boggle vs flabbergast what difference

what is difference between boggle and flabbergast

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbɒɡ.əl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbɑ.ɡəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɒɡəl

Etymology 1

Variation or derivation of bogle, possibly cognate with bug.

Verb

boggle (third-person singular simple present boggles, present participle boggling, simple past and past participle boggled)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) Either literally or figuratively to stop or hesitate as if suddenly seeing a bogle.
    • Do by thy soul, when thou findest it shy of such meditations, as wee do by our horses, that are given to boggle and start when wee ride them; When they fly back, and start at anything in the way, we do not yield to their fear, and go back (that will make them worse another time) but wee ride them up close to that they are afraid of, and so in time break them of that ill quality.
  2. (intransitive) To be bewildered, dumbfounded, or confused.
    • 1661, Joseph Glanvill, The Vanity of Dogmatizing, London: Henry Eversden, Chapter 14, p. 131,[2]
      [] we start and boggle at what is unusual: and like the Fox in the fable at his first view of the Lyon, we cannot endure the sight of the Bug-bear, Novelty.
    • 1685, Isaac Barrow, Of Contentment, Patience and Resignation to the Will of God. Several Sermons, London: Brabazon Aylmer, Sermon 4, pp. 127-128,[3]
      They are best qualified to thrive in [this world] [] whose designs all tend to their own private advantage, without any regard to the publick, or to the good of others; who can use any means conducible to such designs, bogling at nothing which serveth their purpose []
    • 1795, Mary Wollstonecraft, letter to Gilbert Imlay dated 4 October, 1795, in Mary Wollstonecraft: Letters to Imlay, London: Kegan Paul, 1879, p. 182,[4]
      From the tenour of your last letter however, I am led to imagine, that you have formed some new attachment.—If it be so, let me earnestly request you to see me once more, and immediately. This is the only proof I require of the friendship you profess for me. I will then decide, since you boggle about a mere form.
    • 1969, Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, New York: Bantam, 1971, Chapter 15, p. 82,[5]
      My imagination boggled at the punishment I would deserve []
  3. (transitive) To confuse or mystify; overwhelm.
  4. (US, dialect) To embarrass with difficulties; to palter or equivocate; to bungle or botch.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To dissemble; to play fast and loose (with someone or something).
    • 1643, James Howell, The True Informer, London, p. 32,[6]
      I would be loth to exchange consciences with them, and boggle so with God Almighty; but these men by a new kind of Metaphysick have found out a way to abstract the Person of the King from his Office to make his Soveraigntie a kinde of Platonick Idea hovering in the aire, while they visibly attempt to assail and destroy his person []
  6. (intransitive, of a rat) To wiggle the eyes as a result of bruxing.
Derived terms
  • boggler
  • mindboggling
References
Translations

Noun

boggle (plural boggles)

  1. (dated) A scruple or objection.
  2. (dated) A bungle; a botched situation.

Etymology 2

Noun

boggle (plural boggles)

  1. Alternative form of bogle


English

Etymology

The origin of the verb is uncertain; possibly dialectal (Suffolk), from flabby or flap (to strike) + aghast. The word may be related to Scottish flabrigast (to boast) or flabrigastit (worn out with exertion).

The noun is derived from the verb.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈflæbə(ˌ)ɡɑːst/
  • (General American) enPR: flăb′ər-găst’, IPA(key): /ˈflæbɚˌɡæst/
  • Hyphenation: flab‧ber‧gast

Verb

flabbergast (third-person singular simple present flabbergasts, present participle flabbergasting, simple past flabbergasted, past participle flabbergasted or flabbergast)

  1. (transitive) To overwhelm with bewilderment; to amaze, confound, or stun, especially in a ludicrous manner. [from late 18th c.]
    Synonyms: flabbergaster; see also Thesaurus:surprise

Alternative forms

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

flabbergast (countable and uncountable, plural flabbergasts)

  1. (countable) An awkward person.
    Synonyms: dork, dweeb, geek; see also Thesaurus:dork
  2. (uncountable) Overwhelming confusion, shock, or surprise.
    Synonyms: astonishment, astoundedness, awe, dumbfoundedness, flabbergaster, flabbergastation, flabbergastment, stupefaction; see also Thesaurus:confusion, Thesaurus:surprise

Alternative forms

Translations

References

Further reading

  • John Ogilvie and Charles Annandale, editors (1883) The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, new edition, London: Blackie and Son; New York, N.Y.: The Century Company, OCLC 1013401246, page 285.
  • “FLABBERGAST, v.” in Joseph Wright, editor, The English Dialect Dictionary: [], volume II (D–G), London: Published by Henry Frowde, [], publisher to the English Dialect Society, []; New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1900, →OCLC, page 376, column 1.
  • Chrysti the Wordsmith [pseudonym; Chrysti M. Smith] (2006) Verbivore’s Feast: Second Course: More Word & Phrase Origins, Helena, Mont.: Farcountry Press, →ISBN, page 126.

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