bob vs dock what difference

what is difference between bob and dock

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: bŏb, IPA(key): /bɒb/
  • Rhymes: -ɒb
  • (US) enPR: bäb, IPA(key): /bɑb/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːb

Etymology 1

From Middle English bobben (to strike, beat, shake, jog), of uncertain origin. Compare Scots bob (to mark, butt dance with a bobbing motion), Icelandic boppa (to wave up and down), Swedish bobba (to bob), Dutch dobberen (“bobbing”).

Verb

bob (third-person singular simple present bobs, present participle bobbing, simple past and past participle bobbed)

  1. (intransitive) To move gently and vertically, in either a single motion or repeatedly up and down, at or near the surface of a body of water, or similar medium.
    The cork bobbed gently in the calm water.
    The ball, which we had thought lost, suddenly bobbed up out of the water.
    The flowers were bobbing in the wind.
  2. (transitive) To move (something) as though it were bobbing in water.
    I bobbed my head under water and saw the goldfish.
    bob one’s head (= to nod)
  3. To curtsy.
  4. To strike with a quick, light blow; to tap.
    • 1533, Thomas Elyot, The Book of the Governor
      He was suddenly bobbed on the face by the servants.
Derived terms
  • bobber
  • bob for apples
  • bob up
Translations

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. A bobbing motion; a quick up and down movement.
    a bob of the head
  2. A curtsy.
  3. A bobber (buoyant fishing device).
    • 1613, John Dennys, The Secrets of Angling
      Or yellow bobs turn’d up before the plough / Are chiefest baits, with cork and lead enough.
  4. Any of various hesperiid butterflies.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English bobbe (a cluster (of fruit); a twig with its leaves, a spray).

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. A bob haircut.
  2. Any round object attached loosely to a flexible line, a rod, a body part etc., so that it may swing when hanging from it
    • 1773, Oliver Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer
      Ecod! I have got them. Here they are. My cousin Con’s necklaces, bobs and all.
  3. The dangling mass of a pendulum or plumb line.
  4. The docked tail of a horse.
  5. A short line ending a stanza of a poem.
  6. The short runner of a sled.
  7. A bobsleigh.
  8. A small wheel, made of leather, with rounded edges, used in polishing spoons, etc.
  9. A working beam in a steam engine.
  10. A particular style of ringing changes on bells.
  11. A blow; a shake or jog; a rap, as with the fist.
  12. (obsolete) A knot or short curl of hair; also, a bob wig.
    • 1737, William Shenstone, The Extent of Cookery
      A plain brown bob he wore.
  13. (obsolete) The refrain of a song.
  14. (obsolete) A jeer; a sharp jest or taunt.
Derived terms
  • bits and bobs
Translations

Verb

bob (third-person singular simple present bobs, present participle bobbing, simple past and past participle bobbed)

  1. (transitive) To cut (hair) into a bob haircut.
    I got my hair bobbed. How do you like it?
  2. (transitive) To shorten by cutting; to dock; to crop
  3. To bobsleigh.
Translations

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

bob (plural bob)

  1. (Kenya, slang; Britain and Australia, historical, dated) A shilling.
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, xxix
      ‘’Ere y’are, the best rig-out you ever ’ad. A tosheroon [half a crown] for the coat, two ’ogs for the trousers, one and a tanner for the boots, and a ’og for the cap and scarf. That’s seven bob.’
    • 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, Jeeves in the Offing, chapter XVII
      [] there was a sound of barking and a great hefty dog of the Hound of the Baskervilles type came galloping at me, obviously intent on mayhem, [… and] I was just commending my soul to God and thinking that this was where my new flannel trousers got about thirty bobs’ worth of value bitten out of them []
  2. (Australia, dated slang) A 10-cent coin.
  3. (slang) An unspecified amount of money.
    • Spot me a few bob, Robert.
Usage notes
  • The use of bob for shilling is dated slang in the UK and Australia, since decimalisation. In East African countries where the currency is the shilling, it is current usage, and not considered slang. OED gives first usage as 1789.
  • The use of bob to describe a 10-cent coin is derived from the fact that it was of equal worth to a shilling during decimalisation, however since then, the term has slowly dropped out of usage and is seldom used today.
Derived terms
  • bob-a-job
  • bent as a nine-bob note
  • two bob
  • two-bob bit

Etymology 4

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. Abbreviation of shishkabob.

Etymology 5

blitter object

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. (computer graphics, demoscene) A graphical element, resembling a hardware sprite, that can be blitted around the screen in large numbers.
    • 1995, “John Girvin”, Blitting bobs (on Internet newsgroup comp.sys.amiga.programmer)
      IMHO, youd [sic] be better doing other things with the CPU and letting the blitter draw bobs, esp on a machine with fast ram.
    • 2002, “demoeffects”, Demotized 0.0.1 – A collection of demo effects from the early days of the demo scene. (on Internet newsgroup fm.announce)
      Changes: This release adds 2 new effects (bobs and unlimited bobs), has a GFX directory for sharing graphics, adds utility functions to the common code…
Derived terms
  • shadebob

Anagrams

  • obb

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔp/
  • Hyphenation: bob
  • Rhymes: -ɔp
  • Homophone: Bob

Etymology 1

From bewust onbeschonken bestuurder (deliberately unintoxicated driver).

Noun

bob m (plural bobs, diminutive bobje n)

  1. designated driver

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bob.

Noun

bob f or m (plural bobs)

  1. (winter sports) bob, bobsleigh
    Synonym: bobslee

French

Etymology

From the English personal name Bob, used to designate light infantrymen, and probably introduced into French during the First World War.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔb/

Noun

bob m (plural bobs)

  1. bucket hat, fishing hat

Further reading

  • “bob” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Hungarian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbob]
  • Hyphenation: bob
  • Rhymes: -ob

Noun

bob (plural bobok)

  1. bobsleigh
  2. a type of sled (a flat-bottomed concave plastic sled with no runners, equipped with brakes)
  3. a car used on the track of an alpine slide or bobsled rollercoaster (mountain coaster)

Declension

Synonyms

  • szánkó

Derived terms

  • bobos

Irish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun 1

bob m (genitive singular bob, nominative plural bobanna)

  1. (hair) bob
    1. fringe (of hair over forehead)
    2. bob(tail)
      Synonym: bob eireabaill
Derived terms

Noun 2

bob m (genitive singular bob, nominative plural bobanna)

  1. stump, target (in games)
Derived terms
  • bob a bhualadh ar dhuine (to play a trick on someone)

Declension

Mutation

References

  • “bob” in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “bob” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “bob” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian

Noun

bob m (invariable)

  1. bobsleigh / bobsled

Related terms

  • bobbista

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bobъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-. Cognate with Upper Sorbian bob, Polish bób, Czech bob, Russian боб (bob), Serbo-Croatian bȍb.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔp/

Noun

bob m

  1. (uncountable) bean plant
  2. beanfield

Declension

Derived terms

  • bobowka f (an individual bean seed)

See also

  • tšuka f (bean pod)

Further reading

  • Arnošt Muka (1921, 1928), “bob”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German, Russian), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted (in German)Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • bob in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Portuguese

Alternative forms

  • bobe
  • bóbi

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈbɔ.bi/

Noun

bob m (plural bobes)

  1. curler (small cylindrical tube)
  2. hair roller, hair curler

Romanian

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian bȍb.

Noun

bob n (plural boabe)

  1. A type of bean, field bean, horse bean, broad bean
  2. a grain
  3. Any seed, pit, stone, berry.
Declension
Related terms
  • boabă

See also

  • sămânță
  • grăunte

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bobsleigh.

Noun

bob n (plural boburi)

  1. bobsleigh
Declension

See also

  • sanie

Scots

Etymology 1

From Middle English bobbe (cluster of fruit; spray of leaves).

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. a bunch, a cluster (of things)
  2. (obsolete) a nosegay, bunch of flowers
  3. a knot; a bunch of ribbon
  4. a patch of rich grass

Verb

bob (third-person singular present bobs, present participle bobbin, past bobbit, past participle bobbit)

  1. (of grass) to grow richly in patches

Etymology 2

Uncertain. Possibly onomatopoeic expressing quick movement, but compare English bob, above.

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. a dance

Verb

bob (third-person singular present bobs, present participle bobbin, past bobbit, past participle bobbit)

  1. to dance with up-and-down movement
    Synonym: bab

Etymology 3

Unknown. Possibly from Middle English bobben (to strike) or Old French bober, baubir (to mock, deride).

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. a target, a mark to aim at
  2. a taunt

References


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *bobъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bôb/

Noun

bȍb m (Cyrillic spelling бо̏б)

  1. broad bean
  2. horse bean
Declension

Etymology 2

From English bob.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bôb/

Noun

bȍb m (Cyrillic spelling бо̏б)

  1. bobsled
Declension

Sicilian

Noun

bob m

  1. bobsleigh / bobsled

Spanish

Noun

bob m (plural bobs)

  1. bob, bob haircut (hairstyle)

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːb/

Adjective

bob

  1. Soft mutation of pob.

Mutation


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɒk/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dɑk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒk
  • Homophones: Doc, doc

Etymology 1

From Middle English dokke, from Old English docce, from Proto-Germanic *dukk- (compare Old Danish dokke (water-dock), West Flemish dokke, dokkebladeren (coltsfoot, butterbur)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰew- (dark) (compare Latvian duga (scum, slime on water)).

Noun

dock (countable and uncountable, plural docks)

  1. Any of the genus Rumex of coarse weedy plants with small green flowers related to buckwheat, especially bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius), and used as potherbs and in folk medicine, especially in curing nettle rash.
  2. A burdock plant, or the leaves of that plant.
Translations

References

Etymology 2

From Middle English dok (trimmed hair, dock), from Old English *docce, *docca (as in fingirdoccana (finger muscles, genitive plural)), from Proto-West Germanic *dokkā, from Proto-Germanic *dukkǭ (compare West Frisian dok (bunch, ball (twine)), Low German Dokke (bundle of straw), Icelandic dokkur (stumpy tail)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeu-k- (to spin, shake) (compare Lithuanian dvė̃kti (to breathe, wheeze), dvãkas (breath), Albanian dak (big ram), Sanskrit धुक्षति (dhukṣati, to blow)).

Noun

dock (plural docks)

  1. The fleshy root of an animal’s tail.
  2. The part of the tail which remains after the tail has been docked.
    • 1681, Nehemiah Grew, Musaeum Regalis Societatis, or, A catalogue & description of the natural and artificial rarities belonging to the Royal Society and preserved at Gresham Colledge
      The Dock is about 1 inch thick, and two inches broad, like an Apothecaries Spatule. Of what length the whole, is uncertain, this being only part of it, though it looks as if cut off near the Buttock
  3. (obsolete) The buttocks or anus.
    • 1665, Charles Cotton, Scarronnides:
      And on a Cuſhion ſtuffed with Flocks, / She clapt her dainty pair of Docks.
  4. A leather case to cover the clipped or cut tail of a horse.
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English dokken (to cut short, dock, curtail), from the noun (see above).

Verb

dock (third-person singular simple present docks, present participle docking, simple past and past participle docked)

  1. (transitive) To cut off a section of an animal’s tail, to practise a caudectomy.
  2. (transitive) To reduce (wages); to deduct from.
  3. (transitive) To cut off, bar, or destroy.
Translations

References

Etymology 4

From early modern English “area of mud in which a ship can rest at low tide, dock”, borrowed from Dutch dok (dock) or Middle Low German docke (dock, ship’s dock), both from Middle Dutch docke (port, harbour, roadstead), of uncertain origin. The original sense may have been “the furrow a grounded vessel makes in a mud bank” . Compare modern Dutch dok, modern German Low German Dock, West Frisian dok, German Dock, Danish dok, Swedish docka.

Some sources link this word to an unattested Middle Dutch *docke (watercourse, trench, canal), which is a ghost word, only being inferred from Mediaeval Latin documents in the form of ducta, doctus, doccia (conduit, canal). However, if this theory is correct, then it would relate the word to Italian doccia (drainpipe), making dock a doublet of douche and duct.

An alternative theory ties Middle Dutch docke to a Scandinavian source, notably Old Norse dǫkk (depression in the landscape, pit, pool, trench), related to Norwegian dokk (hollow, low ground), Old Icelandic dökk, dökð (pit, pool), Swedish dank (marshy ground). If so, this would make dock a doublet of dank.

Noun

dock (plural docks)

  1. (nautical) A fixed structure attached to shore to which a vessel is secured when in port.
  2. A structure attached to shore for loading and unloading vessels.
  3. The body of water between two piers.
  4. The place of arrival and departure of a train in a railway station.
  5. A section of a hotel or restaurant.
  6. (electronics) A device designed as a base for holding a connected portable appliance such as a laptop computer (in this case, referred to as a docking station), or a mobile telephone, for providing the necessary electrical charge for its autonomy, or as a hardware extension for additional capabilities.
  7. (computing, graphical user interface) A toolbar that provides the user with a way of launching applications, and switching between running applications.
  8. An act of docking; joining two things together.
  9. (theater) Short for scene-dock.
Synonyms
  • (body of water between piers): slip
  • (structure for loading and unloading vessels): wharf, quay
Hypernyms
  • (structure at shore to which vessel is secured): mooring, moorage
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

dock (third-person singular simple present docks, present participle docking, simple past and past participle docked)

  1. (intransitive) To land at a harbour.
    • 29 February 2012, Aidan Foster-Carter, BBC News North Korea: The denuclearisation dance resumes[2]
      On 28 February, for example, a US Navy ship docked in Nampo, the port for Pyongyang, with equipment for joint searches for remains of US soldiers missing from the 1950-1953 Korean War. China may look askance at the US and North Korean militaries working together like this.
  2. To join two moving items.
    to dock spacecraft
  3. (intransitive, sex) To engage in the sexual practice of docking (where the tip of one participant’s penis is inserted into the foreskin of the other participant).
  4. (transitive, computing) To drag a user interface element (such as a toolbar) to a position on screen where it snaps into place.
  5. (transitive) To place (an electronic device) in its dock.
Translations

References

Etymology 5

Originally criminal slang; from or akin to Dutch (Flemish) dok (cage, hutch).

Noun

dock (plural docks)

  1. Part of a courtroom where the accused sits.
Related terms
  • in the dock
Translations

Etymology 6

Verb

dock (third-person singular simple present docks, present participle docking, simple past and past participle docked)

  1. (cooking) To pierce with holes, as pricking pastry or dough with a fork to prevent excessive rising in the oven.
    • 11 July 2008, Emma Christensen, The Kitchn: How and When to Dock a Pie Crust
      Pricking holes in the rolled-out pie dough allows the steam to escape while it’s baking. Without this, the steam would puff up in bubbles and pockets throughout the crust, which would make some parts of the crust cook too quickly and also result in an uneven surface for your filling. Docking is simple. Just roll out your pie dough and lift it into the pan. After pressing it in and shaping the edge, prick it all over with a fork.

References

  • “dock”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish doch, dogh, dog, thoch, thok, tog, from Middle Low German doch, from Old Saxon thōh‚ from Proto-Germanic *þauh. Replaced native Old Swedish þo, from Old Norse þó.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɔkː/

Adverb

dock

  1. though, however, still, nevertheless

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