book vs ledger what difference

what is difference between book and ledger

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: bo͝ok, IPA(key): /bʊk/
  • enPR: bo͞ok IPA(key): /buːk/ (still sometimes northern England; otherwise obsolete)
  • plural
  • Rhymes: -ʊk
  • Homophone: buck (accents without the foot–⁠strut split)

Etymology 1

From Middle English booke, book, bok, from Old English bōc, from Proto-West Germanic *bōk, from Proto-Germanic *bōks. Eclipsed non-native Middle English livret, lyveret (book, booklet) from Old French livret (book, booklet). Bookmaker sense by clipping.

Alternative forms

  • booke (archaic)

Noun

book (plural books)

  1. A collection of sheets of paper bound together to hinge at one edge, containing printed or written material, pictures, etc.
    • 1962, James East Irby translating Luis Borges as “The Library of Babel”:
      I repeat: it suffices that a book be possible for it to exist. Only the impossible is excluded. For example: no book can be a ladder, although no doubt there are books which discuss and negate and demonstrate this possibility and others whose structure corresponds to that of a ladder.
    • 1983, Steve Horelick & al., “Reading Rainbow”:
      I can be anything.
      Take a look!
      It’s in a book:
      A reading rainbow.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, page 51:
      Trefusis’s quarters could be described in one word. Books. Books and books and books. And then, just when an observer might be lured into thinking that that must be it, more books… Trefusis himself was highly dismissive of them. ‘Waste of trees,’ he had once said. ‘Stupid, ugly, clumsy, heavy things. The sooner technology comes up with a reliable alternative the better… The world is so fond of saying that books should be “treated with respect”. But when are we told that words should be treated with respect?’
    She opened the book to page 37 and began to read aloud.
    He was frustrated because he couldn’t find anything about dinosaurs in the book.
  2. A long work fit for publication, typically prose, such as a novel or textbook, and typically published as such a bound collection of sheets, but now sometimes electronically as an e-book.
    I have three copies of his first book.
  3. A major division of a long work.
    Genesis is the first book of the Bible.
    Many readers find the first book of A Tale of Two Cities to be confusing.
    Synonyms: tome, volume
  4. (gambling) A record of betting (from the use of a notebook to record what each person has bet).
    I’m running a book on who is going to win the race.
  5. (informal) A bookmaker (a person who takes bets on sporting events and similar); bookie; turf accountant.
  6. A convenient collection, in a form resembling a book, of small paper items for individual use.
    a book of stamps
    a book of raffle tickets
    Synonym: booklet
  7. (theater) The script of a musical or opera.
    Synonym: libretto
  8. (usually in the plural) Records of the accounts of a business.
    Synonyms: account, record
  9. (law, colloquial) A book award, a recognition for receiving the highest grade in a class (traditionally an actual book, but recently more likely a letter or certificate acknowledging the achievement).
  10. (whist) Six tricks taken by one side.
  11. (poker slang) four of a kind
  12. (sports) A document, held by the referee, of the incidents happened in the game.
  13. (sports, by extension) A list of all players who have been booked (received a warning) in a game.
  14. (cartomancy) The twenty-sixth Lenormand card.
  15. (figuratively) Any source of instruction.
  16. (with “the”) The accumulated body of knowledge passed down among black pimps.
    • 1974, Adrienne Lanier Seward, The Black Pimp as a Folk Hero (page 11)
      The Book is an oral tradition of belief in The Life that has been passed down from player to player from generation to generation.
    • 1994, Antiquarian Book Monthly (volume 21, page 36)
      On the other hand The Book is an oral tradition containing the rules and principles to be adopted by a pimp who wishes to be a player.
Synonyms
  • See Thesaurus:book
Hyponyms
  • See Thesaurus:book
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

See book/translations § Noun.

See also
  • incunable
  • scroll
  • tome
  • volume

Etymology 2

From Middle English booken, boken, from Old English bōcian, ġebōcian, from the noun (see above).

Verb

book (third-person singular simple present books, present participle booking, simple past and past participle booked)

  1. (transitive) To reserve (something) for future use.
    Synonym: reserve
  2. (transitive) To write down, to register or record in a book or as in a book.
    They booked that message from the hill
    Synonyms: make a note of, note down, record, write down
  3. (transitive) To add a name to the list of people who are participating in something.
    I booked a flight to New York.
    Synonyms: sign up, register, reserve, schedule, enroll
  4. (law enforcement, transitive) To record the name and other details of a suspected offender and the offence for later judicial action.
    The police booked him for driving too fast.
  5. (sports) To issue with a caution, usually a yellow card, or a red card if a yellow card has already been issued.
  6. (intransitive, slang) To travel very fast.
    He was really booking, until he passed the speed trap.
    Synonyms: bomb, hurtle, rocket, speed, shoot, whiz
  7. To record bets as bookmaker.
  8. (transitive, law student slang) To receive the highest grade in a class.
    The top three students had a bet on which one was going to book their intellectual property class.
  9. (intransitive, slang) To leave.
    He was here earlier, but he booked.
Derived terms
Translations

See book/translations § Verb.

Etymology 3

From Middle English book, bok, from Old English bōc, from Proto-Germanic *bōk, first and third person singular indicative past tense of Proto-Germanic *bakaną (to bake).

Verb

book

  1. (Britain dialectal, Northern England) simple past tense of bake

References

Anagrams

  • Boko, Koob, boko, bòkò, kobo

Limburgish

Etymology

From Middle Dutch boec, from Old Dutch buok, from Proto-Germanic *bōks.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːk/

Noun

book n (plural beuk)

  1. book

Mansaka

Noun

book

  1. piece

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English bōc.

Noun

book (plural books)

  1. Alternative form of booke

Etymology 2

From Old English būc.

Noun

book (plural books)

  1. Alternative form of bouk

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

book

  1. imperative of booke


English

Etymology

From Middle English lygger, ligger, leger (large breviary; beam, plank; dweller, inhabitant), from leggen, liggen, leyen, variants of līen (to lie down; to bow, kneel, prostrate; to die; to be located (somewhere); to remain in place, stay), from Old English liċġan (to lie down; to be situated), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *legʰ- (to lie down). The word is cognate with Dutch legger (daybook; layer) (from leggen (to lay), liggen (to lie down)), and is related to English ledge, lie (to be prostrate).

The verb is derived from the noun.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɛdʒə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈlɛdʒɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛdʒə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: led‧ger

Noun

ledger (plural ledgers)

  1. A book for keeping notes; a record book, a register.
  2. A book or other scheme for keeping accounting records.
    1. (cryptocurrencies) A distributed ledger, a public financial transaction database, typically using a blockchain.
  3. A large, flat stone, especially one laid over a tomb.
  4. (accounting) A collection of accounting entries consisting of credits and debits.
  5. (construction) A board attached to a wall to provide support for attaching other structural elements (such as deck joists or roof rafters) to a building.
    Synonym: ligger
  6. (fishing) Short for ledger bait (fishing bait attached to a floating line fastened to the bank of a pond, stream, etc.) or ledger line (“fishing line used with ledger bait for bottom fishing; ligger”).

Alternative forms

  • leidger, leiger (obsolete)
  • leger (obsolete)

Hyponyms

  • distributed ledger
  • nominal ledger
  • sales ledger

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

ledger (third-person singular simple present ledgers, present participle ledgering, simple past and past participle ledgered)

  1. (transitive) To record (something) in, or as if in, a ledger.
  2. (transitive, fishing) To use (a certain type of bait) in bottom fishing.
  3. (intransitive, fishing) To engage in bottom fishing.

Alternative forms

  • leger

Translations

See also

  • book of original entry

Notes

References

Further reading

  • ledger on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • ledger stone on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Ledger in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

Anagrams

  • gelder, red-leg, redleg

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