boatswain vs bos'n what difference

what is difference between boatswain and bos'n

English

Alternative forms

  • bosun, bo’sun, boson, bos’n, bo’s’n

Etymology

From Middle English botswain, botswein, bote-swayn, from late Old English bātsweġen, from bāt (boat) + sweġen (swain), the latter element a borrowing from Old Norse sveinn (boy); equivalent to boat +‎ swain (boy, servant).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbəʊ.sən/; (spelling pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbəʊt.sweɪn/
  • (US, Canada) IPA(key): /ˈboʊ.sən/

Noun

boatswain (plural boatswains)

  1. The officer (or warrant officer) in charge of sails, rigging, anchors, cables etc. and all work on deck of a sailing ship.
  2. The petty officer of a merchant ship who controls the work of other seamen.
  3. A kind of gull, the jaeger.
  4. The tropicbird.

Derived terms

  • boatswain-bird
  • boatswain’s chair
  • boatswain’s mate
  • boatswain’s pipe

Quotations

Translations

References



English

Noun

bos

  1. plural of bo

Anagrams

  • BSO, OBs, OSB, Obs, SOB, obs, sob

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch bos, from Middle Dutch bosch, busch, from Old Dutch *busc, from Proto-West Germanic *busk, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔs/

Noun

bos (plural bosse, diminutive bossie)

  1. wood, forest
  2. bush, shrub
  3. bunch, bundle, sheaf, bouquet

Derived terms


Aragonese

Etymology

From Latin vos. Cognate to Spanish os and French vous.

Pronoun

bos

  1. you (second-person plural direct pronoun)
  2. (to) you (second-person plural indirect pronoun)

Synonyms

  • tos

Cornish

Alternative forms

  • bones

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɔːz/

Verb

bos

  1. to be

Conjugation

Mutation


Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbos]

Adverb

bos

  1. masculine singular nominal predicative of bosý
  2. (literary) barefoot, barefooted

Declension

Synonyms

  • bosky

Derived terms

  • na boso

Related terms

  • bosý

Further reading

  • bos in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bos in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

Etymology 1

Possibly from Latin buxus (box tree).

Noun

bos m

  1. oak tree

Etymology 2

Unknown.

Noun

bos m

  1. thigh, hind quarters

Danish

Noun

bos n

  1. indefinite genitive singular of bo

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • bosch (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle Dutch bosch, busch, from Old Dutch *busc, from Proto-West Germanic *busk, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔs/
  • Hyphenation: bos
  • Rhymes: -ɔs

Noun

bos n (plural bossen, diminutive bosje n)

  1. wood, forest
    Zij ging wandelen in de bossen.

    She went walking in the woods.

Noun

bos m (plural bossen, diminutive bosje n)

  1. bouquet, cluster, bunch
    Hij bracht een bosje bloemen mee.

    He brought me a bouquet of flowers.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: bos
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bosi
  • Negerhollands: boesch, bosch
  • English: bush
    • Dutch: bush, bushbush
  • Indonesian: bos
  • Papiamentu: bòshi, bosji (from the diminutive)

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin buxus, from Ancient Greek πύξος (púxos).

Noun

bos m (plural bos)

  1. box (tree)
  2. boxwood

Galician

Adjective

bos

  1. masculine plural of bo

Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology

From Portuguese vos. Cognate with Kabuverdianu bo.

Pronoun

bos

  1. you (plural second person)

Indonesian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɔs]
  • Hyphenation: bos

Etymology 1

From Dutch bos (cluster, bunch), from Middle Dutch bosch, busch, from Old Dutch *busc, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz.

Noun

bos (first-person possessive bosku, second-person possessive bosmu, third-person possessive bosnya)

  1. cluster, bunch.

Etymology 2

From English boss, from Dutch baas, from Middle Dutch baes (master of a household, friend), from Old Dutch *baso (uncle, kinsman), from Proto-Germanic *baswô, masculine form of Proto-Germanic *baswǭ (father’s sister, aunt, cousin). Cognate with Middle Low German bās (supervisor, foreman), Old Frisian bas (master) (> Saterland Frisian Boas (boss)), Old High German basa (“father’s sister, cousin”; > German Base (aunt, cousin)).

Noun

bos (plural bos-bos, first-person possessive bosku, second-person possessive bosmu, third-person possessive bosnya)

  1. boss, leader, head.

Further reading

  • “bos” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Irish

Alternative forms

  • bas

Etymology

From Old Irish bas, bos (palm), from Proto-Celtic *bostā (palm, fist) (compare Breton boz (hollow of the hand)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷosto-, *gʷosdʰo- (branch).

Noun

bos f (genitive singular boise, nominative plural bosa)

  1. (anatomy) palm of the hand
    Synonym: dearna
  2. (hurling) the flattened, curved end of a hurley

Declension

  • Dual: dhá bhois

Mutation

References

  • “bos” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 bas”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Kristang

Etymology

From Portuguese vós (ye), from Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs (ye).

Pronoun

bos

  1. you; thou (second-person singular personal pronoun)

See also

References


Ladino

Noun

bos f (Latin spelling, plural bozes)

  1. Alternative form of boz

Latin

Etymology

Irregular, for the expected **vōs/**ūs, accusative **vom, oblique stem **vov-, from Proto-Italic *gʷōs, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws, which also gave Ancient Greek βοῦς (boûs), Sanskrit गो (go) (nominative singular gaúḥ), and English cow.

Most likely a borrowing from Sabellic (OscanUmbrian), attested as Umbrian bum (acc.sg.), bue (abl.sg.), buo (gen.pl.), buf (acc.pl.) all spelling /bō-/. This was likely motivated by the fact that the expected form would have produced an undesirable homonymic clash: with vōs (you) in the nominative and with ovis (sheep) in the oblique. It’s unclear whether the borrowing included the entire paradigm, or just the initial consonant.

Alternative forms

  • bovis, bus (rare)

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /boːs/, [boːs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /bos/, [bɔs]

Noun

bōs m or f (irregular, genitive bovis); third declension

  1. a cow, bull, or ox
  2. (in the plural) cattle (bovine animals)

Declension

Third-declension noun (irregular).

  • The medial /v/ is often found spelled B, normally not spelled in the form boum, and is sometimes lost in the forms bo(v)e and bo(v)ēs.
  • The dative/ablative plural forms are normally found as bōbus, more rarely as būbus, and very rarely as bovibus.
  • The genitive plural is twice boverum.
  • The ablative singular is once the archaizing bovīd in an inscription.

Synonyms

  • cornigera pl
  • iumentum (when used to pull carts); armentum (when used to pull plows)

Hypernyms

  • iumenta (when used to pull carts); armenta (when used to pull plows)

Hyponyms

  • taurus m
  • vacca f

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • “bōs” in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “bōs”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 74

Further reading

  • bos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • “On Latin bōs”, in laohutiger.wordpress.com[1], 2012-01-02, retrieved 2021-06-16

Norwegian Nynorsk

Alternative forms

  • boss

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːs/

Noun

bos n (definite singular boset, uncountable)

  1. garbage, rubbish, waste
  2. straw for or from a strawbed

Further reading

  • “bos” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Frisian

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *bansaz (stall), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to bind). Cognates include Old English *bōs, Old Saxon *bōs and Old Norse báss.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈboːs/

Noun

bōs m

  1. stall, byre

Descendants

  • Saterland Frisian: Buus
  • West Frisian: bús

References

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Sardinian

Alternative forms

  • vos

Etymology

From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs, from the oblique case forms of Proto-Indo-European *yū́ (you).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔs/

Pronoun

bos (possessive bostru)

  1. you (plural), ye
    Synonym: bois, bosateros

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bosъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bôːs/

Adjective

bȏs (definite bȏsī, Cyrillic spelling бо̑с)

  1. barefoot

Declension


Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bosъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bóːs/, /bɔ́s/

Adjective

bȍs or bòs (not comparable)

  1. barefoot

Inflection

Further reading

  • bos”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish

Noun

bos

  1. indefinite genitive singular of bo

Verb

bos

  1. infinitive passive of bo.
  2. present tense passive of bo.

Synonyms

  • bebos

Anagrams

  • obs

Tok Pisin

Etymology

English boss

Noun

bos

  1. boss; overseer; master

Synonyms

  • masta

Related terms

  • bosim

Volapük

Pronoun

bos

  1. something

Declension


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