boom vs din what difference

what is difference between boom and din

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: boo͞m
    • (UK) IPA(key): /buːm/
    • (US) IPA(key): /bum/
  • Rhymes: -uːm

Etymology 1

Onomatopoeic, perhaps borrowed; compare German bummen, Dutch bommen (to hum, buzz).

Verb

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To make a loud, hollow, resonant sound.
  2. (transitive, figuratively, of speech) To exclaim with force, to shout, to thunder.
  3. Of a Eurasian bittern, to make its deep, resonant territorial vocalisation.
  4. (transitive) To make something boom.
  5. (slang, US, obsolete) To publicly praise.
    • 1922, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Problem of Thor Bridge
      If you pull this off every paper in England and America will be booming you.
  6. To rush with violence and noise, as a ship under a press of sail, before a free wind.
    • 1841, Benjamin Totten, Naval Text-book and Dictionary []
      She comes booming down before it.
Derived terms
  • boom box
  • boom-boom
  • sonic boom
Translations

Noun

boom (plural booms)

  1. A low-pitched, resonant sound, such as of an explosion.
  2. A rapid expansion or increase.
  3. One of the calls of certain monkeys or birds.
    • 1990, Mark A. Berkley, William C. Stebbins, Comparative Perception
      Interestingly, the blue monkey’s boom and pyow calls are both long-distance signals (Brown, 1989), yet the two calls differ in respect to their susceptibility to habitat-induced degradation.
Translations

Interjection

boom

  1. Used to suggest the sound of an explosion.
  2. Used to suggest something happening suddenly and unexpectedly.
    • 1993, Vibe (volume 1, number 2)
      So we went around the corner, looked in the garbage, and, boom, there’s about 16 of the tapes he didn’t like!
    • 2013, Peter Westoby, Gerard Dowling, Theory and Practice of Dialogical Community Development
      Hostile race relations and chronic unemployment are ignored in the suburbs of Paris, London and Sydney, and boom! there are riots.
  3. The sound of a bass drum beating.
  4. The sound of a cannon firing.
Derived terms
  • sis boom bah
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Dutch boom (tree; pole). Doublet of beam.

Noun

boom (plural booms)

  1. (nautical) A spar extending the foot of a sail; a spar rigged outboard from a ship’s side to which boats are secured in harbour.
  2. A movable pole used to support a microphone or camera.
  3. (by extension) A microphone supported on such a pole.
  4. A horizontal member of a crane or derrick, used for lifting.
  5. (electronics) The longest element of a Yagi antenna, on which the other, smaller ones are transversally mounted.
  6. A floating barrier used to obstruct navigation, for military or other purposes; or used for the containment of an oil spill or to control the flow of logs from logging operations.
  7. A wishbone-shaped piece of windsurfing equipment.
  8. The section of the arm on a backhoe closest to the tractor.
  9. A gymnastics apparatus similar to a balance beam.

Derived terms

  • boomhouse
  • boomstick
Related terms
  • (nautical): buoy, cathead
  • crane
Translations

Verb

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. To extend, or push, with a boom or pole.
  2. (usually with “up” or “down”) To raise or lower with a crane boom.

Etymology 3

Perhaps a figurative development of Etymology 1, above.

Noun

boom (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) A period of prosperity, growth, progress, or high market activity.
Antonyms
  • (period of prosperity): recession
Descendants
  • German: Boom
  • Indonesian: bum
  • Japanese: ブーム (būmu)
  • Polish: boom
Translations

Verb

boom (third-person singular simple present booms, present participle booming, simple past and past participle boomed)

  1. (intransitive) To flourish, grow, or progress.
    Synonyms: flourish, prosper
  2. (transitive, dated) To cause to advance rapidly in price.
Derived terms
  • boom town
Translations

Anagrams

  • MOBO, mobo, moob

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch boom, from Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, boum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bʊəm/

Noun

boom (plural bome, diminutive boompie)

  1. tree

Dutch

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-West Germanic *baum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːm/
  • Hyphenation: boom
  • Rhymes: -oːm

Noun

boom m (plural bomen, diminutive boompje n)

  1. tree
  2. any solid, pole-shaped, usually wooden object
    1. beam
    2. mast
      Synonym: mast
    3. boom
      Synonym: giek
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: boom
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bom
  • Jersey Dutch: bôm
  • Negerhollands: bom, boom
    • Virgin Islands Creole: bom (archaic)
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: bom, boom
  • English: boom
  • Indonesian: bom (tree, pole), bum
  • Sranan Tongo: bon

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English boom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /buːm/
  • Hyphenation: boom

Noun

boom m (plural booms, diminutive boompje n)

  1. boom, as in a market explosion
Derived terms
  • babyboom
  • boomer

References

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

See also

  • boom on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Boom in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

French

Alternative forms

  • boum

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bum/

Noun

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (dramatically fast increase)

Derived terms

  • ça boom
  • papy boom

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom, from Dutch boom – see above.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbum/

Noun

boom m (invariable)

  1. a boom (sound)
  2. a boom, rapid expansion
  3. a boom (crane)

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-West Germanic *baum.

Noun

bôom m

  1. tree
  2. beam, pole
  3. boom barrier

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Dutch: boom
  • Limburgish: boum

Further reading

  • “boom”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “boom (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Polish

Etymology

From English boom.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): //bum//

Noun

boom m inan

  1. (economics, business) boom (period of prosperity)
  2. boom (rapid expansion or increase)

Declension

Further reading

  • boom in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • boom in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom.

Noun

boom m (plural booms)

  1. (economics, business) boom (period of prosperity)

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English boom.

Noun

boom m (plural booms)

  1. boom (period of prosperity or high market activity)

See also

  • bum


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: dĭn, IPA(key): /dɪn/
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Etymology 1

From Middle English dynne, dyne, dyn, from Old English dyne, from Proto-West Germanic *duni, from Proto-Germanic *duniz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰún-is, from *dʰwen- (to make a noise).

Cognate with Sanskrit धुनि (dhúni, sounding), ध्वनति (dhvánati, to make a noise, to roar), Old Norse dynr, Norwegian Nynorsk dynja.

Noun

din (countable and uncountable, plural dins)

  1. A loud noise; a cacophony or loud commotion.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Act I, Scene 2,[1]
      Think you a little din can daunt mine ears?
    • 1850, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, In Memoriam, London: Edward Moxon, Canto 87, p. 129,[2]
      How often, hither wandering down,
      My Arthur found your shadows fair,
      And shook to all the liberal air
      The dust and din and steam of town:
    • 1998, Ian McEwan, Amsterdam, New York: Anchor, 1999, Part 1, Chapter 1, pp. 9-10,[4]
      So many faces Clive had never seen by daylight, and looking terrible, like cadavers jerked upright to welcome the newly dead. Invigorated by this jolt of misanthropy, he moved sleekly through the din, ignored his name when it was called, withdrew his elbow when it was plucked […]
    • 2014, Daniel Taylor, “England and Wayne Rooney see off Scotland in their own back yard,” The Guardian, 18 November 2014,[5]
      England certainly made a mockery of the claim that they might somehow be intimidated by the Glasgow din. Celtic Park was a loud, seething pit of bias.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:din
Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:din.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English dynnen, from Old English dynnan, from Proto-Germanic *dunjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwen- (to make a noise).

Verb

din (third-person singular simple present dins, present participle dinning, simple past and past participle dinned)

  1. (intransitive) To make a din, to resound.
    • 1820, William Wordsworth, “The Waggoner” Canto 2, in The Miscellaneous Poems of William Wordsworth, London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, Volume 2, p. 21,[6]
      For, spite of rumbling of the wheels,
      A welcome greeting he can hear;—
      It is a fiddle in its glee
      Dinning from the CHERRY TREE!
    • 1920, Zane Grey, “The Rube’s Pennant” in The Redheaded Outfield and Other Baseball Stories, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, p. 68,[7]
      My confused senses received a dull roar of pounding feet and dinning voices as the herald of victory.
    • 1924, Edith Wharton, Old New York: New Year’s Day (The ’Seventies), New York: D. Appleton & Co., Chapter 4, pp. 62-63,[8]
      Should she speak of having been at the fire herself—or should she not? The question dinned in her brain so loudly that she could hardly hear what her companion was saying []
  2. (intransitive) (of a place) To be filled with sound, to resound.
    • 1914, Rex Beach, The Auction Block, New York: Harper & Bros., Chapter 3, p. 33,[9]
      The room was dinning with the strains of an invisible orchestra and the vocal uproar []
  3. (transitive) To assail (a person, the ears) with loud noise.
    • 1716, Joseph Addison, The Free-Holder: or Political Essays, London: D. Midwinter & J. Tonson, No. 8, 16 January, 1716, pp. 45-46,[10]
      She ought in such Cases to exert the Authority of the Curtain Lecture; and if she finds him of a rebellious Disposition, to tame him, as they do Birds of Prey, by dinning him in the Ears all Night long.
    • 1817, John Keats, “On the Sea” in Richard Monckton Milnes (editor), Life, Letters, and Literary Remains, of John Keats, London: Edward Moxon, 1848, Volume 2, p. 291,[11]
      Oh ye! whose ears are dinn’d with uproar rude,
      Or fed too much with cloying melody,—
      Sit ye near some old cavern’s mouth, and brood
      Until ye start, as if the sea-nymphs quired!
    • 1938, Graham Greene, Brighton Rock, New York: Vintage, 2002, Chapter 1,
      No alarm-clock dinned her to get up but the morning light woke her, pouring through the uncurtained glass.
  4. (transitive) To repeat continuously, as though to the point of deafening or exhausting somebody.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift The Hibernian Patriot: Being a Collection of the Drapier’s Letters to the People of Ireland concerning Mr. Wood’s Brass Half-Pence, London, 1730, Letter 2, p. 61,[12]
      This has been often dinned in my Ears.
    • 1866, Elizabeth Gaskell, Wives and Daughters, Chapter 50,[13]
      “Mamma, do you forget that I have promised to marry Roger Hamley?” said Cynthia quietly.
      “No! of course I don’t—how can I, with Molly always dinning the word ‘engagement’ into my ears? []
    • 1949, George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Part One, Chapter 6,[14]
      By careful early conditioning, by games and cold water, by the rubbish that was dinned into them at school and in the Spies and the Youth League, by lectures, parades, songs, slogans, and martial music, the natural feeling had been driven out of them.
    • 2004, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason, Penguin, page 183,
      His mother had dinned The Whole Duty of Man into him in early childhood.

Derived terms

  • outdin

Synonyms

  • (repeat continuously): drum.

Etymology 3

Noun

din (uncountable)

  1. (Islam) Alternative spelling of deen (religion, faith, religiosity).

Anagrams

  • DNI, IDN, IND, Ind, Ind., in d., ind., nid

Abinomn

Noun

din

  1. (anatomy) calf

Albanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /din/

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *deina (day), from Proto-Indo-European *dey-no-, ultimately from *dyew- (to shine). Cognate with Proto-Slavic *dьnь, Latvian diena, Lithuanian dėina, Old Prussian dēinā.

Alternative forms

  • dihet

Verb

din (first-person singular past tense diu, participle dinë)

  1. to break (of the day)
Related terms
  • di
  • gdhij

References


Azerbaijani

Etymology

Ultimately from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Noun

din (definite accusative dini, plural dinlər)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension


Breton

Pronoun

din

  1. first-person singular of da

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz (your).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diːn/, [d̥iːˀn]

Determiner

din (neuter dit, plural dine)

  1. your, thy (singular; one owner)
  2. yours, thine (singular; one owner)

See also


Galician

Verb

din

  1. third-person plural present indicative of dicir

Indonesian

Etymology

From Malay din, from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈdɪn]

Noun

din (first-person possessive dinku, second-person possessive dinmu, third-person possessive dinnya)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)
    Synonym: agama

Further reading

  • “din” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Kiput

Etymology

From Proto-North Sarawak *daqan, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *daqan.

Noun

din

  1. branch

Ladino

Etymology

Borrowed from Hebrew דִּין(din).

Noun

din m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling דין‎)

  1. religious law

Malay

Etymology

Borrowed from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Pronunciation

  • (Johor-Selangor) IPA(key): /den/
  • (Riau-Lingga) IPA(key): /dɪn/
  • Rhymes: -den, -en

Noun

din (Jawi spelling دين‎, plural dindin, informal 1st possessive dinku, impolite 2nd possessive dinmu, 3rd possessive dinnya)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Synonyms

  • agama
  • anutan
  • kepercayaan

Further reading

  • “din” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.

Maltese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diːn/

Etymology 1

From Arabic دِين(dīn).

Noun

din m (plural djien)

  1. (dated or puristic) religion
    Synonym: reliġjon

Etymology 2

Determiner

din

  1. feminine singular of dan

Middle English

Noun

din

  1. Alternative form of dynne

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtiːn/

Pronoun

dīn

  1. accusative/genitive of dii

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation

Determiner

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

See also

References

  • “din” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /din/ (example of pronunciation)

Determiner

din m (feminine di, neuter ditt, plural dine)

  1. your, yours

See also

References

  • “din” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Occitan

Preposition

din

  1. inside; alternative form of dins

Old High German

Alternative forms

  • thin

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *þīn, whence also Old English þīn, Old Norse þínn.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /diːn/

Pronoun

dīn

  1. genitive singular of du

Determiner

dīn

  1. your (singular)

Inflection

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

  • Middle High German: dīn
    • Alemannic German: diin, dyn
    • Cimbrian: dain, doi
    • German: dein
    • Hunsrik: dein
    • Luxembourgish: däin
    • Yiddish: דײַן(dayn)

References

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer, second edition.

Old Irish

Etymology

Univerbation of di +‎ in

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [dʲin͈]

Article

din

  1. of/from the sg

Romanian

Etymology

From de + în.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /din/

Preposition

din (+accusative)

  1. on, on top of
  2. from, out of

Saterland Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian thīn, from Proto-West Germanic *þīn. Cognates include West Frisian dyn and German dein.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɪn/

Determiner

din (feminine dien, neuter dien, plural dien, predicative dinnen)

  1. thy, your

See also

References

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “din”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish þīn, from Old Norse þínn, from Proto-Germanic *þīnaz.

Determiner

din c (neuter singular ditt, plural dina)

  1. your, yours; of one thing in the common gender (speaking to one person)
  2. you (only in this use:)
Declension

Etymology 2

Noun

din

  1. definite singular of di

Tagalog

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /din/

Particle

din

  1. Indicates affirmation: too, also

Usage notes

This form is mainly used after words ending in a consonant, while rin is used following words that end in a vowel. The distinction is not always made, however.


Turkish

Etymology 1

From Ottoman Turkish دین‎, from Arabic دِين(dīn) with some influence from Middle Persian (see the Arabic term for details).

Noun

din (definite accusative dini, plural dinler)

  1. (religion) System of beliefs dealing with soul, deity or life after death.
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Verb

din

  1. second-person singular imperative of dinmek

Uzbek

Etymology

Borrowed from Arabic دِين(dīn).

Noun

din (plural dinlar)

  1. religion (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)

Declension


Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from German Ding.

Noun

din (nominative plural dins)

  1. thing

Declension

Derived terms

  • dinöf
  • dinöfik

Welsh

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

Noun

din m

  1. (obsolete) city, fort, stronghold
Usage notes

Found chiefly as an element in place names, e.g. Dinbych (Denbigh), Caerfyrddin (Carmarthen).

Derived terms
  • dinas (city)
  • murddin (fortification)

Mutation

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

din

  1. Soft mutation of tin.

Mutation


West Frisian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɪn/

Noun

din c (plural dinnen, diminutive dintsje)

  1. pine, coniferous tree of the genus Pinus.

Further reading

  • “din (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Zhuang

Etymology

From Proto-Tai *tiːnᴬ (foot). Cognate with Thai ตีน (dtiin), Lao ຕີນ (tīn), ᦎᦲᧃ (ṫiin), Shan တိၼ် (tǐn), Ahom ???????????????? (tin), Bouyei dinl.

Pronunciation

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /tin˨˦/
  • Tone numbers: din1
  • Hyphenation: din

Noun

din (Sawndip forms or ???? or ???? or or ???? or ???? or or ???? or , old orthography din)

  1. foot (of a human)
  2. base; foot; lowest part of an object

See also

  • nyauj

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