bore vs caliber what difference

what is difference between bore and caliber

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /bɔɹ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɔː/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /bo(ː)ɹ/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /boə/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)
  • Homophones: boar, Bohr, boor (accents with the pour–poor merger)

Etymology 1

From Middle English boren, from Old English borian (to pierce), from Proto-Germanic *burōną. Compare Danish bore, Norwegian Bokmål bore, Dutch boren, German bohren, Old Norse bora. Cognate with Latin forō (to bore, to pierce), Latin feriō (strike, cut) and Albanian birë (hole). Sense of wearying may come from a figurative use such as “to bore the ears”; compare German drillen.

Verb

bore (third-person singular simple present bores, present participle boring, simple past and past participle bored)

  1. (transitive) To inspire boredom in somebody.
    • 1881, Thomas Carlyle, Reminiscences
      [] used to come and bore me at rare intervals.
  2. (transitive) To make a hole through something.
  3. (intransitive) To make a hole with, or as if with, a boring instrument; to cut a circular hole by the rotary motion of a tool.
  4. (transitive) To form or enlarge (something) by means of a boring instrument or apparatus.
    • 1862, Thaddeus William Harris, A Treatise on Some of the Insects Injurious to Vegetation
      short but very powerful jaws, by means whereof the insect can bore [] a cylindrical passage through the most solid wood
  5. (transitive) To make (a passage) by laborious effort, as in boring; to force a narrow and difficult passage through.
  6. (intransitive) To be pierced or penetrated by an instrument that cuts as it turns.
  7. (intransitive) To push forward in a certain direction with laborious effort.
    • They take their flight [] boring to the west.
  8. (of a horse) To shoot out the nose or toss it in the air.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Crabb to this entry?)
  9. (obsolete) To fool; to trick.
Synonyms
  • (make a hole through something): see also Thesaurus:make a hole
Antonyms
  • interest
Related terms
  • (to make a hole): borer
  • (to inspire boredom): bored, boredom, boring
Translations

Noun

bore (plural bores)

  1. A hole drilled or milled through something, or (by extension) its diameter.
  2. The tunnel inside of a gun’s barrel through which the bullet travels when fired, or (by extension) its diameter.
  3. A tool, such as an auger, for making a hole by boring.
  4. A capped well drilled to tap artesian water. The place where the well exists.
  5. One who inspires boredom or lack of interest; an uninteresting person.
  6. Something dull or uninteresting
    • 1871, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Passages from the French and Italian Notebooks
      It is as great a bore as to hear a poet read his own verses.
  7. Calibre; importance.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:bore
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English *bore, bare, a borrowing from Old Norse bára (billow, wave). Cognate with Icelandic bára, Faroese bára.

Noun

bore (plural bores)

  1. A sudden and rapid flow of tide occuring in certain rivers and estuaries which rolls up as a wave.
Synonyms
  • eagre
Translations

Etymology 3

Verb

bore

  1. simple past tense of bear
  2. (now colloquial, nonstandard) past participle of bear

Anagrams

  • Bero, Boer, Ebor, Ebro, robe

Cornish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *bāregos (morning). Compare Breton beure, Old Irish báireach and Old Irish bárach, whence i mbáireach and i mbárach (tomorrow), modern Irish amáireach (Munster, Connaught) and Irish amárach (Donegal).

Noun

bore m

  1. morning

Mutation


Czech

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /borɛ/
  • Rhymes: -orɛ
  • Hyphenation: bo‧re

Noun

bore

  1. vocative singular of bor (“pine wood”):

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːrɛ/
  • Rhymes: -oːrɛ
  • Hyphenation: bo‧re

Noun

bore

  1. vocative singular of bor (“boron”):

Anagrams

  • oreb, robe

References


Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

bore

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of boren

Anagrams

  • boer, Ebro, robe, ober

French

Etymology

Coined by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard in 1808, from the same root but independently of English boron.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔʁ/

Noun

bore m (uncountable)

  1. boron

Further reading

  • “bore” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • orbe, robe, robé

Middle English

Etymology 1

A back-formation from boren; reinforced by Old Norse bora.

Alternative forms

  • boore

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɔːr(ə)/

Noun

bore (plural bores)

  1. A bore, hole, puncture or indentation.
  2. A gap, cavity or piercing.
  3. (rare, euphemistic) The anus; the asshole.
Descendants
  • English: bore
  • Scots: bore, boir
References
  • “bōre, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-07-22.

Etymology 2

Verb

bore

  1. Alternative form of boryn

Etymology 3

Noun

bore

  1. Alternative form of bor

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse bora

Verb

bore (imperative bor, present tense borer, simple past and past participle bora or boret, present participle borende)

  1. to bore or drill (make a hole through something)

Derived terms

  • borerigg

References

  • “bore” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

bore

  1. past participle of bera

Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *bāregos (morning). Compare Breton beure, Old Irish bárach (whence i mbárach (tomorrow), modern Irish amáireach and amárach).

Pronunciation

  • (North Wales, standard, colloquial) IPA(key): /ˈbɔrɛ/
    • (North Wales, colloquial) IPA(key): /ˈbɔra/
  • (South Wales) IPA(key): /ˈboːrɛ/, /ˈbɔrɛ/

Noun

bore m (plural boreau)

  1. morning

Derived terms

  • bore da (good morning)
  • bore coffi (coffee morning)

Related terms

  • yfory

Mutation


English

Alternative forms

  • calibre (more common form in UK etc)

Etymology

From French calibre (bore of a gun, size, capacity (literally, and figuratively), also weight), from Italian calibro.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkæl.ɪ.bə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkæl.ɪ.bɚ/
  • Hyphenation: cal‧i‧bre

Noun

caliber (countable and uncountable, plural calibers) (British spelling, Australia, Canada, New Zealand)

  1. Diameter of the bore of a firearm, typically measured between opposite lands.
  2. The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet, a projectile, or a column.
  3. A nominal name for a cartridge type, which may not exactly indicate its true size and may include other measurements such as cartridge length or black powder capacity. Eg 7.62×39 or 38.40.
  4. Unit of measure used to express the length of the bore of a weapon. The number of calibres is determined by dividing the length of the bore of the weapon, from the breech face of the tube to the muzzle, by the diameter of its bore. A gun tube the bore of which is 40 feet (480 inches) long and 12 inches in diameter is said to be 40 calibers long.
  5. (figuratively) Relative size, importance, magnitude.
  6. (figuratively) Capacity or compass of mind.
  7. (dated) Degree of importance or station in society.

Related terms

  • calibrate
  • calibration
  • calipers

Translations

References

  • caliber in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • caliber in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

References

The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, 1989.

Anagrams

  • calibre

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