or gain by the plot:
    • 1918, Siegfried Sassoon, “The Death-Bed” in The Old Huntsman and Other Poems, London: Heinemann, p. 95,[1]
      [] He was blind; he could not see the stars
      Glinting among the wraiths of wandering cloud;
      Queer blots of colour, purple, scarlet, green,
      Flickered and faded in his drowning eyes.
  2. (by extension) A stain on someone’s reputation or character; a disgrace.
  3. (biochemistry) A method of transferring proteins, DNA or RNA, onto a carrier.
  4. (backgammon) An exposed piece in backgammon.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

blot (third-person singular simple present blots, present participle blotting, simple past and past participle blotted)

  1. (transitive) to cause a blot (on something) by spilling a coloured substance.
  2. (intransitive) to soak up or absorb liquid.
    This paper blots easily.
  3. (transitive) To dry (writing, etc.) with blotting paper.
  4. (transitive) To spot, stain, or bespatter, as with ink.
    • 1566, George Gascoigne, Dan Bartholmew of Bath
      The briefe was writte and blotted all with gore, []
  5. (transitive) To impair; to damage; to mar; to soil.
  6. (transitive) To stain with infamy; to disgrace.
    • 1707, Nicholas Rowe, The Royal Convert
      Blot not thy Innocence with guiltleſs Blood.
  7. (transitive) To obliterate, as writing with ink; to cancel; to efface; generally with out.
    to blot out a word or a sentence
  8. (transitive) To obscure; to eclipse; to shadow.
    • 1656, Abraham Cowley, Davideis
      He ſung how Earth blots the Moons gilded Wane, []

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • Bolt, bolt

Danish

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Middle Low German blōt (bare), from Proto-Germanic *blautaz (void, emaciated, soft), cognate with German bloß (bare) and Danish blød (soft).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥lʌd̥]

Adjective

blot (plural and definite singular attributive blotte)

  1. (dated) mere, very

Adverb

blot

  1. (slightly formal) only, merely
Synonyms
  • kun, bare

Etymology 2

Borrowed Old Norse blót, from Proto-Germanic *blōtą.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥loˀd̥]

Noun

blot

  1. a sacrifice (especially a blood sacrifice by heathens)

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥lʌd̥]

Verb

blot

  1. imperative of blotte

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥loˀd̥]

Verb

blot

  1. imperative of blote

Low German

Etymology

From Middle Low German blōt (bare), from Proto-Germanic *blautaz (void, emaciated, soft), cognate with German bloß (bare) and Danish blød (soft). Spelling variant of bloot.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbloʊ̯t]

Adverb

blot

  1. only, merely
Synonyms
  • blots, man

References

  • Der neue SASS: Plattdeutsches Wörterbuch, Plattdeutsch – Hochdeutsch, Hochdeutsch – Plattdeutsch. Plattdeutsche Rechtschreibung, sixth revised edition (2011, →ISBN, Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster)

Luxembourgish

Adjective

blot

  1. neuter nominative of blo
  2. neuter accusative of blo

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *blōtą.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bloːt/

Noun

blōt n

  1. a sacrifice, especially a blood sacrifice by heathens


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /smʌdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ʌdʒ

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Chambers 1908: “Swedish smuts dirt, Danish smuds smut, German Schmutz””)

Noun

smudge (countable and uncountable, plural smudges)

  1. A blemish or smear, especially a dark or sooty one.
  2. Dense smoke, such as that used for fumigation.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Grose to this entry?)
  3. (US) A heap of damp combustibles partially ignited and burning slowly, placed on the windward side of a house, tent, etc. to keep off mosquitoes or other insects.
  4. (paganism, especially in the phrase “smudge stick” = “stick of incense”) A quantity of herbs used in suffumigation.
Synonyms
  • (blemish, smear): blur, smear, stain
Derived terms
  • smudge attack
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English smogen.

Verb

smudge (third-person singular simple present smudges, present participle smudging, simple past and past participle smudged)

  1. To obscure by blurring; to smear.
  2. To soil or smear with dirt.
  3. To use dense smoke to protect from insects.
  4. To stifle or smother with smoke.
  5. (paganism, intransitive) To burn herbs as a cleansing ritual (suffumigation).
  6. (paganism, transitive) To subject to ritual burning of herbs (suffumigation, smudging).
    • 2013, Rachel Patterson, Pagan Portals – Hoodoo: Folk Magic →ISBN:
      This is easily done using incense to smudge yourself or taking a cleansing bath. To smudge your body use an incense mixture such as sandalwood, lavender, frankincense or myrrh.
Synonyms
  • (to obscure by blurring): blur, smear
  • (to soil or smear with dirt): smutch, soil
  • (to use smoke against insects): fumigate
Translations

Related terms

  • smudgily
  • smudginess
  • smudgy

Anagrams

  • Mudges, degums, mudges

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