bore vs drill what difference

what is difference between bore and drill

English

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /bɔɹ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɔː/
  • (rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /bo(ː)ɹ/
  • (non-rhotic, without the horsehoarse merger) IPA(key): /boə/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)
  • Homophones: boar, Bohr, boor (accents with the pour–poor merger)

Etymology 1

From Middle English boren, from Old English borian (to pierce), from Proto-Germanic *burōną. Compare Danish bore, Norwegian Bokmål bore, Dutch boren, German bohren, Old Norse bora. Cognate with Latin forō (to bore, to pierce), Latin feriō (strike, cut) and Albanian birë (hole). Sense of wearying may come from a figurative use such as “to bore the ears”; compare German drillen.

Verb

bore (third-person singular simple present bores, present participle boring, simple past and past participle bored)

  1. (transitive) To inspire boredom in somebody.
    • 1881, Thomas Carlyle, Reminiscences
      [] used to come and bore me at rare intervals.
  2. (transitive) To make a hole through something.
  3. (intransitive) To make a hole with, or as if with, a boring instrument; to cut a circular hole by the rotary motion of a tool.
  4. (transitive) To form or enlarge (something) by means of a boring instrument or apparatus.
    • 1862, Thaddeus William Harris, A Treatise on Some of the Insects Injurious to Vegetation
      short but very powerful jaws, by means whereof the insect can bore [] a cylindrical passage through the most solid wood
  5. (transitive) To make (a passage) by laborious effort, as in boring; to force a narrow and difficult passage through.
  6. (intransitive) To be pierced or penetrated by an instrument that cuts as it turns.
  7. (intransitive) To push forward in a certain direction with laborious effort.
    • They take their flight [] boring to the west.
  8. (of a horse) To shoot out the nose or toss it in the air.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Crabb to this entry?)
  9. (obsolete) To fool; to trick.
Synonyms
  • (make a hole through something): see also Thesaurus:make a hole
Antonyms
  • interest
Related terms
  • (to make a hole): borer
  • (to inspire boredom): bored, boredom, boring
Translations

Noun

bore (plural bores)

  1. A hole drilled or milled through something, or (by extension) its diameter.
  2. The tunnel inside of a gun’s barrel through which the bullet travels when fired, or (by extension) its diameter.
  3. A tool, such as an auger, for making a hole by boring.
  4. A capped well drilled to tap artesian water. The place where the well exists.
  5. One who inspires boredom or lack of interest; an uninteresting person.
  6. Something dull or uninteresting
    • 1871, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Passages from the French and Italian Notebooks
      It is as great a bore as to hear a poet read his own verses.
  7. Calibre; importance.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:bore
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English *bore, bare, a borrowing from Old Norse bára (billow, wave). Cognate with Icelandic bára, Faroese bára.

Noun

bore (plural bores)

  1. A sudden and rapid flow of tide occuring in certain rivers and estuaries which rolls up as a wave.
Synonyms
  • eagre
Translations

Etymology 3

Verb

bore

  1. simple past tense of bear
  2. (now colloquial, nonstandard) past participle of bear

Anagrams

  • Bero, Boer, Ebor, Ebro, robe

Cornish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *bāregos (morning). Compare Breton beure, Old Irish báireach and Old Irish bárach, whence i mbáireach and i mbárach (tomorrow), modern Irish amáireach (Munster, Connaught) and Irish amárach (Donegal).

Noun

bore m

  1. morning

Mutation


Czech

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /borɛ/
  • Rhymes: -orɛ
  • Hyphenation: bo‧re

Noun

bore

  1. vocative singular of bor (“pine wood”):

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /boːrɛ/
  • Rhymes: -oːrɛ
  • Hyphenation: bo‧re

Noun

bore

  1. vocative singular of bor (“boron”):

Anagrams

  • oreb, robe

References


Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

bore

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of boren

Anagrams

  • boer, Ebro, robe, ober

French

Etymology

Coined by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard in 1808, from the same root but independently of English boron.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɔʁ/

Noun

bore m (uncountable)

  1. boron

Further reading

  • “bore” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • orbe, robe, robé

Middle English

Etymology 1

A back-formation from boren; reinforced by Old Norse bora.

Alternative forms

  • boore

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɔːr(ə)/

Noun

bore (plural bores)

  1. A bore, hole, puncture or indentation.
  2. A gap, cavity or piercing.
  3. (rare, euphemistic) The anus; the asshole.
Descendants
  • English: bore
  • Scots: bore, boir
References
  • “bōre, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-07-22.

Etymology 2

Verb

bore

  1. Alternative form of boryn

Etymology 3

Noun

bore

  1. Alternative form of bor

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse bora

Verb

bore (imperative bor, present tense borer, simple past and past participle bora or boret, present participle borende)

  1. to bore or drill (make a hole through something)

Derived terms

  • borerigg

References

  • “bore” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

bore

  1. past participle of bera

Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *bāregos (morning). Compare Breton beure, Old Irish bárach (whence i mbárach (tomorrow), modern Irish amáireach and amárach).

Pronunciation

  • (North Wales, standard, colloquial) IPA(key): /ˈbɔrɛ/
    • (North Wales, colloquial) IPA(key): /ˈbɔra/
  • (South Wales) IPA(key): /ˈboːrɛ/, /ˈbɔrɛ/

Noun

bore m (plural boreau)

  1. morning

Derived terms

  • bore da (good morning)
  • bore coffi (coffee morning)

Related terms

  • yfory

Mutation


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: drĭl, IPA(key): /dɹɪl/, [dɹɪɫ]
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch drillen (bore, move in a circle).

Verb

drill (third-person singular simple present drills, present participle drilling, simple past and past participle drilled)

  1. (transitive) To create (a hole) by removing material with a drill (tool).
    Synonyms: excavate, bore, gouge; see also Thesaurus:make a hole
  2. (intransitive) To practice, especially in (or as in) a military context.
  3. (ergative) To cause to drill (practice); to train in military arts.
    • 1859, Thomas Macaulay, Life of Frederick the Great
      He [Frederic the Great] drilled his people, as he drilled his grenadiers.
  4. (transitive) To repeat an idea frequently in order to encourage someone to remember it.
  5. (intransitive) To investigate or examine something in more detail or at a different level
  6. (transitive) To hit or kick with a lot of power.
  7. (baseball) To hit someone with a pitch, especially in an intentional context.
  8. (slang, vulgar) To have sexual intercourse with; to penetrate.
    Synonyms: plow, poke, root, shaft; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
    • 2010, MasseMord, Masshealing Masskilling
      Everytime when I rape your daughter. Your beautiful faces expressing how it hurts. Always while I drill her c*nt. I want to see you dead.
    • 2012, SwizZz, Flu Shot
      Guess I’ll be drilling her butt
Translations

Noun

drill (plural drills)

  1. A tool used to remove material so as to create a hole, typically by plunging a rotating cutting bit into a stationary workpiece.
  2. The portion of a drilling tool that drives the bit.
  3. An activity done as an exercise or practice (especially a military exercise), particularly in preparation for some possible future event or occurrence.
    • Springs through the pleasant meadows pour their drills.
  4. Any of several molluscs, of the genus Urosalpinx, especially the oyster drill (Urosalpinx cinerea), that drill holes in the shells of other animals.
  5. (uncountable, music) A style of trap music with gritty, violent lyrics, originating on the South Side of Chicago.

Wikispecies

Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:drill.
Derived terms
Translations

Related terms

  • drill bit
  • twist drill
  • drill press
  • drill down

Etymology 2

Perhaps the same as Etymology 3; compare German Rille which can also mean “small furrow”.

Noun

drill (plural drills)

  1. An agricultural implement for making holes for sowing seed, and sometimes so formed as to contain seeds and drop them into the hole made.
  2. A light furrow or channel made to put seed into, when sowing.
  3. A row of seed sown in a furrow.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

drill (third-person singular simple present drills, present participle drilling, simple past and past participle drilled)

  1. (transitive) To sow (seeds) by dribbling them along a furrow or in a row.
Translations

Etymology 3

Uncertain. Compare the same sense of trill, and German trillen, drillen. Attestation predates Etymology 1.

Noun

drill (plural drills)

  1. (obsolete) A small trickling stream; a rill.
Translations

Verb

drill (third-person singular simple present drills, present participle drilling, simple past and past participle drilled)

  1. (transitive) To cause to flow in drills or rills or by trickling; to drain by trickling.
    • 1615, George Sandys, The Relation of a Journey begun an. Dom. 1610, in four books
      Now it is a great square profunditie ; greene , and uneven at the bottome : into which a barren spring doch drill from betweene the stones of the North – ward wall
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English drillen, origin unknown.

Verb

drill (third-person singular simple present drills, present participle drilling, simple past and past participle drilled)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To entice or allure; to decoy; with on.
    Synonyms: entice, lead on, lure
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To cause to slip or waste away by degrees.
    • August 28, 1731, letter by Jonathan Swift to John Gay and Catherine Douglas, Duchess of Queensberry
      This cursed accident hath drilled away the whole summer.
Translations

Etymology 5

Probably of African origin; compare mandrill.

Noun

drill (plural drills)

  1. An Old World monkey of West Africa, Mandrillus leucophaeus, similar in appearance to the mandrill, but lacking the colorful face.
Translations

Further reading

  • Mandrillus leucophaeus on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Mandrillus leucophaeus on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Mandrillus leucophaeus on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons

Etymology 6

From German Drillich (denim, canvas, drill).

Noun

drill (countable and uncountable, plural drills)

  1. A strong, durable cotton fabric with a strong bias (diagonal) in the weave.
Synonyms
  • chino
Derived terms
  • khaki drill, KD
Translations

French

Etymology

English drill.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dʁil/

Noun

drill m (plural drills)

  1. drill (tool)

Related terms

  • driller

Further reading

  • “drill” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Pronunciation

Verb

drill

  1. singular imperative of drillen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of drillen

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

drill

  1. imperative of drille

Westrobothnian

Verb

drill (preterite drillä)

  1. (transitive) twist, turn

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