boodle vs scratch what difference

what is difference between boodle and scratch

English

Etymology

From Dutch boedel. Doublet of bottle.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbuːdəl/
  • Rhymes: -uːdəl

Noun

boodle (countable and uncountable, plural boodles)

  1. Money, especially when acquired or spent illegally or improperly; swag.
    • around 1900, O. Henry, According to Their Lights
      He was your ‘man higher up’ when you were on the force. His share of the boodle passed through your hands. You must go on the stand and testify against him.
  2. (US, dialect) The whole collection or lot; caboodle.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bartlett to this entry?)

Synonyms

  • (money): See Thesaurus:money
  • (illegally acquired money): dirty money, black money See Thesaurus:booty
  • (whole collection):

Translations

Anagrams

  • bloode, boledo, boloed


English

Etymology

From Middle English scracchen, of uncertain origin. Probably a blend of Middle English scratten (to scratch) and cracchen (to scratch). More at scrat and cratch.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: skrăch, IPA(key): /skɹætʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ætʃ

Verb

scratch (third-person singular simple present scratches, present participle scratching, simple past and past participle scratched)

  1. To rub a surface with a sharp object, especially by a living creature to remove itching with nails, claws, etc.
  2. To rub the skin with rough material causing a sensation of irritation; to cause itching.
    1. For a man, when kissing someone, to irritate the skin of that person with one’s unshaven beard.
  3. To mark a surface with a sharp object, thereby leaving a scratch (noun).
  4. To cross out, strike out, strike through some text on a page.
    1. Hence, to remove, ignore or delete.
  5. (music) To produce a distinctive sound on a turntable by moving a vinyl record back and forth while manipulating the crossfader (see also scratching).
  6. (billiards) To commit a foul in pool, as where the cue ball is put into a pocket or jumps off the table.
  7. (billiards, dated, US) To score, not by skillful play but by some fortunate chance of the game.
  8. To write or draw hastily or awkwardly; scrawl.
  9. (transitive, intransitive) To dig or excavate with the claws.
  10. To dig or scrape (a person’s skin) with claws or fingernails in self-defense or with the intention to injure.
  11. (swimming, athletics) To announce one’s non-participation in a race or sports event part of a larger sports meeting that they were previously signed up for, usually in lieu of another event at the same meeting.

Synonyms

  • scrattle

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

scratch (countable and uncountable, plural scratches)

  1. A disruption, mark or shallow cut on a surface made by scratching.
    • 1677-1684, Joseph Moxon, Mechanick Exercises
      The coarse file [] makes deep scratches in the work.
    • 1709, Matthew Prior, Henry and Emma, line 503
      These nails with scratches deform my breast.
  2. An act of scratching the skin to alleviate an itch or irritation.
  3. (sports)
    1. A starting line (originally and simply, a line scratched in the ground), as in boxing.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Grose to this entry?)
    2. A technical error of touching or surpassing the starting mark prior to the official start signal in the sporting events of long jump, discus, hammer throw, shot put, and similar. Originally the starting mark was a scratch on the ground but is now a board or precisely indicated mark.
    3. (cycling) The last riders to depart in a handicap race.
    4. (billiards) An aberration.
      1. A foul in pool, as where the cue ball is put into a pocket or jumps off the table.
      2. (archaic, US, slang) A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by the player; a fluke.
    5. (horse racing) A horse withdrawn from a race prior to the start.
  4. (slang) Money.
    • 2006, Clive James, North Face of Soho, Picador 2007, p. 153:
      He and Bruce cooked up a script together, and Bruce flew home to raise the scratch.
  5. A feed, usually a mixture of a few common grains, given to chickens.
  6. (in the plural) Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy.
    • 1887, James Law, The Farmer’s Veterinary Adviser
      These are exemplified in the scurfy, scaly affections which appear in the bend of the knee (mallenders) and hock (sallenders) and on the lower parts of the limbs, by scratches, and by a scaly exfoliation [].
  7. (now historical) A scratch wig.
    • 1775, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin 2001, 26 March:
      [H]e turned to him with a dejected Face, and said ‘ – pray Sir, – could you touch up This a little?’ taking hold of his frightful scratch.
  8. (music) A genre of Virgin Islander music, better known as fungi.

Synonyms

  • (Virgin Islander music): fungi, quelbe

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

scratch (not comparable)

  1. For or consisting of preliminary or tentative, incomplete, etc. work.
  2. Hastily assembled, arranged or constructed, from whatever materials are to hand, with little or no preparation
    • 1988, James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, Oxford 2004, p. 740:
      Bluecoats began crossing the James on June 14 and next day two corps approached Petersburg, which was held by Beauregard with a scratch force of 2,500.
  3. (computing, from scratchpad) Relating to a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary use.
  4. (sports) (of a player) Of a standard high enough to play without a handicap, i.e. to compete without the benefit of a variation in scoring based on ability.

Derived terms

  • scratch sheet

References

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “scratch”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • The Jargon File – Scratch

French

Etymology

From English scratch.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /skʁatʃ/

Noun

scratch m (plural scratchs)

  1. Velcro

Synonyms

  • velcro

Italian

Etymology

From English scratch.

Noun

scratch m (invariable)

  1. (music) scratch

Spanish

Etymology

From English scratch.

Noun

scratch m (plural scratchs)

  1. (music) scratch

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